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Stroke:The Deadly Disease

Health project

Manraj Grewal

on 16 December 2013

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Transcript of Stroke:The Deadly Disease

What is a Stroke ?
Stroke is a disease which disrupts the normal blood flow towards the brain. Usually this happens to the elderly (kids don't typically get strokes). If something has stopped the blood flow to your brain it would be very dangerous since oxygen is carried in our blood and without oxygen our brain cells would die. If a blood vessel gets clogged or it pops (which would flood the brain with blood) you would have a stroke since your blood cells are dieing. There are two main types of strokes: ischemic and hemorrhagic.

Foods to Avoid
Ischemic Stroke
Hemorrhagic Stroke
Hemorrhagic strokes occur when blood from a weak or thin blood vessel that bursts out and kills brain cells which affects how the brain functions. High blood pressure weakens the walls of blood vessels which makes the hemorrhagic stroke to be much more likely to happen since the blood vessels are much weaker and makes it easier to burst.
Stroke: The Deadly Disease
Ischemic stroke takes affect when a blood vessel traveling to the brain get's stuck so it can't get to it's destination. It's the most common type of stroke. Blood clots (a bunch of blood that sticks to each other) are usually why ischemic strokes are caused. Another way it can be caused is when arteries become narrow and when they have plaque (a mixture of cholesterol and other fatty substances) stuck to the walls of blood vessels.
Ways To Prevent Stroke
Somethings that increase your chances of getting a stroke are:
-High blood pressure (hypertension)
-High blood cholesterol
-Atrial fibrillation
-Excessive alcohol consumption
-Physical inactivity
Try to prevent these things if you wish to decrease your risk of getting stroke.
Risk Factors that can't
be prevented
-Family History
-History of stroke or TIA There are treatments to stop and/or prevent another stroke
The Treatments
Tpa is a clot buster which stops ischemic strokes by breaking up a clot to let blood flow to the brain cells.
Surgery is required to fix damage done to the brain or prevent stroke. It may be used to remove blood after a hemorrhagic stroke or repair blood vessels that may have bursted.
Source: http://www.heartandstroke.com/site/c.ikI
Living with stroke
When recovering from a stroke you may have trouble swallowing food (dysphagia). So you should eat pureed, mashed or minced foods.

Exercising with Stroke
When recovering from a stroke you will not be able to able to exercise immediately. You'll have trouble walking, getting up from your chair or other physical activities. The cause is loss of strength, feeling, coordination and balance, most of the time it's on one side of the body. You sould exercise in place (bending, stretching and standing on your toes.
Spicy or highly seasoned foods
Citrus fruits and juices
Drinks with caffeine(coffee)
Peppermint or spearmint
High fat, fried foods
Barriers Of Having Stroke
Having stroke comes with it's own barriers, such as not being able to play sports. Most physical activities can not be done when recovering from stroke. Most people go back to driving after a month or so of recovering, but some people may never drive again after having stroke.
Source: google images
The symptoms of a stroke are:
Weakness- sudden loss of strenth or sudden numbness in the face arm of leg. (even if temporary call 9-1-1)
Trouble speaking- sudden difficulty speaking or understanding or sudden confusion. (even if temporary call 9-1-1)
Vision problems- sudden bluryness of blackout. (even if temporary call 9-1-1)
Dizziness- sudden loss of balance, especially with any of the above signs.

source: http://www.heartandstroke.com/site/c.ikIQLcMWJtE/b.3483937/k.ED98/Stroke__Stroke_Warning_Signs.htm
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