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Hands-On Science in Primary Schools

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by

Jayne Miller

on 25 August 2013

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Transcript of Hands-On Science in Primary Schools

The "why and how" of practical work in primary science
Hands-On Science
The Definition of Education
Oxford Dictionary: the process of receiving or giving systematic instruction, especially at a school or university.
What is
Hands-On
Science?

Classifying
Observing
Experimenting
It's not this!
What are the rewards for hands-on Science?
Questioning
Numeracy
Literacy
Listening
Communication
Observation
Decision making
Cooperation
Opportunity to develop transferable skills
Awaken critical thinking
Curiosity stimulated
Inquiry-based learning
motivational
“Tell me, I’ll forget
Show me, I’ll remember
Involve me, I’ll understand”
How do you view science?
dull
closed
magic
exclusive
always straightforward
always at it seems
able to solve all problems
interesting
creative
inclusive
real
sometimes complex
a way we can tackle problems
How do you view science?
dull
closed
magic
exclusive
always straightforward
able to solve all problems
interesting
creative
inclusive
real
sometimes

complex
a way we can tackle problems
The negatives of practical work
Lots of preparation required
Lack of confidence/personal knowledge of subject content
Lack of space/poor classroom setup
Lack of equipment and materials
The students get too excited
Big class sizes
Lack of attention from students
Confusion/misunderstanding of learning objectives by pupils
Time limitation
Not all science can be taught with hands-on activities i.e Space
Why do so many of us struggle to incorporate it into our classes?
Today's Plan
1) What is hands-on science?

2) Why is it important?

3) How can you do it too?
It's active!
It's cooperative!
It's communicative!
It's fun!
It's exciting!
It's motivational!
It's stimulating!
It's interesting!
Why teach hands-on science in primary school?
CLIL
Research into learners attitudes towards science shows that they are formed at an early age.

(Smith & Peacock, 199..)
Teaching skills for an unknown future
"Why everyone must learn science" BBC Future,
Many people feel excluded by science making us slaves to technology. The less we know the more likely we are to be manipulated by others.
Philosopher AC Grayling
Science isn't....
Science is.....
How do you teach hands-on science?
Hands- On Science
Classroom Setup
Learning in Different
Ways
Self-Directed
Teacher Led
Extended Inquiry
The Rules
Task Differentiation
Non-Verbal Cues
Planning Hands-On Activities
Your Role
Out Of the Classroom
Virtual Experiments
Content & Expectations
Expectations
Where do I start?
Elicit prior knowledge!
KWL Charts
True & False Quiz
Brainstorming
Discussion
Begin with a question, which can be scientifically investigated!
Why
how
when
where
what
who
does
can
which
do
All investigations start with a question!
Do plants need water to grow?
Does exercise make your heart beat faster?
What questions do you think these students were asking?
What type of light do plants prefer?

Does fertilizer affect plant growth?

Do plants grow better with music?

How does different water effect plant
growth?

Does acid rain effect plant growth?

Do contaminants effect plant growth?

Soil
2 plastic bottles
3 beans
Materials
Materials
bread
plastic bags
What is bread mold?

What type of bread molds fastest?

How long does it take for bread to mold?

Does temperature effect mold growth?

What does mold need to grow?

Where is dirtiest in the classroom?
make it fun!
make it relevant!
make it memorable!
Making measurements or observations over a period of time.
Weather
Let's do it now!
Record the weather
Plants
Observe plant growth
Ancient Egypt Farming Model
The Body
Observe changes
Height change
1st cycle
2nd cycle
3rd cycle
Space
Observe the sky
“The object of teaching a child is to enable him to get along without a teacher.”
Elbert Hubbard
You Matter
As primary teachers our attitude, growing understanding and knowledge of science are powerful factors in generating interest and even a of science.
Full transcript