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Iran Internet Censorship

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by

eric n

on 15 November 2013

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Transcript of Iran Internet Censorship

ISP's must register with gov't
Websites obtain license from TCI
Blogs register with Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance
Further screened by Working Group for Determining Criminal Content and Supreme Council for Cyberspace
Iran's Internet Censorship
By Eric Newman, Gabe Bernstein, Luke D'Alessandro
Classifications
Censorship
Surveillance
Advocacy
Internet Facts
Filtering Rankings
Population of 77 mil, yet only 28 mil use the internet
-Roughly 36 %
-Cost of 1 hr in a cyber cafe: Roughly 3 to 4 U.S. dollars


OpenNet Initiative rankings:
-Ranked as pervasive in political areas, social areas, and internet tools
-Iran blocks several social media websites
"Halal" Internet
Blogger Abuse
Foreign Media
National Internet Initiative
Gov't ability to cut off netizens
reduced connection speed
Journalists in prison: 26
Netizens in prison: 20
Netizens killed in past year: 1
Sattar Beheshti
Foreign media sites often hacked/copied
misinformation
BBC example
Legality
1979 Iranian Constitution:
Article 25: “Examination of (the contents of), and non-delivery of, letters; recording and divulging of telephone conversations; disclosure of telegraphic or telex communications; censorship, pruning or non-transmission of messages; tapping and bugging and any kind of investigation are all forbidden, unless when so ordered by the law.”
Article 24: “Publications and the press have freedom of expression except when there is infringement of the basic tenets of Islam or public rights.”
1986 press law - Iranian gov't allowed to ensure that news providers don’t:
“attack the Islamic Republic”
“insult the Supreme Leader”
“disseminate false information”
2009 Computer Crime Law - creation of Working Group for Determining Criminal Content
decides compliance with Islamic Republic’s laws
requires ISP’s to record and report data
Legal:
filtering
ISP control
online conversation content monitoring
Procedures
Social Networking
Gov't technology to surveill social networks
Facebook and Twitter banned
Gmail block
YouTube block
Evasion
U.S. Involvement
Works Cited
http://en.rsf.org/internet-enemie-iran,39777.html
https://opennet.net/research/profiles/iran
http://en.rsf.org/iran-blogger-and-mother-on-hunger-28-08-2013,45112.html
http://en.rsf.org/iran-hope-for-54-imprisoned-journalists-18-06-2013,44814.html
http://storify.com/smallmedia/a-new-era-for-iran-s-conservative-bloggers-filteri
-http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-22837506
http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-switch/wp/2013/08/15/heres-how-iran-censors-the-internet/
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jan/24/iran-fake-blog-smear-campaign-journalist-bbc
http://surveillance.rsf.org/en/iran/
http://www.reuters.com/article/2012/10/01/net-us-iran-internet-google-idUSBRE8900GS20121001?irpc=932
http://www.dw.de/intelligent-software-set-to-control-social-media/a-16507868
http://www.thetimes.co.uk/tto/news/world/middleeast/article3871317.ece
http://storify.com/Twiplomacy/iran-s-president-on-internet-access-in-iran?utm_source=t.co&awesm=sfy.co_qFL5&utm_content=storify-pingback&utm_medium=sfy.co-twitter&utm_campaign=
http://blogs.computerworld.com/four_ways_iranians_are_beating_internet_censorship
http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2010/0416/Haystack-gives-Iranian-opposition-hope-for-evading-Internet-censorship
http://articles.washingtonpost.com/2012-10-21/world/35499983_1_internet-freedom-obama-administration-censorship
http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2013/10/21/google-sends-a-lifeline-to-internet-users-in-iran-and-china.html
http://www.howtogeek.com/167418/5-ways-to-bypass-internet-censorship-and-filtering
http://iranwire.com/en/projects/2835

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ultrasurf
VPN's
Anti-Censorship Technology
Proxy Servers

DNS & Filter bypass
The Onion Router (TOR)
FreeGate
Haystack
Proxy
-A middleman between your PC and the Internet server
-Internet information requested through the proxy server prevents the ability to trace the accessed content back to the individual
VPN
- Also serves as middleman
Virtual Private Network
-Creates and encryption tunnel, blocking the government or hackers from tracing online actions
DNS Filter bypass
-Connecting to VPN server is traceable
Domain Name System
-Internet servers have inaccessible sites they have chosen to block
-Use advanced network preferences to use new DNS address to override the block
Ultrasurf

Software
-Anti-censorship software
-Allows for fast, unrestricted internet
-Connects through Dynamic Internet Technologies "Dynaweb"
-Works like Proxy
-Focuses on keeping its clients anonymous online by creating layers
-Encryption software
-Released in 2010
-Custom made for Iranian Internet freedom
-1st anti-censorship software licensed by the U.S. for Iran
-Program designed by UltraReach Internet Corp. U.S.A.
-Originally created for China in 2002
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