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Different Types of Maps- physical, political, thematic

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natasha matthews

on 4 March 2016

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Transcript of Different Types of Maps- physical, political, thematic

Different Types of Maps
There are many different types of maps. Maps are used for many different reasons.
The first kind of map we will learn about today is called a Physical Map
A physical map shows the land features of an area such as mountains, rivers and lakes. Water is usually shown in blue. Land is usually shown in green or brown.
What are some different kinds of maps that you can think of?
Here is an example of a Physical Map
As you can see, Physical Maps show all kinds of information about the way land and water lie on the earth.
The next kind of map we will look at is called a Political Map
A Political Map shows the borders of States and Countries. This type of map may also show the State or Country Capital as well as any other major cities in the area.
Here is an example of a Political Map
What do you notice about this map, that is different from the physical map?
Lets look at one more type of Map...everyone's favorite...


The Topographic Map
These maps show relief or height above sea level using contour lines. They also show physical features such as forests, rivers and lakes, and cultural features such as roads, railways and settlements. This type of map is useful for bushwalking, planning roads and checking the steepness of slopes.
Let's look at topographic map
The fourth type of map we are going to learn about is called a THEMATIC MAP. Thematic maps can show how temperature, agriculture or incomes vary over an area. Lets have a look at one
Lets test our knowledge. What kind of map
is this?
Physical Map
Political Map
Physical Map
Okay, Let's try three more pictures!
This kind of map shows the land features of an area such as mountains, rivers and lakes. Water is usually shown in blue. Land is usually shown in green or brown.
This kind of map shows the borders of States and Countries. This type of map may also show the State or Country Capitol as well as any other major cities in the area.
This kind of map shows the cities, highways, roads
bridges, railroad tracks, airports, and other landmarks in an area. This type of map is often used by travelers.
Okay, let's see if you can match the definition of the map with the correct type of map!
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