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Transcript of Ancient Ghana
Where was it located?
Major Leader of the Empire
Ghana Bassi was a major leader in this kindom. He led the final resistance for Ghana's freedom against the Almoravid movement.
Major City of the Kindom
Koumbi Saleh was a major city because it contained the twelve mosques to pray to the Muslim god.
Why did the Kingdom collapse?
The Kingdom collapsed when Muslim raiders began attacking over seas across the empire.
What was one thing the kingdom was famous for?
Gold and Salt:
Ghana was famous for their gold-salt trade between West and North Africa. People from North Africa desired gold and people from West Africa needed salt. There was a place called Wangara to the south of Ghana and it was incredibly hot. The people of Wangara lost so much natural salt through sweating that they had to eat salt as their daily diets to survive. Unfortunately, they had no salt in their land. Gold is what they had plenty of, and they were happy to trade it to get the salt they so desperately needed.
Ghana came to control not only gold and salt, but also the trade routes that went through their land.
Religion of the Ghana Empire
What did the Kingdom trade?
Ghana was located in southeastern Mauritania and western Mali.
Ghana was mainly Islamic, but had few people who believed in African traditional religion.
The Muslim raiders' main goal was to convert as many people to Islam as possible, but also wanted to control the gold-salt trade.
The war lasted about 30 years before the Ghana Empire began to crumple as smaller provinces began to break off from their own kingdoms.