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Why did the peace collapse in 1939?

21 years after the end of the First World War, countries like Britain, France and Germany found themselves at war once again. What led to war breaking out, and why in 1939?

Michael Fordham

on 22 February 2013

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Transcript of Why did the peace collapse in 1939?

Why did the Second World War begin in 1939? Conclusion Think about the language you need to use to answer a question such as 'How far was the collapse of European peace due to the policy of appeasement?' Top Exam Tip Hitler's Aggression Appeasement Nazi-Soviet Pact H A N D Depression Failure of League of Nations F What is the message of this cartoon?

What does David Low think about appeasement? Key Dates March 1938 - Anschluss with Austria
Summer 1938 - Hitler claimed Sudetenland
March 1939 - Hitler invaded Czechoslovakia
September 1939 - Hitler invaded Poland Hitler's invasion of Czechoslovakia Peace in our time Key Dates 1936 - Hitler remilitarised Rhineland and Britain and France do not act
1937 - Bombing of Guernica in Spanish Civil War shocks the world
September 1938 - Munich Agreement What is the message of this cartoon? What was so unusual about the Nazi-Soviet Pact?

How did the pact make a war more likely? Key Dates August 1939 - Nazi-Soviet Pact. Germany and the USSR sign non-aggression treaty, and secretly agree to divide Poland between them. Key Dates 1929 - Wall Street Crash
1931- Japanese Invasion of Manchuria
1932 - Unemployment in Germany reaches 6 million
1933 - Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany Economic depression was one cause of Japan's invasion of Manchuria In Germany the depression helped Hitler into power. Key Dates 1931 - Japanese invasion of Manchuria
1933 - League's Disarmament Conference failed and Hitler walked out of the League.
1935 - Mussolini invaded Abyssinia. The League's sanctions were ineffective. Which of the causes do you think was the most important in leading to the outbreak of war? Why did the war break out in 1939, and not earlier, or later? Think about using phrases such as:
to some extent...
to a considerable extent...
in some ways...
it could be argued that... The Second World War 1939 - 1945 21 years after the end of the First World War Over 60 million dead Why had peace collapsed by 1939?
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