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Universal Declaration of Human Rights

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Elizabeth Paz

on 23 January 2015

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Transcript of Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Article II of the UDHR
Significance and legal effect
“Where, after all, do universal human rights begin? In small places, close to home – so close and so small that they cannot be seen on any maps of the world. Yet they are the world of the individual person; the neighborhood he lives in; the school or college he attends; the factory, farm or office where he works. Such are the places where every man, woman and child seeks equal justice, equal opportunity, equal dignity without discrimination. Unless these rights have meaning there, they have little meaning anywhere. Without concerned citizen action to uphold them close to home, we shall look in vain for progress in the larger world

-Eleanor Roosevelt “In Our Hands” (1958 speech delivered on the tenth anniversary of
the Universal Declaration of Human Rights).




Humans desire for peace lies behind this Declaration
While not a treaty itself, the Declaration was explicitly adopted for the purpose of defining the meaning of the words "fundamental freedoms" and "human rights" appearing in the United Nations Charter.
Served as the foundation for a growing number of national laws, international laws, and treaties, as well as for a growing number of regional, national, and sub-national institutions protecting and promoting human rights.
The Declaration forms part of customary international law and is a powerful tool in applying diplomatic and moral pressure to governments that violate any of its articles.
The 1968 United Nations International Conference on Human Rights advised that the Declaration "constitutes an obligation for the members of the international community" to all persons.
UDHR Drafting Committee was chaired by Elenor Roosevelt, widow of the United States of America president Franklin D. Roosevelt. Mrs Roosevelt was recognized as pioneer behind the document.
$1.25
Thursday, January 22, 2015
PRE-AP US 11
What is the UDHR?
Human rights come from human dignity
It is the first global expression of rights to which all human beings are inherently entitled. It was created in response to the events of World War II on December 10th, 1948.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
What does it consist of?
The Declaration consists of thirty articles which have been elaborated in subsequent international treaties, regional human rights instruments, national constitutions, and other laws. The International Bill of Human Rights consists of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and its two Optional Protocols.

Human Rights are the rights you have simply because you're human.



Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.
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