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-Inspirations: Nature, helping others, eclectic things
-Going into: Landscape Architecture
-Role: Coordinator/Leader Bradley -Design strengths: Building a design after conceptualizing
-Inspirations: Cool colors, passionate people, Frank Lloyd Wright
-Going into: Architecture
-Role: Author Chenyu -Design strengths: Clean, simple designs
-Inspirations: Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, joy, continuing people's behaviors into an architectural form
-Going into: Architecture
-Role: Photographer Frank Lloyd Wright Design Maxim: As a group, we enjoy working through a design process by creatively applying a concept. Important points: Raised in Richland Center, Wisconsin
Mother predestined him to be an architect
Went to stay with Uncle on farm in Wisconsin every summer throughout adolescence
Learned 2 things from first job with Adler and Sullivan:
Need a clearly American style of architecture
Need an archetype for buildings to work off of Progression: Oak Park house: 1889 Winslow house: First commission after leaving Adler and Sullivan.
Elements of Prairie Style: stonework, exterior walls, large chimney, focus on fireplace, roof is lower sloping, axial plan. 1893 Willits house: 1902 Elements of Prairie Style: low parapets, freestanding piers, free-floating roof lines, horizontal emphasis, exterior walls, shallow roof, strong house to ground relationships. 1905-1908 Design philosophy: Frank Lloyd Wright wanted to abstract and interpret nature in an architectural form. He focused on a way to synthesize the the building with its natural environment while still maintaining the privacy and intimacy of a suburban or rural home. He viewed every part of his architecture as an integration of the larger whole, down to the smallest details. Prairie Style: Robie house Elements of the fully developed Prairie Style:
Low to the ground
Made of stone
No visible entrance
Gently sloping roof
Suppressed, heavy-set chimney
Visible horizontal emphasis
Outreaching walls hiding private gardens Design process:
Got the job
Pulled elements from earlier houses
Utilized archetype of prairie house
Oriented Prairie House to fit location and future owner
During his Prairie Style phase, his process was not to design for the customer, but to adapt his style to fit their needs The Pink Lady Queen Anne Victorian William Carson Walter L. Dodge house 1914 Irving Gill Purcell Cutts house 1913 George Grant Elmslie International similarities: Art Nouveau - France Antonio Guadi - Spain Modern movements at the turn of the century
Focused on organic architecture - different results One of the earlier houses that Wright designed.
Built for himself and his family.
Early elements of Prairie Style: emphasis on hearth, changes of ceiling level, open floor plan. Organization
Design elements of Prairie Style
Overall analysis Organization: Lower level: Entertainment
Lower level much more open to outside than upper level
Upper level: Personal and private
Kept main part of house away from the street but still connected geometrically Design elements of Prairie Style: Horizontal emphasis
Interconnection of spaces
Reverence to nature
Outside walls add dimension and privacy
Gently sloping roof
Front door is hidden
Overhanging roof Materials: Natural materials
Concrete Details: Brick emphasized horizontal lines
Compressed ceiling in areas of movement, raised ceiling in areas of living - created a datum line
Everything indoors slightly off axis to promote movement
Small, choppy vertical lines created rhythm but didn't overpower horizontal elements
Planters created natural view
Maple leaves in the light fixtures Overall analysis of Allen-Lambe house: Not strongest example of Prairie Style
Successful in objectives:
Promotes movement in lower level
Maintains connection with nature Frank Lloyd Wright wanted to abstract and interpret nature in an architectural form. He focused on a way to synthesize the building with its natural environment while still maintaining the privacy and intimacy of a suburban or rural home. He viewed every part of his architecture as an integration of the larger whole, down to the smallest detail. "TRUTH IS LIFE" Sources: Allen-Lambe house tour guides. Interview by ENVD 202 class. Personal
interview. 13 Mar. 2013.
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2013, from http://www.american-architecture.info
Bruce Brooks Pfeiffer, "Frank Lloyd Wright",
Taschen Verlag, Koln, 1991
Burns, K. (Director). (2004). Frank Lloyd Wright [Documentary]. America:
PBS Home Video ;.
Cheek, Josh. Interview by ENVD 202 class. Personal interview. 13 Mar.
Costantino, M. (1991). Frank Lloyd Wright (1991 ed.). New York: Crescent
Dale, A. (n.d.). 20th Century Architecture. Upload & Share PowerPoint
presentations and documents. Retrieved March 15, 2013, from
Davey, Calayde. Interview by ENVD 202 class. Personal interview. 13 Mar.
Dipity - Find, Create, and Embed Interactive Timelines. (n.d.). Dipity - Find,
Create, and Embed Interactive Timelines. Retrieved March 15, 2013,
Federici, J. E. (Director). (1999). Frank Lloyd Wright and the Prairie School
[Documentary]. America: Films for the Humanities & Sciences.
Frank Lloyd Wright, Edgar Kaufmann, "Frank Lloyd Wright: The Early Work",
Horizon Press, New York, 1968
Frank Lloyd Wright. (n.d.). Designs by Frank Lloyd Wright. Retrieved March
15, 2013, from http://www.designsbyfranklloydwright.com
Lou, Chenyu. Allen-Lambe house. 2013. Wichita, Kansas. 13 Mar. 2013
Neil Levine, "The Architecture of Frank Lloyd Wright",
Princeton University Press, Princeton, 1996
Prairie Styles - An Online Museum of Prairie Style Architecture. (n.d.). Prairie
Styles - An Online Museum of Prairie Style Architecture. Retrieved March 15, 2013, from http://www.prairiestyles.com
Stats about all US cities (n.d.). Retrieved March 15, 2013, from http://city-
Wigfall, LaBarbara. Interview by ENVD 202 class. Personal interview. 13 Mar.