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How Mummies are Made

By: Elliott Stephenson
by

Elliott Stephenson

on 13 November 2012

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Transcript of How Mummies are Made

photo (cc) Malte Sörensen @ flickr By: Elliott Stephenson How Mummies are Made I think you should know how mummies are made. First the body is washed. Mummies are really cool It takes about 70 days! The next step was to remove the dead person's inner organs. A small hole was cut into the left side of the body so that the embalmers (people who treat a dead body to prevent decay.) could remove the liver, the intestines, the stomach and the lungs. Each of these organs were embalmed using natron.(a special type of bandage with salt which served to dry out the organs and discourage bacteria from decaying the tissues.) The organs were then individually wrapped using long strips of linen and placed in canopic jars. A canopic jar is a jar with a design that represented four of the gods of what Egyptians believed about the after life. After the removal of the inner organs, the body cavity was stuffed with natron, and lots of people think that the bain was removed through the nose but it wasn't. The body was then placed on a slanted embalming table and completely covered with natron. This allowed fluids to drip away as the body slowly dried out. This part of the process took about forty days, after which the natron was removed, inside and out, to reveal a dried, shrunken body. After another cleaning, the body was rubbed with ointment to help preserve the mummy's skin. The head and body cavity were stuffed with packing. The mummy was then prepared for bandaging. First, the cut in the side of the body was sewn up and covered with a patching representing the protective eye of Horus.(The eye of Horus was a famous Egyptian symbol.) The body was covered with gold, jewels and protective amulets. Fingers and toes were covered with protective gold caps and individually wrapped with long, narrow strips of linen. Arms and legs were also wrapped, then the entire body was wrapped to a depth of about twenty layers. The embalmers used resin (a sticky flammable substance.) to glue the layers of wrappings together. The wrapped head was covered with a mummy mask. Finally, the last layer of bandages went on and was given one last coating of resin. The mummy was the ready for burial. Once the mummy was finally prepared it was time for the funeral.The mummy was then moved by sled from the embalming tent to the tomb.People were hired to show their grief by crying and throwing dust in their hair. An actual mummy Ramesses 2 But I can only tell you one thing about them.
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