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History of New York City
Transcript of History of New York City
Images from Shutterstock.com The History of New York City Henry Hudson and the East India Trading Company European settlement began in 1609 with Englishman,Henry Hudson. Hudson and his crew were searching for a passage to Asia, just like Christopher Columbus. Instead they found that the region had a high population of beavers. Beaver pelts were all the rage in Europe, so the beaver population provided a lucrative trading post for the pelts from New York to Europe. Inhabitants of Modern Day New York Discovering New York The first discover of New York was said to have been made by a Spanish Explorer named Estevão Gomes. He sailed for the king of Spain in 1524. He sailed into New York's Upper Bay but did not claim it new land and only anchored here for the night Much to Hudson's surprise they were not the first peoples to inhabit this area, today known as New York. People known as the Lenape, a Native American tribe lived there and spoke a distinct Algonquian language, today known as Unami. By: Ayanna Jordam New Amsterdam/New Netherland The building of the New Amsterdam Trading Company is where the name of New Amsterdam is derived. Soon thereafter,in 1626, construction of Fort Amsterdam began. At this time
African Slaves were
brought into the area. The British In 1664 the British took over "New Amsterdam and New Netherland" as a British colony.They re-named it New York. By now 40% of the population was African slaves. The colony prospered but the Native People did not by 1700 the Lenape had diminished down to 200 people. Federal and Early America In 1785 the Congress met in New York City under the Articles of Confederation. Later, New York City was made the first national capital of the United States under the United States Constitution.New York grew as an economic center, first as a result of Alexander Hamilton's policies and practices as the first Secretary of the Treasury and, later, with the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825, which connected the Atlantic port to the vast agricultural markets of the North American interior The Great Irish Famine brought a large influx of
Irish immigrants. By 1850, they comprised 1/4 of the
city's population.Government institutions, including
the New York City Police Department and the
public schools, were established in the 1840s
and 1850s to respond to growing demands of residents.
By 1835 New York had passed Philadelphia as the largest city in the United States.
After the civil war immigration to New York from the South and from Europe grew steeply.
In 1886 the Statue of Liberty was dedicated. Modern History of New York Early 20th century Throughout the first half of the 20th century, the city became a world center for industry, commerce, and communication. After WWII there was another huge influx of immigrants & and soldiers returning home from
The transition away from the industrial base toward a service economy picked up speed while the large shipbuilding and garment industries declined sharply. Present Day In 1977, the city was struck by the twin catastrophes of the New York City blackout of 1977 and the Son of Sam serial murderer's continued slayings.New York saw the surge of Wall Street again in 1980. New York City was also a site of the September 11th terrorist. attacks Hurricane Sandy brought a destructive storm surge to New York City on the evening of October 29, 2012.
New York is a bustling town with a diverse
group of people and a diverse history.
It has 5 boroughs- Manhattan, Brooklyn,
Queens, the Bronx, and Staten Island,
each individually unique. New York is characterized by its skyline!