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The Huang-He River Valley Civilization
Transcript of The Huang-He River Valley Civilization
The ancient Chinese had an interest in music
Art was made with entricate and delicate designs
Ceramics became popular during the Shang Dynasty
Prized materials were Jade and Bronze. Bronze was used for pots, weapons, bells, and other items. Iron was eventually used as well.
The architecture wasn't elaborate compared to other great civilizations due to poor materials.
Developed a secret method of making silk cloth from silkworms.
Developed paper and the water wheel which could be used to ground grain.
The first examples of Chinese writing was found on oracle bones
Oracle bones are bones/tortoise shells related to divination which were written on and used by the Ancient Chinese as records of activity
The Zhon literature consisted of 4 books .
"Book of History" is the actual history of the Zhou.
"Book of Change" is the manual of diviners.
"Book of Rites" is the tules of Etiquette and rituals for the aristocrats.
"Book of Songs" tells about the condition of early Zhou.
The father of the household decided how much education his children would receive
Had an elaborate idea of their distant origins
Breakthrough in astronomy ARTS AND SCIENCES The Huang-He civilization was ruled by emperors that belonged to special dynasties
emperors were chosen based on military power and religion. The rulers had constant rule over the people, economy, and trade in the kingdom.
rulers were chosen by “mandate of heaven”.
belief that the power of ruling the kingdom was given by the gods to a single person.
The position could be lost or gained and was completely flexible.
The Zhou Dynasty ruled lands through feudalism.
Feudalism is a system where nobles were granted land owned by the king, and in return the kings obtained loyalty and military assistance.
caused rifts with the king and nobles became more powerful and soon were as powerful as the emperor.
Nobles became less dependent on the king for land and wealth
They created fights and wars between their neighbors for property and riches.
empire was ruled in an autocratic fashion.
emperor had total power and delivered harsh punishments if rules were broken, or not obeyed Political Structure and Government Family/Kinship
Family was essential to Chinese society.
As a child respecting one’s elders and parents were the most important virtues .
chief loyalty was helping, respecting, and obeying family.
Men were allowed to do most rituals and were the only people of the family to give the religious rights and offerings to the elders.
Women were treated as inferiors and were responsible for house cleaning, sewing, cooking and wine making, and raising the children.
Women were expected to obey their fathers, brothers, husbands, and even their own sons,.
Young women, ages 13-16, had their marriages arranged and could only improve her social status by bearing sons to her new family.
divided into strict social classes.
Social classes began in the Shang Dynasty and drew a sharp line between peasants and nobles.
The Shang itself was ruled by an elite group of warriors who, in turn, were ruled by the emperor.
Nobles owned land and governed the scattered villages,
Peasants were lowly farmers who did not have even proper farming tools.
Nobles could afford to spend money on mansions, gold and silver statues, and priceless paintings
Majority of the peasants lived on scraps from the table of the rich. They could only afford worn through blankets, bone tools, and stone utensils.
They lived below ground in order for the fertile land to be used for the upper class Huang-He Social Structure Commerce/Trade
The silk traders were widely respected and were spread around the world.
The valley’s interest in trading became more elaborate by using roads called silk trader trails.
The Silk road was the major path that led people from the west to the Orientals. Interactions in the Huang-He Valley In the Huang-He river valley civilization agriculture was vase in the region the land was very fertile. They were very advance for their time being when it came to regulating their crops. They regulated their wheat, millet, rice, grapes, peaches, green onions, and ginger roots and many of their animals were domesticated. The peasants and slaves were the main source of manual labor in the civilization and were treated horribly. As peopled started to specialize the jewlers and jade workers lived luxuary lives because of the demand for their jobs. Makers of silk had the most wealth just under the Shang rulers and jobs contributed a lot to the economy of the Huang-He river valley. Economic In the early Huang-He river valley in China religion was polytheistic. Their religion revolved around the fact that they believed their ancestors lived in a spirit work and could cause them either good or bad luck. Like the Egyptians they believed that there was life after death so after someone died they were buried them with anything they might need in the afterlife. With more free time on their hands they started to wonder how they came to be on Earth. A very popular belief in in the Huang-He river valley was that there was a mystical creature named P’an Ku. They believed that P’an Ku was born from the “cosmic egg” and that his body lice became the humans. Religion The huang- he is the worlds 6th largest river at 3,395 miles . The source of the huang-he is Kulun mountains , located in western China.
- HUang-he translates to Yellow River , the name given after the actual color of the silts that are carried downstream in its flow .
- The early Chinese civilization migrated and settled on the Banks of the Huang-He. The river has been a source of life and death. in the form new soil and floods.
Overall, the Chinese were one of the most advanced civilizations for the time period. They invented several items that are still used today, such as the water wheel, paper, and creating silk cloth. Silk was one of their biggest items for trade. They were one of the first to have a dynasty for a government. SUMMARY: Nature