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Growth Eastern Empires
Transcript of Growth Eastern Empires
greatest and longest empires of all time.
The Ottoman Empire was an Islamic empire
and it first started in Turkey. Through out this
circle you will learn more about this great
empire. Ming & Qing Mughal Empire Bo Feekins Cultural Studies-11 Flag Art & Music The people of the Ottoman Empire were very good and skilled at art, most of their art was made from their bare hands. The people of the Ottoman Empire loved to play and listen to music as we do in these modern times. They used some instruments that we still use today, such as the flute and some others. Music Instrument Peacock Plate Religion & Inventions The Ottoman Empire was an empire that was
Islamic, they believed in their god Allah. The
Ottoman Empire had conquered many other places in Europe, so they let people practice other religions, but they did have to pay an extra tax. The Ottoman empire had many inventions, but the greatest invention was the powerful steam engine, that Taqi al-Dins invented. Steam Engine Trade & Daily Life The people of the Ottoman Empire trade mostly through Istanbul. They used Caravan ships to carry silk, tea, spices, and other needed stuff. They also traded stuff at the Grand Bazaar in Istanbul. The people of the Ottoman empire practiced Islam, or sometimes other religions as well. The People were separated into different castes due to their rank in the empire. These are the different ranks, The highest rank was made of the Sultan and his family, and other top government officials. Below this class were the nobles, who were just a little behind the Sultan family. By far the largest class was the peasants who worked on farms. Istanbul Trade Bazaar Gate to Castle Government & Leaders Map Currency The Ottoman Empire was ruled by different people, but the most famous was Sultan. The Ottoman Empire was very strict with their people, most practiced Islam and spoke Persian. There were many rules in the Ottoman Empire and the government did not usually except rule breakers. The Ottoman empire had many famous soldiers, but one of the most famous was Suleiman the Magnificent. You will learn more about him in the next slide. Government Suleiman the Magnificent Suleiman the Magnificent was one of the greatest rulers of the Ottoman Empire, he ruled from 1520 to 1566. That was an amazing accomplishment for him, because rulers don't usually rule for that long of a time. Suleiman lead his army into many battles, he captured Belgrade, Rhodes and large areas of Iran. The empire was never as strong when Suleiman died but the Ottomans never stopped, and always kept in going until about the 1800s. Suleiman Holidays & Architecture Big Gates The Ottoman Empire had a lot of religious holidays, but some of the most famous were Muharram and Mawlid al-Nabi. These holidays were very important to the Ottoman Empire. Muharram is celebrated, because it is to celebrate Muhammad's return to Mecca. Mawlid al-Nabi is celebrated, because it celebrates the birthday of Muhammad. The Ottoman empire had many amazing buildings, they had very good architecture. They had amazing buildings such mosques, these are some of the most famous mosques Matthias Church, Church of the Acheiropoietos, and many more. Territorial Expansions Flag Territorial Expansions Currency Map The Mughal Empire was one of the greatest empires in all of Asia, the Mughal Empire ruled most of India and Pakistan, the Mughal Empire spoke Hindi. The Mughal ruled from the 16th to the 17th century. The Mughal Empire was a very successful empire in Asia. You will learn more about them in the following slides. Art & Music Daily Life & Trade Religion & Government Inventions & Architecture Holidays & Leaders Akbar & Shah Jahan The Mughal Empire was every skilled
at art, because of the Hindus and their
skill with art. The Mughal Empire paintings were of their emperors and nobles. The best art period was when M Padshanamth and the Khandan-i-Timura, where around. The people of the Mughal Empire were very skilled at music as they were at art. Trade Route The Mughal Empire people were separated into three classes: rich, middle class, and poor. Many of the Mughal people were Indians and they traded a lot in the Mughal Empire. People could have different jobs like merchants, industrialists, traders, and other professions. The Mughal Empire traded to various places such as China, Arabia, and many others, you can see most of them on the map. The Mughal Empire religion was Islam, they were all Muslims in the Mughal Empire. Although the Mughal Empire was Muslam they lived in an area filled with Hindus. The Mughal Empire had a strong Government, and they respected human rights, so they let people practice their own religions. The Mughal Empire Government, was probably at its strongest form when either Shah Jahan or Akbar ruled. Flag Flag Ming Qing Currency Some
Rulers In the Mughal Empire all the emperors
