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Machiavelli

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Jellay Mitchell

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Machiavelli

Thank You!

http://people.brandeis.edu/~teuber/machiavellibio.html#PersonalInformation
http://www.philosophypages.com/ph/macv.htm
http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/machiavelli/#4
http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/machiavelli.html
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/354571/Niccolo-Machiavelli
Google Images
Bibliography:
From this, it’s fair to assume that Machiavelli would have supported Gay rights even though he was outwardly catholic
This act of being catholic most likely then, goes back to Machiavelli’s ideal that personal and private morals were different, and meant to stay so
Machiavelli on Homosexuality
Quotes
-Public law is an image of our society, not a natural state. It is there to maintain the appearance of value in justice when justice actually equals power
-The most important principle in society is to have a strong leader
-This leader should be able to work outside of the law to hold the most power over it’s subjects
-This is the reason for laws like those in the magna carta limiting the power of a ruler in favour of a democratic government
Influence on modern-day politics and law
-Many politicians  believe the ends justify the means they use  in their own  ideological pursuits.  They may not call this Machiavellian, but clearly it  fits  his idea of virtue. They often abuse the loopholes in substantive laws that apply to their position
-Saying one thing and doing another is second nature to most successful politicians. For example, promising not to raise taxes can get you elected president, but don't break that promise until your second term. 
-Being loved is great, but fear has worked well for other countries (USSR)
Influence on modern-day politics and law
-Machiavelli is most famous for a short political treatise, The Prince, written in 1513 but not published until 1532,
-To retain power, the hereditary prince must carefully maintain the socio-political institutions to which the people are accustomed
a new prince has the more difficult task in ruling, since he must first stabilize his new-found power in order to build an enduring political structure.
-He said that social benefits of stability and security could be achieved in the face of moral corruption.
-Machiavelli believed that public and private morality had to be understood as two different things in order to rule well.
-A ruler must be concerned not only with reputation, but also positively willing to act immorally at the right times.
The Prince
-No moral basis on which to judge the difference between legitimate and illegitimate uses of power
-The notion of legitimate rights of rulership adds nothing to the actual possession of power
-Studied the way people lived and aimed to inform leaders how they should rule, and live
Machiavelli views misery as one of the vices that enables a prince to rule
Ideals
-Age 29 when elected as head of the second chancery (this is the youngest possible age for the position and also extremely uncommon)
-The second chancery was in charge of internal affairs: a department of government, used by many countries for a national agency with jurisdiction in domestic issues
Political Career
Jellay Mitchell – CLN4U
Niccolò Machiavelli
Dell'Arte della Guerra (1519–1520) — The Art of War, high military science.
Discorso sopra il riformare lo stato di Firenze (1520) — A discourse about the reforming of Florence.
Sommario delle cose della citta di Lucca (1520) — A summary of the affairs of the city of Lucca.
The Life of Castruccio Castracani of Lucca (1520) — Vita di Castruccio Castracani da Lucca, a short biography.
Istorie Florentine (1520–1525) — Florentine Histories, an eight-volume history book of the city-state, Florence, commissioned by Giulio di Giuliano de' Medici, later Pope Clement VII.
Discorso sopra le cose di Pisa (1499)
Del modo di trattare i popoli della Valdichiana ribellati (1502)
Del modo tenuto dal duca Valentino nell' ammazzare Vitellozzo Vitelli, Oliverotto da Fermo, etc. (1502) — A Description of the Methods Adopted by the Duke Valentino when Murdering Vitellozzo Vitelli, Oliverotto da Fermo, the Signor Pagolo, and the Duke di Gravina Orsini
Discorso sopra la provisione del danaro (1502) — A discourse about the provision of money.
Ritratti delle cose di Francia (1510) — Portrait of the affairs of France.
Ritracto delle cose della Magna (1508–1512) - Portrait of the affairs of Germany.
Other Political-Philosophical works
-Public and private morality had to be understood as two different things in order to rule well
-A ruler must be concerned not only with reputation but also positively willing to act immorally at the right times
-While fear of God can be replaced by fear of the prince if there was a strong enough prince
-Christianity was what makes men weak and inactive delivering politics into the hands of cruel and wicked men without a fight would cause downfall
Ideals
-Machiavelli stated that it would be best to be both loved and feared. Since the two rarely come together, anyone made to choose should choose being feared because it gives greater security
-To retain power the hereditary prince must maintain socio-political instructions to which citizens are accustomed
-A new prince has the more difficult task in ruling, he must first stabilize his new-found power in order to build an enduring political structure
Ideals
-The same year he became secretary of the dieci di libertà e pace (The departments of war and the interior). They sent their own ambassadors to foreign powers, transacted business with the cities of the Florentine domain, and controlled the military establishment of the commonwealth.
-Removed from office, jailed, and tortured by the Medici family when Spanish forces invaded Italy in 1512
-In 1520 he was appointed official historian of Florence
Political Career
“When in jest we were speaking about you, how you so abounded in charm, sometimes to laugh when you were present, Ripa added that there was no way you could stay in France without grave danger, since sodomites and homosexuals are stringently prosecuted there.” –Machiavelli’s friend Agostino Vespucci.
In Machiavelli’s time “sodomy” (the term for homosexual relations) was a crime punishable by burning at the stake so no man would have admitted to it.
There are letters though, between Machiavelli and a friend implying that he was Gay
Machiavelli on Homosexuality
-Born May 3, 1469
Died June 21, 1527
Florence Italy
-Renaissance political philosopher and statesman (Politician)
-Has been called the father of modern political theory
-Came from an upper-middleclass, land-owning family
-Trained in Law instead of taking over from his father’s real-estate properties
Early life
This is an example of Machiavelli's influence on our development of Procedural law.
Jurisprudence: The philosophy that grounds and influences law
Positive Law: all laws are meant to better society. The natural state is chaotic and law is meant to correct.
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