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Inventors of the 1500-1815
Transcript of Inventors of the 1500-1815
and how we live today Early Age Inventors Bi Sheng Large letter pieces that where made in clay, wood, bronze and than metal.
More faster to make papers instead of hand writing it and it cost cheaper to make and less time.
At first he sawed wood into small pieces, and then lettered every small piece of wood to make movable Chinese characters. According to what characters an article needed, he arranged the needed characters on an iron board. After printing , all these characters could be reused. Roger Bacon English Philosopher and Franciscan friar who placed considerable emphasis on the study of nature through empirical methods.
Invented the gun powder formula in 1249. Breech-loading Swivel Gun A breech-loading swivel gun, called a "Perrier à boîte"
in French, in wrought iron, 1410.
Length: 72 cm
Caliber: 38 mm
Weight: 41.190 kg. Several chambers for a high rate of fire,
and loaded with gunpowder and projectiles. Used by many countries in Europe, Asia
and also in Africa. Johannes Gensfleisch zur Laden
zum Gutenberg Born in 1398 in Germany and died on February 3rd, 1468.
He was an inventor, engraver and printer. Invented the movable type printing which started the printing revolution.
The movable type printing played a key role in the development of the Renaissance, Reformation, the Age of Enlightenment and the Scientific Revolution.
Was able to print pages faster and cheaper and allowed people to not have to write books as much instead they could type it on the printing press. Movable Type Printing Inventors In The Renaissance Leonardo Da Vinci
(1452-1519) He was a painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer.
He was known as the Renaissance Man for his intelligence.
Leonardo invented a lot of Inventions that helped develop society today. Designed for pure intimidation, Da Vinci’s crossbow
was to measure 27 yards across. The device would have
six wheels (three on each side) for mobility, and the bow
itself would be made of thin wood for flexibility. More faster and efficient
and easier to use. Da Vinci's Giant Crossbow Da Vinci's
Anemometer The anemometer is an instrument that is used for measuring the speed of wind.
The device could also be used to give people insight into the direction of the wind before attempting flight.
Da Vinci's design was an arched frame with a rectangular piece of wood hanging in the center by a hinge.
When the wind blows, it raises the piece of wood inside the arched frame. Printed on the frame would be a scale. By noting the highest point that the wood reached on the scale, a person could measure the force of the wind. The helicopter measured more than 15 feet in diameter and was made from reed, linen and wire.
It was to be powered by four men standing on a central platform turning cranks to rotate the shaft.
With enough rotation, Da Vinci believed the invention would lift off the ground. Unfortunately, due to weight constrictions, modern scientists do not believe Da Vinci’s invention would have been able to take flight. Aerial Screw (Helicopter) Flying Machine The machine exceeded 33 feet, and the frame was to be made of pine covered in raw silk to create a light but sturdy membrane.
The pilot would lie face down in the center of the invention on a board. To power the wings, the pilot would pedal a crank connected to a rod-and-pulley system. The machine also had a hand crank for increased energy output, and a head piece for steering. As the busy pilot spins cranks with his hands and feet, the wings of the machine flap. Barthélemy Thimonnier He was born on August 19, 1793 in L'Arbresle, Rhône.
Died on July 5, 1857 in Amplepuis.
Invented the first sewing machine.
In 1829, he invented the sewing machine and in 1830 he signed a contract with Auguste Ferrand, a mining engineer, who made the requisite drawings and submitted a patent application. The patent for his machine was issued on 17 July 1830 in the names of both men, supported by the French government. Sewing Machine Sewing Machine The machine is made of wood
and uses a barbed needle which
passes downward through the cloth
to grab the thread and pull it up to
form a loop to be locked by the next loop. Impact on society
and how we live today Leonardo Da Vinci's Swivel Gun, Flying machines, Aerial Screw, Anemometer and Giant Crossbow made a big impact on society and in the Renaissance. the reason why is because it revolutionized war between countries. Also, some of his other inventions helped war also. Such as the 33 Barrel Organ,Armour ed Tank, Clock, Parachute, Scuba Gear. Leonardo Da Vinci's impact on society 33 Barrel Organ Armored Tank To put away any initial confusion – Leonardo da Vinci did not invent the clock.
While clocks that showed hours and minutes had become increasingly accurate in da Vinci’s time (the 15th century), they didn’t really make a big leap forward until the incorporation of the pendulum about 200 years later. Pocket Clock Designed scuba gear for sneak attacks on enemy ships from underwater.
Leather diving suit was equipped with a bag-like mask that went over the diver’s head. Attached to the mask around the nose area were two cane tubes that led up to a cork diving bell floating on the surface.
Air was provided from the opening of the tubes to the diver below. The mask also was equipped with a valve-operated balloon that could be inflated or deflated, so the diver could more easily surface or sink. Scuba Gear Parachute Work Cited http://www.da-vinci-inventions.com/davinci-inventions.aspx
http://www.chinaculture.org/gb/en_madeinchina/2005-06/28/content_70176.htm By: Azar Balkissoon 1505 1498 Santa Maria delle Grazie Milan Louvre 1508 Louvre Lived in China's capital of Bianliang during the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127).
He invented the movable type printing in 1045 in China.
He invented it on the basis of reforming the engraving type. History of Bi Sheng Movable Type Printing History of Roger Bacon Born on 1214 in Ilchester, Somerset, England and died on 1294 at the age of 80.
He was a friar and a scholar and his religious view were Roman Catholic.
He was also called Doctor Mirabilis which means "Wonderful Teacher."
Bacon studied at Oxford and may have been a disciple of Grosseteste. He became a master at Oxford, lecturing on Aristotle.
He began to lecture at the university of Paris. 33-barreled organ, is a gun that featured 33 small-caliber guns connected together. The canons were divided into three rows of 11 guns each.All guns were connected to a single revolving platform and attached to the sides of the platform were two large wheels that allowed it to move. But, in 2000, daredevil Adrian Nichols constructed a prototype based on da Vinci’s design and tested it. Despite skepticism from experts, da Vinci’s design worked as intended and Nichols even noted that it had a smoother ride than the modern parachute. Capable of moving in any direction and was equipped with a large number of weapons. The most famous of da Vinci’s war machines, the armored car was designed to intimidate and scatter an opposing army. The motion of the machine was to be powered by eight men inside of the tank who would constantly turn cranks to spin the wheels.