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Special Education

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Naomi Leigh

on 23 July 2015

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Transcript of Special Education

Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
No Child Left Behind
(NCLB)
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)
Signed into law in 1975
Known as the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
Brief History of Special Education
Before 1940
People with disabilities were thought to be unable to learn
Excluded from society (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
1940 - 1970
Society begins to change attitudes toward people with disabilities (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
Civil Rights Movement
1970's - Present
More court cases than ever before.
Many new laws passed
Inclusive classrooms (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
Special Education
Yesterday & Today

IDEA
IDEA mandated the following:
Free and appropriate public education (FAPE) for all students with disabilities
Due process rights
Evaluation of students for special education (IDEA & NCLB, 2011).
Civil Rights Movement
The Civil Rights Movement was the push that changed the way special education students were educated (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).

As the movement continued so did the uprising of the parents advocating for their children (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 supported those providing education to students with disabilities in regular schools (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
Elementary
& Secondary Education Act (ESEA)
ESEA immediately followed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
Original title for No Child Left Behind (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
Amendments to ESEA provided the first real federal funding for children with disabilities.
ESEA provided for discretionary programs (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act (FERPA)
Parents and students over 18 are given access to academic files (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
Parents are able to request changes to records - inaccuracies (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
Written permission must be given to release any personal information regarding child (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).

No Child Left Behind (NCLB)

Signed into law in 2002
Previously known as Elementary and Secondary Act (reauthorized) (IDEA & NCLB, 2011).
NCLB
Schools and teachers are responsible for the academic achievement of all students (IDEA & NCLB, 2011).

Proficient level of academic achievement must be met by all students, including special education students (IDEA & NCLB, 2011).

NCLB
Raised the expectations for schools.

Schools must show adequate yearly progress (AYP) (Cortiellia).




Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP)
AYP is a diagnostic tool used to measure student achievement and performance.
This tool is used to determine the efficiency of a school (Cortiellia)
Highly Qualified Teachers
NCLB mandated that elementary and secondary teachers must be highly qualified in their core content area (Cortiellia).
Requirements of
Highly Qualified Teachers
full state certification
a bachelor's degree
demonstrated competence in subject knowledge and teaching
"A teacher must demonstrate content knowledge and pedagogy competency by passing state tests that assess subject knowledge and teaching skills in reading, writing, math, and other areas of basic early childhood or elementary school curriculum."
Before 1940

January 1, 1896
RI opened the first public special education class in the United States (Norton)
July 22, 1922
Council for the Education of Exceptional Children founded (Norton)
March 4, 1933
Franklin Delano Roosevelt - first American president elected with a disability (Norton)
1940 - 1970
October 1, 1950
The National Association for Retarded Citizens (ARC) founded (Norton)
February 2, 1954
Brown v. Board of Education
Determined that separate schooling was not equal, black students would be able to attend "white only" schools. (Norton)
July 2, 1964
Civil Rights Act

1970's - Present Day
December 21, 1971
Mills vs. Board of Education of D.C.
Established that all students regardless of disability are protected under the law (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
January 15, 1975
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
All public schools receiving federal funding must provide equal access for all children (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).
July 26, 1990
Americans with Disabilities Act
Prohibits discrimination because of disability
January 8, 2002
No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
Federal law passed to hold primary and secondary schools accountable to higher standards (A Brief History of Special Education, 2011).


References
(n.d.). Retrieved from website: http://www2.ed.gov/nclb/methods/teachers/hqtflexibility.html

A Brief History of Special Education. (2011). Retrieved February 1, 2014 from https://lc.gcu.edu/learningPlatform/user/users.html?operation=home&classId=8726c280-23c3-4b23-8ae2-27b47ad4e2e7#/learningPlatform/course/course.html?operation=viewSyllabus&courseId=5b07242e-93dc-45af-95c6-77f0f2a2f878&
Cortiellia, C. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.greatschools.org/special-education/legal-rights/856-NCLB-learnigdisabilities-opportunities-and-obstacles.gz

IDEA and NCLB. (2011). Retrieved February 1, 2014 from https://lc.gcu.edu/learningPlatform/user/users.html?operation=home&classId=8726c280-23c3-4b23-8ae2-27b47ad4e2e7#/learningPlatform/course/course.html?operation=viewSyllabus&courseId=5b07242e-93dc-45af-95c6-77f0f2a2f878&

Norton, D. (n.d.). History of special education laws and litigation . Retrieved from http://www.timetoast.com/timelines/history-of-special-education-laws-and-litigation
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