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Unit 12: Public Health
Transcript of Unit 12: Public Health
its own poor, if you couldn't work you were
given money to survive. The public health act was created in 1848 but was then removed 10 years later. The act encouraged the set up of medical officers, sewers, inspection of lodging houses and checking food that was for sale. 1848 The National Public Health Act John Snow and the Broad Street Pump 1860 John snow discovered that cholera was a disease spread through water. He achieved this by realizing that many deaths were occurring in a certain area and that he linked it to the water pump they were all using. He then turned the water pump off so that no body could use it, then the amount of deaths decreased. The Sanitary Act 1866 In 1848 it was recognised that the Sanitary Act had failed to produce the correct results. The reason behind this was because the act was only permissive instead of compulsory. Therefore the 1866 Act brought local authorities together so that they can improve the conditions and to make sure health hazards were removed. The act was responsible for the sewers, water and street cleaning. Houses were all connected to the main sewer. Sanitary inspectors and the home secretary was in charge of removing any health hazards. 20th Century 1942 Beveridge Report The Beveridge report was a published report that suggested that people of a working age should pay a certain amount per week. In return of this if people were sick, unemployed, widowed or retired they would be paid benefits. This theory was argued by Beveridge that doing this would provide a minimum standard of living. 1946 National Health Service The government announced plans a free national health service. Medical proffesions agreed to the governments plans. 1998 The Acheson Report The Acheson Report was invented by a man named Donald Acheson. It was used to review inequalitiies in health in England and to help identify any areas that have health problems and how to reduce them. 1999 Saving lives our healthier nation This campaign was an action plan invented by an independant panel funded by Government and was aimed to tackle bad health particulary those who are worse off. The targets set aim to reduce deaths caused by the four main killers, cancer, coronary heart disease and strokes, accidents and mental illness. 21st Century 2004 Making healthy choices easier health protection agency The role of the Health Protection Agency's is to provide an integrated approach to ensure the protection of the UKs public health through the provision of support and advice to the NHS. Also local authorities, emergency services, other arms length bodies, the Department of Health and the devolved administrations.