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on 5 December 2013

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Transcript of FAMILY

What Do You Think?
Family Dynamics
Mate Selection: Societal Rules and Intimate Choices
Institution of Family
"Family" as an institution varies from one society to another.
Identify a number of functions families typically perform and how family stabilizes society.
Argues that conflict in family is natural and inevitable.
Emphasize that families reinforce and rejuvenate their bonds through symbolic mechanisms of rituals.
What Is A Family?
Who defines what a family is?
Many groups define family differently. Lets take a look at some of these definitions of family.
Sociological Definition
-Two or more people sharing a residence for a substantial amount of time that have legal or moral responsibilities for a long period of time
Government Definition
- a group of two or more people (one being the householder) related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together
Religious Groups
- some would say a mother, father and their children are what make a family. Other religious groups may include several spouses and even parents and siblings living under one roof as the definition of family.
Rational Choice
We look at the costs and rewards of engaging in interaction with others to satisfy our needs.
Sexual Regulation
Reproduction and Replacement
Emotional Support and Protection
Status Assignment
Economic Support
Sees the importance of conflict by forcing negotiation.
Feminist Theory
Argue that patterns of patriarchy and dominance lead to inequalities for women.
Types of Marriages
Extended and Nuclear Families
-when a man or woman has more than one spouse
Types of Marriages
-marriage of two people
Extended Families:
includes two or more adult generations that share tasks and living quarters
Adult mother and daughter live in same house
Grandpa lives in home with family
Nuclear Families :
consists of two parents and their children
Family of Orientation-
this is the family you are born and raised in. This family consists of parent/parents and possibly siblings.
Family Of Procreation:
This is established when we find a life mate and/or have our own children.
I am a "clean freak" and expect my kids to keep a clean and tidy room. I learned this behavior from my mother when I was growing up.
Examples: If a man grows up with a father who would rather have his wife stay at home with the kids instead of working, he may also pick up on this idea and use it in his own family.
Example: A woman being abused in a relationship may stay in that environment if she thinks the cost of leaving that situation (single parent, economic, religious beliefs) would be too great.
Six functions of family that help stabilize society
: a norm that requires someone to marry OUTSIDE of their own immediate group.
We should not marry anyone from our immediate family (father-daughter, mother-son, brother-sister). The marrying of first cousins is also forbiddin in half of the U.S. and some other countries.
In other parts of the world it is encouraged to marry first cousins to solidify family ties.
a norm requiring someone to marry inside certain boundaries
These norms require someone to select mates of the same race, religion, social class, ethnic background, or clan.
This results in less diversification, but protection of the minority identity.
How Do We Find A Mate?
Arranged Marriages
: someone other than the couple choose the marital partners. Mates are usually selected by elder males, matchmakers or parents.
Free-Choice Marriages
: partners select eachother based primarily on romance and love
The 3 Stage Process of Dating

: Something about another person makes us take notice of them (appearance, voice, dress, sense of humor).
2. Value Compariso
n: As we get to know that person, we try and evaluate the compatibility with that person. If they affirm our values and beliefs, they pass.
3. Roles and Need Stage
: We explore the roles of companion, lover, housekeeper, parent. We look for common interests, needs and activities. The more complimentory, the more desire for a permanent relationship
Decision Making in Marriage
- male authority (most common)
-power shared between spouses
-femail authority (least common)
Resource Theory
- the spouse with the greater resources (income or education) has the greater power.
Whose Job Is It?
National and Global Issues
: living together in a sexual relationship without marriage
Same-Sex Relationships and Civil Unions
: a legally recognized union of a same-sex couple, with rights similar to a marriage.
: The legal dissolution of a marriage by a court.
The Painful Side Of Family LIfe - How Divorce Affects The Family
Reasons For Divorce
Economic problems
Domestic abuse
People change over time
War (being away from home)
Social Consequences of Divorce
Adjustment to divorced status
Limited support
Leaving children behind
Children and Divorce
Lives are turned upside down
Adjustment depends on age of children
Key to well adjusted kids of divorce depends on the post divorce relationships
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