were good builders. One of the most famous buildings in Mughal history was the great Taj Mahal. One of the Mughal's inventions for Astronomy was the seamless celestial globe and about 20 others globes. One of the Mughal's best inventions was the auto cannon, which was one of the earliest gun. The Mughals had many leaders, such as
Shah Jahan and Akbar. You will learn about these leaders in the next slide. The Mughal Empire had a lot of religious holidays, but some of the most famous were Muharram and Mawlid al-Nabi. They had the same holidays as the Ottoman, because of there same religion. Akbar was one of the great Mughal emperors. He was also the third Emperor, ever! Akbar was a hero to the Mughals, because of his bravery and how he helped gain territorial space for them. Shah Jahan was another one of the greatest emperors. He was also the fifth emperor, ever! Shah was a hero to the Mughal's, because he built the Taj Mahal and many other famous sites. Government & Religion Art & Music Territorial Expansions Territorial Expansions Architecture & Inventions Daily Life & Trade Leaders & Holidays The Ming Dynasty was developed in 1271 and it declined in 1368. It started when a young boy/peasant, was brave enough to rise up against the Mongols. Later on, the rebel's finally beat the Mongols and that started the Ming Dynasty. The Qing Dynasty was ruled by the Manchu's the Qing used the same form of government as the Ming. Both dynasties ruled in China and both were very successful. The Ming & Qing Dynasty's were both very talented at art and music. The Qing Dynasty has three groups of artist the traditionalists, individualists, and courtiers. The Ming Dynasty had a special academy for Art. The Ming and Qing Dynasty were just as good at music with art. The Ming Dynasty started when a peasant
rose up against the Government, that started the Ming Dynasty. The Emperor was very autocratic meaning he took all the power. The Qing govrenment was ruled by the Manchu's, one of the weird things about the government was when under struggle they would kill someone. For both empires the religions were Taoism, Buddhism, and Christianity came to China. Here are some things the Ming invented encyclopedia in the world), excellent printing techniques, and the bristle toothbrush. Although the Qing didn't have the most best inventions they did have very good porcelain and pottery, meaning they built more stuff involving art, such as lacquer and jade . Some of the Ming greatest architecture was the forbidden city, it was probably one of the greatest structure ever. Which the Qing Dynasty also used, the city is separated into two parts, it is also called the purple city. the Yongle Encyclopedia (it was the first Most of the Chinese people in both dynasties were peasants, and that means they had to work a lot and they didn't have much money. Although when they did have something nice they had to give it to the Nobles. Of course the kings and nobles had an easy life. Both dynasties were very successful trading throughout the world, they trade things like porcelain & pottery. Both dynasties had very famous leaders, such as Zhu Yuang Zhang and Kang Xi. Both dynasties had chinese holidays, such as Chinese new year, Grave Sweeping and Full Moon festival. You will learn about some famous leaders in the next slide. Manchu's Zhu Yuang Zhang & Kang Xi Kang Xi was the second ever emperor for the Qing,
he took the throne when he was eight and he ruled
for 61 years. He made the country very rich and was very kind to his people. Zhu Yuang Zhang was the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty he also found it. He was poor as a child, and he helped bring the country together. Kang Xi Zhu Yuang Zhang Compare 1. Both Mughal & Ottoman are muslim and
both also let you practice another religion.
2. Both Ming & Qing are in China, and both have same religions.
3. All Empires have famous leaders/rulers, who had a great affect on the Empire.
4. All Empires were in Asia, and closes to Europe was the Ottoman. Contrast 1. The Ming & Qing were in China,
and the Ottoman & Mughal weren't.
2. The Ming & Qing were Chinese, and the Ottoman & Mughal were Persian.
3. All empires ruled during different times. Vocabulary Sect -a group of people put together by a doctrine
Elite-The best at something
Shiite-a person who believes in one of the two kinds of Islam
Sunnite-someone who follows Sunni
Shah-King or ruler
Ottoman- A piece of furniture
Civil Servants-a service worker
Suttee-a woman who burns herself at her husband’s funeral
Textiles-anything made by knitting, weaving and that.
Expeditions-trips or travels to somewhere
Kowtow-kneel touching your forehead to the ground.
Forbidden- something your not allowed to do
Stable-a barn for horses
Inland-the private part of a country Ottoman lira Mohur-Humayun Ming= Yuan Qing= Tael Language The Ming and Qing dynasty
spoke chinese both. Religion & Government Bibliography Ottoman Empire
MING & QING
MUSIC & ART
Kang Xi Zhu Yaung Zhang