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SATI

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by

Udane Ibarzabal

on 20 December 2014

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Transcript of SATI

SATI
Other brutal abuses to women
MARRY HIS BROTHER
Sati
SECLUSION
Survivals
WIDOWS
Sati is the practice among some Hindu communities by which a recently widowed woman either voluntarily or by use of force or coercion commits suicide as a result of her husband's death.






The best known form of sati is when a woman burns to death on her husband's funeral pyre.
SATI GODDESS

SHE IMMOLATED HERSELF
Historical
background
and legal
framework

East India Company’s rule

“This Custom tho' shocking to humanity we still allow in consequence of the revenue it brings in, which is of importance. I have also private reasons for not suppressing the burning system immediately. Why my Lord, with a view to economy under existing circumstances it might be imprudent to press the measure at present. Besides I think I feel also the private motives which actuates your Lordship.”
This woman with other women in Hindu -> symbolized the truthful Indian wife who would do everything for their husband.
Roop Kanwar’s site of the Sati. Deorala (Rajasthan) 1987. The Hindu’s newspaper archive.

th
century
Roop Kanwar and her husband. India Today’s archives, 1987
The instances of Sati were marked by inscribed memorial stones
There are different theories about the origins of Sati
Rajasthan Government’s response to Deorala’s Sati event. 1987-1988

Sati began with a jealous queen -> who demanded to be burnt on her dead husband's pyre and so to arrive with him to heaven
st
century
Sati still
TODAY?
Marina Arbe
Udane Ibarzabal
Yera Marcos
Miriam Navas
Sergio Rodríguez
POLEMIC DEBATE
After the Roop Kanwar´s case
Attempt to “civilize” the “savage” rural Indian traditions from the urban areas
Critic against urban intellectuals and women activists
Opposition of the Rajput
groups
Nationalism treathened

A key example: The region of

WHERE?
Rajasthan
The ancient Scripture (Parashar Sanhita) describes that, she who follows her husband in death dwells in heaven
WHY?
“Since Indian independence in 1947, there have been 26 incidents of sati in Rajasthan.” BBC news. Thursday, 28 November, 2002

2 main reasons

The rural and traditional background of the area

The ancient and still present legacy of the Rajputs
But nowadays, the key reason for this practise is economic


Fighters against widow's misery
Raja Rammohan Roy
(1772-1833)





Indira Gandhi
(1917-1984)

Vidyasagar (1820-1891)
Refusal
chances
In life a woman is half her husband and if he dies, she is half dead
Enters an ashram
Shaves her head
Does not wear jewelry
Wears white
Sari
as a sign of mourning
Atone for her husband's death
Eat once a day
DE-SEXED
40.000 million
Vulnerable
POVERTY
No value
REMARRIAGE
exceptions
Widows
without
children
Poor
family
Elder
widowers
Older
widows
Life abuse
Remarry
CONCLUSIONS
Sati is another form of gender-based discrimination against women
and one of the most brutal and evil ones
The weakness of the government to maintain the practice under control is the biggest obstacle
Although the polemic between tradition and modernization has been largely discussed
,
the conflict is still open
TO DISCUSS
How would you eradicate completely these kind of practices from the Indian culture?
What measures would you take?
So, after all that have been discussed, which is the real background?
religion, culture or economic interest?
Full transcript