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LNA - Healthy Bite of Nutrition

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Amy Rice

on 11 May 2011

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Transcript of LNA - Healthy Bite of Nutrition

Nutrients A Healthy Bite of Nutrition Amy Rice
arice@portermedical.org For patients, the LNA is a If your BODY is the CAR, then Non-
Caloric Caloric Fats Carbohydrates Protein Vitamins Minerals Water Calorie = amount of energy in food Amino Acids
Contain carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, and nitrogen
Can be essential or non-essential Functions Structure 1. Ultiimate structural component
2. Energy source
4 kcal/gram Structure Saccharides
contain carbon, hydrogen, oxygen
Simple carbohydrates are single or double sugar units
Complex carbohydrates are three or more sugar units Function 1. Energy source
4 kcal/gram
only fuel for the brain
2. Digestive function
3. Immune, heart, nervous system function Structure Fatty acids
contain carbon and hydrogen
can be saturated or unsaturated
Some are essential (omega-3)
Some are synthetically made (trans) Function 1. Structural component of cell membranes
2. Nerve, immune, and circulatory system function
3. Conversion of vitamin D from sunlight
4. Concentrated Energy source
9 kcal/gram are the fuel Water-soluble (Vitamins B and C)
Fat-soluble (Vitamins A,D,E, and K) 1. Enable chemical reactions to occur, particulary for energy and immune function
2. Structure of bones, eyes, skin and mucous membranes Function Ca, Phos, Mg
Na, K, Cl
Fe, Se, Cu, S Function 1. Bone and tooth formation
2. Fluid balance
3. Nerve and muscle function
4. Structural components Makes up 60% of the body Diet Nutrient needs are individualized and dynamic Choose smart sources of nutrients i.e. how to fuel up Eating for nutrition is often not the strongest reason behind food choices Remember Rule Number 1 - no food is forbidden Restaurants Advertising Illness Age Culture and Religion Economics Social Changes Lifelong Habits and Routines Flavor, Texture, Appearance Balance nutrients in the diet No one food contains all nutrients More Vitamin D More folate, iron
More calories More B-12
Less calories Love the nutrition label The Average American will eat 70,000 meals and 60 tons of food in their lifetime Choose nutrient dense foods
Nutrient Density - comparison of the vitamin or mineral content with amount of calories it provides Let the Dietary Guidelines be your guide
Do your math: Calories in=Calories Out 25-30% from fat with <10% from saturated fat
15-25% from protein
50-60% from carbohydrate player in their nutritional status The LNA can directly affect patient's intake at meals, snacks/nourishments, with bedside water, feelings towards special diets (ex. dysphagia related) Remember to consider the patient's Quality of Life
Food from home
Dysphagia and texture modifications
Personal choice Patient's intake may be affected by:
weakness, illness, confusion
unpleasant odors, sights, sounds
uncomfortable position
need for oral hygiene
need to eliminate
pain fructose, glucose, galactose
sucrose (glu+fru), lactose (glu+gal) starch
fiber An imbalance of nutrients leads to chronic disease
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