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Syrian Refugee Children in Crisis

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by

Shabia Mantoo

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Syrian Refugee Children in Crisis

What do you
think are the main challenges facing refugee children?
Over 1 million refugee children have now fled
Syria
"There can be no keener revelation of a society's soul than the way in which it treats its children"
UNHCR Special Envoy Angelina Jolie
"... owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to, or owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country"
1951 Refugee Convention
To lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and resolve refugee problems worldwide
BARRIERS TO EDUCATION
INJURY AND TRAUMA
ISOLATION AND INSECURITY
MISSING OR DEAD FAMILY MEMBERS
CHILD LABOUR
UNREGISTERED BIRTHS AND RISKS OF BEING STATELESS
A picture drawn by a 11-year-old Syrian girl in Lebanon.
It portrays an attack on her neighbourhood in Syria in which she lost many friends and neighbours.
"Our brothers are dead. How can we focus on school while our families are being slaughtered?"
Having fled to Lebanon as refugees, Mahmoud now works in a fish factory.
Mahmoud, 15, hasn’t been to school for nearly three years.
His family say they cannot afford the luxury of sending him to school.
His $60 monthly salary helps pay the rent for the underground storage room he shares with his family.
Back in Syria, his parents worried about the violence in their neighbourhood, so he missed school.
A very common predicament for many school aged Syrian refugee children...
What can you do in support of Syrian refugee children?
A devastating three year conflict
Jordan and Lebanon host > 60% of Syrian refugee children
Even the smallest amount helps fund the crucial work that UNHCR does to change children’s lives.
Please give what you can: the support really adds up.
donate.unhcr.org/FutureOfSyria
Encourage family and friends to donate
Tweet their stories and share their photos on all of your social media channels
Share what you've seen
Don’t let the world forget about these children. They are the
#futureofSyria
Follow the news from UNHCR on Twitter
Connect with UNHCR on Facebook
Explore the micro-site:
unhcr.org/FutureOfSyria
Nelson Mandela
Providing educational and recreational opportunities for children
more needs to be done
Borders need to be kept open for Syrians fleeing the conflict and countries beyond should also offer a home to refugees
All parties to conflict must stop recruitment and exploitation of children
Individuals and businesses can help prevent child labour by funding UNHCR's financial assistance schemes
Countries hosting refugees need to continue to improve access to birth registration
Syrian Refugee Children in Crisis
Who is a refugee?
75% of refugee children are under 12
Over 2 million refugees (50% of which are children)
The role of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees:
The results of a UNHCR study on life for Syrian refugee children:
Challenges for refugee children
Nearly a quarter of children we interviewed said
at least one
immediate
family member
was either

These children remember their dead father who was killed when a shell hit their neighbourhood in Syria

3,700

unaccompanied separated

More than
and
have been registered in Lebanon and Jordan as of 09.13
children
Syrian
refugee
BARRIERS TO EDUCATION
INJURY AND TRAUMA
ISOLATION AND INSECURITY
MISSING OR DEAD FAMILY MEMBERS
CHILD LABOUR
UNREGISTERED BIRTHS AND RISKS OF BEING STATELESS
Challenges for refugee children
4-year old Shahad has survived a
bomb attack,
a
life-threatening injury
and a flight into
exile
1,379
weapon war-related
injuries
Syrian refugee children were treated for
or
in a 1 year period in Za'atari refugee camp
9 year old Soundos was struck in the head by machine gun fire in Syria. She now lives in the Za'atari refugee camp in Jordan but the bullet remains lodged in her head.
Removing it would be too risky.
BARRIERS TO EDUCATION
INJURY AND TRAUMA
ISOLATION AND INSECURITY
MISSING OR DEAD FAMILY MEMBERS
CHILD LABOUR
UNREGISTERED BIRTHS AND RISKS OF BEING STATELESS
Challenges for refugee children
"
Home
" for many Syrian refugee children is now a
tent
,
caravan
,
collective shelter
or
over-crowded apartment
Imagine only being able to
leave the house once a week
or less...
BARRIERS TO EDUCATION
INJURY AND TRAUMA
ISOLATION AND INSECURITY
MISSING OR DEAD FAMILY MEMBERS
CHILD LABOUR
UNREGISTERED BIRTHS AND RISKS OF BEING STATELESS
Challenges for refugee children
13-year old Syrian refugee AbdAllah sells bread to help provide for his family

dead, detained or missing
Children as
young as 7
working
long hours for little pay, sometimes in
or
are
dangerous
exploitative
conditions
This is a common scene, with children lining up in hopes of finding work in Za'atari refugee camp, Jordan.
Aysha, 11, and Abdulqader, 6, look through the trash at a dumping site near their house. Their family pays their rent by gathering aluminum, plastics and other items from the trash and selling them to scrap dealers.
BARRIERS TO EDUCATION
INJURY AND TRAUMA
ISOLATION AND INSECURITY
MISSING OR DEAD FAMILY MEMBERS
CHILD LABOUR
UNREGISTERED BIRTHS AND RISKS OF BEING STATELESS
Challenges for refugee children
More than
50%
of all school aged
Syrian in Jordan and Lebanon
children
are not in school.
Why do you think this is so?
Though 8 year-old Syrian refugee, Aya can't go to school in Lebanon, she still dreams of becoming a doctor.
Tamer, 17
Born in Exile
77%
of newborns do not have a birth certificate
Birth registration is a right of all children
It proves a child's legal identity and proof of age
It can help prevent statelesness by documenting a child's parentage and country of birth
Unregistered refugee children face increased risks of exposure to violence, abuse and exploitation
"The world must act to save a generation of traumatized, isolated and suffering Syrian children from catastrophe"
What is being done to help Syrian refugee children?
Providing assistance to help deter families from taking children out of school to work
Supporting distressed children: health care and
counselling
Providing for
care arrangements or assisting family reunification for unaccompanied and separated children
Raising awareness amongst families the importance of registering births
BUT...
Countries hosting Syrian refugees require international support to help them support and sustain massive refugee populations
Governments need to explore alternative livelihoods opportunities for Syrian refugees
BARRIERS TO EDUCATION
INJURY AND TRAUMA
ISOLATION AND INSECURITY
MISSING OR DEAD FAMILY MEMBERS
CHILD LABOUR
UNREGISTERED BIRTHS AND RISKS OF BEING STATELESS
Challenges for refugee children
Full transcript