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Transcript of Post-Classical Asia
Japanese culture was deeply influenced by China
Confucianism= family loyalty
Buddhism= meditation and sacrifice
Daoism= importance of nature China’s Influence on Japan List one political, one economic, and one cultural development of the Tang and Song dynasty The Grand Canal led to an increase in trade
Chinese population saw an increase in wealth Song Dynasty Islam spreads across the Himalayas to northwest India
Muslim rulers set up Sultanates The Muslim Invasion of India Islam spreads to Persia w/ Safavid Empire
Safavids were Shiite Muslims opposed to the Ottomans
Shahs used large armies to maintain control of empire The Safavid Empire in Persia Unit 7
Post Classical Asia Genghis Khan united the Mongols and attacked China, promoted trade within the empire “Pax Mongolia” Genghis Khan unites the Mongols During 1200, the Mongols of Central Asia established the world’s largest empire Conquered Central Asia, China, Russia
Their tactics of killing all the citizens of one city and sparing those in another created a psychological edge for the Mongols. Genghis Khan unites the Mongols Song Dynasty (960-1279) Reunited China and brought peace and prosperity
The Tang brought a Golden Age to China:
Conquered Korea and Manchuria
Reestablished government exams Tang Dynasty (618-907) After 300 plus years of decentralization China will re-merge as a strong centralized state The Tang and Song Dynasties of China Babur founded the Mughal Empire.
Akbar the Great conquered Muslim and Hindu states, uniting India.
Shah Jahan built the Taj Mahal.
Sikh religion emerges in India, combining beliefs from Hinduism & Islam. The Mughal Empire Empire included Eastern Europe, North Africa and the Middle East
For a while, cut off European trade w/ Asia and controlled trade in the Mediterranean Sea Rise of the Ottoman Empire Capital was at Istanbul (formerly Constantinople) in 1453
Ruled by the Sultan
Allowed Jews & Christians limited self-government Rise of the Ottoman Empire Japan’s society was closer to Feudal Europe than China.
Feudalism began in Japan as a result of nobles being allowed to pay less taxes and build up private armies. Feudal Japan Great advances made in architecture, sculpture and painting
Empress Wu Zhao built new capital at Chang’an
Were known for porcelain and creation of block printing
Knew value of trade and reestablished Silk Road Trade. Tang Dynasty (618-907) Both Tang and Song had a patriarchal society
Foot binding became popular practice during the Song Dynasty. Women in China Began using paper money
Taxes now could be paid in currency and not grain.
Ended forced labor which allowed farm production to increase.
Used compass to increase long distance trade Dynasties of China
For each Dynasty include the time period and important characteristics of each Overthrew the Mongols in China and established 300 years of peace
Built the Forbidden City in Beijing Ming Dynasty Society consisted of two classes
Scholar-Gentry (owned land, respected learning)
Sponsored exploration with Zheng He.
Traded silk and porcelain with Europe for silver and other goods using Indian Ocean. The Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) Established the Yuan Dynasty in China.
He adopted Chinese ways
Kublai Khan brought in administrators from Persia
Marco Polo visited and was impressed by the technological and financial superiority of the Chinese.
help launch the age of exploration in Europe. The Yuan Dynasty Warm Up Why was Constantinople so important? Warm Up Give two inventions from
Tang and Song China. Similarities Differences