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Transcript of HUMANISM
Where did it come from?
The Truths of Humanism
A system of thought that rejects religious beliefs and centers on humans and their values, capacities, and worth.
What is Humanism?
Humanism is one of the many branches of psychology that try to explain how, and why we
work. Humanism relies on the thought belief that there are no gods, or powerful beings that dictate our lives. With humanism we are in control and we decide our own fate through our actions. Humanism, in stark contrast to other psychology theories before it, gives a little credit to our brains ability to make choices based on more than just "If we stopped breastfeeding to soon". In short, humanism promotes free will.
#1. Human beings, as human, supersede the sum of their parts. They cannot be reduced to components.
#2. Human beings have their existence in a uniquely human context, as well as in a cosmic ecology.
#3. Human beings are aware and are aware of being aware - i.e., they are conscious. Human consciousness always includes an awareness of oneself in the context of other people.
#4. Human beings have some choice and, with that, responsibility.
#5.Human beings are intentional, aim at goals, are aware that they cause future events, and seek meaning, value, and creativity.
Written by James Bugental in 1964
The Core Principals
The theory of humanism was created in the 1950's by
a group of psychologist, mainly Abraham Maslow, and Carl Rogers. Creators and followers of humanism were not happy with Psychoanalysis and Behaviorism as they were both very pessimistic, and failed to acknowledge the choices our brain makes.
January 8, 1902 – February 4, 1987
Considered one of the founding fathers of Humanism
He used a "Person centered" approach to his research which is found still used around the world in psychotherapy and counseling
He received the Award for Distinguished Professional Contributions to Psychology by the APA in 1972
He was nominated for a Nobel Peace Prize towards the end of his life
April 1, 1908 – June 8, 1970
Created " Maslow's hierarchy of needs"
Was a professor at Brandeis University, Brooklyn College, New School for Social Research and Columbia University.
Liked to focus on the positives of humans
Humanism is not a school of psychology that can be studied using traditional methods like experiments on monkeys. Instead, most of the research done on subjects was diary accounts, open-ended questionnaires, unstructured interviews and observations were the main ways that humanism was used in studying people. All in all it is pretty chill.
McLeod, S. A. (2007). Humanism - Simply Psychology. Retrieved from http://www.simplypsychology.org/humanistic.html
Today, humanism is used in therapy and counseling to better understand people and their problems. There is also a Humanist Canada group that preaches the fundamental theories of humanism, this is their website: http://humanistcanada.ca/content/all-about-humanism
Humanism is not very scientifically sound, it is based on very little hard scientific research, and in turn, it is therefore generally not taught in schools. However it is still used to help understand people, their thoughts, and emotions, and in that sense it has been very useful to psychology as a whole.
Not Humanism Research!
Is Humanism Research!