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Radzyń Chełmiński - Monuments

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on 25 September 2016

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Transcript of Radzyń Chełmiński - Monuments

The monuments of Radzyń Chełmiński
The history
The castle was built at the turn of the thirteenth and fourteenth century. In castle’s heyday, it was the biggest and the most beautiful castle in region. This castle as the only resisted Jagiełło’s army, but unfortunately, castle has been conquested on 21st September 1410. In 1397 established there a company called “Jaszczurcze”. The castle was destroyed in wars by Polish knights and the Teutonic Order. However, the biggest destruction was made by Swedish knights in 1628. Soon, after 1772 the castle was regularly taking apart in order to raise bricks. In 1873 people began securing the castle’s ruins.

The building
The main castle has been designed on a square plan with square courtyard and 4 towers. In northwestern corner of the courtyard there was stand-alone, the fifth tower. This tower was the highest and the most difficult to conquest. The rooms in the castle were connected on courtyard’s side by brick cloisters. From the south there were chapel and refectory, from the east- a chapel-house and dormitory. From the north infirmary and the kitchen were situated, and from the west- the commander’s rooms. The representative rooms were as usual, located on the first floor. The second floor was occupied by storerooms and servants’ rooms. Above them was defensive porch with riffle ranges. The castle has got a cellar.
Until now, the south extension with 2 towers, a gate, refectory and a chapel-house is in the best condition.

Is it available for tourists nowadays?
Yes. You can visit our castle all the year round. The tickets cost:
*half price- 6 zloty (£1.10)
* full fare- 8 zloty (£1.47)


Information compiled by Aleksandra Junkier

St. Anna's Church
Teutonic Castle
The History
The Building
St Anna's Gothic church in Radzyń Chełmiński (Grudziądz district) arose in the first half of the 14th century. Later the church converted in the renaissance style. The bricks were richly ornamented with white blendes walls. Its construction began c 1310 yr and finished with the c 1600 yr. At the end the 16th century a Renaissance sepulchral chapel was built on Dąbrowskich for equipping among others perpendicular sculpture at first the 16th century, Renaissance gravestones of Jan Plemięcki and Jan Luzjański (from the 16th century), baroque images



This Gothic chapel which was a hospital earlier, was rebuilt in the 15th century, and renovated in 1851.
In Radzyń Chełmiński it is necessary to visit the Gothic St George graveyard chapel from the half of XIV century which has a XIX-century beam covered ceiling. The decoration of its interior is an example of rococo style.
St. George's Chapel
The temple was built and extended from about 1310 to about 1600. In the end the XVI century a Renaissance sepulchral chapel built on from the southern side stayed Dąbrowskich. About 1600 family Działyńskich built the sepulchral chapel on to the northern face of the nave. In years 1615 and the church surrendered to 1628 for burning, what the church partly was rebuilt in 1640, thanks to efforts of the district administrator of Radzyń Podlaski Mikołaj Wejhera all over. A renovated chapel stayed in 1673 Dąbrowskich. The church was revived also in years: 1680-1695 (total reconstruction), 1885 and 1892 (after destroying the tower by lightning). A wiring put on stayed in 1948, and in years replaced stained glass was 1980-1985. However in 1993 a reconstructed polychrome stayed in the chapel Dąbrowskich.

Information compiled by Krzysztof Skibiński

The Building


The temple was built and developed from about 1310 to about 1600. Around the year 1600 the family of Działyński rebuilt the northern wall of the burial chapel of the nave. Between 1615 and 1628 the Temple was burnt, and the Church was partly rebuilt in the year 1640, thanks to the efforts of the starost radzyńskiego Nicholas Wejher. In 1673 he was renewed part of Ciołek Chapel. The temple was renewed in years: 1680-1695 (total reconstruction), 1885 and 1892 (after the destruction of the tower by lightning). It was founded in 1948, the electrical installation, and from 1980 to 1985 listed stained-glass Windows. However, in 1993, was reconstructed in the chapel of the polychromy part of Ciołek.
Inside the temple there are wooden ceilings covered with polychrome-in the presbytery from around the year 1640 with a scene of the assumption of the Virgin Mary – probably the work of Bartholomew Strobel, court painter of Władysław IV Vasa. In the nave there is a polychrome ceiling before 1680. The baroque interior, Rococo and Classicist of the era from the late 17th to the early 19th century. You should also pay attention to the high-quality image of the coronation of Mary, painted by Stróbl in 1643. In the Church is a monument to Jan Długosz (1415 – 80) – historian and chronicler

The Legends


The Frog
The woman has fallen in love with one of the local monks. Their love was forbidden. The Monk had to go to Jerusalem to atone his sins. He promised to come back. She had to wait for him. He never came back and the nun died. The woman died while she was looking for him. In one of the windows of the castle from time to time you can see a ghost - the spirit of the nun. One day a daredevil – a local farmhand named Radek decided to save her. So he went to the witch for advice. She told him to lie down on the floor in a circle which he sholud draw with the holy chalk and lie quietly, no matter what happens. A lot has happened: first the army marched, then he saw wolves, bears and crocodiles. Next came the 460 deputies. Each tried to outshout the others. The boy was still lying. In the end, a big frog appeared and wanted to kiss him. This Radek couldn’t stand, because he was afraid of frogs very much. He got up quickly and ran away from the castle. The nun still frightens…


The Fortune
In 1410, the Polish army won a castle in Radzyń. The Poles won the fortune of the Teutonic Knights. King Wladyslaw Jagiello divided the treasure among the knights. This huge reverse amassed by the Knights served a long time for a new Polish crew of the castle. Von Jungingen's fortune as the only survivor. Someone took it away secretly to Prague. Four great horses pulled the treasure with difficulty.

The Dungeons
As one of the legends says, an underground tunnel connects the castle with the church. The entry to the dungeon would be in the now-defunct castle tower. The entry is probably covered by debris. Someone thought about its being. The tunnel hides secrets that no one will guess.

The Moans
In the basement of the castle there were dungeons where Teutonic Knights were detaining prisoners. The Order of Teutonic Knight announced unfair adjudications. That hurt the local population. People lived there in very bad conditions. Probably, their moans could be heard long after the Teutonic Knights had left the castle. And maybe you can hear them today...?



A Wheel with Eight Spokes
The branch of the Herman von Balk’s Knights came to Radzyn. They stopped on a hill, on a south borough. From this hill, called Wygon, he looked at three boroughs and decided that he would build a castle in the northern borough, which was to receive the name of "Raden". And so it happened. Then a wheel with eight spokes was carved on the stone as a symbol of a new castle town. Knights from Radzyn used a similar sign as a seal.


Legends compiled by Martyna Lubowiecka and Karolina Hejankowska
cellar-loch
bailey-mur obronny
meus-dziedziniec
moat-fosa
tower-wieża
castle-zamek
altar-ołtarz
choir-chór
belfry-dzwonnica
ambo-ambona

hassock-klęcznik

confessional-konfesjonał
chapel-kaplica
sculpture-rzeźba
church-kościół
nave-nawa
Vocabulary
Full transcript