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What is NEWS?

Introduction to News, its Attributes, Types, and some Tips for reporters
by

Somewell Gadiane

on 26 August 2013

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Transcript of What is NEWS?

“a break from the normal flow of events,
an interruption in the expected…”
– Melvin Mencher
NEWS
Attributes of News or News Values
Sources of NEWS:
NEWS
1. Timeliness or Immediacy – Reporting about unfolding events or occurrences as they happen; Old news with developments or updates.
2 Major Types of NEWS:
“Any event, idea, or opinion that is
timely, that interests and affects a
large number of persons in the
community, and that is capable
of being understood by them.”
“News presents to society
a mirror of its concerns and interest.”
– Gay Tuchman of Making News
“tomorrow’s history done up today’s neat package…”
– Mitchell Charnley of University of Minnesota
“News is the inexact measure…of the ebb and flow of the tides of human aspirations, the ignominy of mankind, the glory of the human race…the best record we have of the incredible meanness and the magnificent courage of man” – Stanley Walker, New York Herald Tribune
M. Lyle Spencer
(School of Journalism, Syracuse University)
2. Proximity – The nearness of the event to the intended readers.
3. Prominence – Familiarity to readers; refers to famous persons and places, things, and situations.
5. Significance – Importance of the event and how it will affect the people; Increases as the number of people affected by the news increases.
4. Oddity – Anything that deviates from the normal course of events is newsworthy; Unusual; Also involves emotions or drama, conflict, and stories that inspire.
Tips for the REPORTERS:
NEWS

"News is an accurate and timely account of an idea, issue, or event that affects a significant number of people." - Rachel Khan
When is
NEWS.
.WORTHY
?
Accurate - Based on facts! Not rumors!
Timely - NEW = NEWS

Ideas
Events
Issues
Significant People
HARD
SOFT
- "Straight News" ; Sticks to the bare facts of the story
- Proceeds from the most important to the least important - INVERTED PYRAMID
- "Human-interest News"; News that appeals to the emotion and attempts to gain response from readers.

Other Types of NEWS:
News Feature
In-depth Story
Follow-up Story
Sidebar Story
- A news article that need not to be about a recent event but continues to be timely because of the season or anniversary of the event.
- A news story that goes beyond the day's fact and seeks to analyze, interpret, and uncover facts related to an issue or event; Usually an investigative report.
- A report of more recent developments of a story already published. Usually the second paragraph is a summary of the original news.
- A brief news item on some lighter aspects of an event run side-by-side a significant news item.
1. Beats
- the beat system is the backbone of news coverage.
- Beats for the school paper include: School and class organizations, offices, department heads, parent's associations, etc.
2. Printed Material
- School calendar, daily bulletin, students' handbook, athletic schedule, honors, subjects to be offered, financial statements.
3. Tips from teachers and students
4. Publicity and Press Releases
5. Future book or dope book
- a record of all coming activities, prepared by the staff, usually by the news editor or the managing editor.
1. Understand the story before covering it
a. Know the background by reading, talking to people, taking notes.
b. Know the possible news sources and their relation to the news. Get the full names. Note correct spelling, titles, etc.
c. Know the kind of story required
d. Know the type of write-up expected
2. Make appointments sufficiently in advance of deadlines
3. Know how to conduct an interview, either in person or telephone
a. Be tactful and courteous.
b. Try to make a good impression and b sincere.
c. Plan what to say. Explain at once that you are a reporter for the school paper.
d. You are not to argue but to get facts and opinions of the interviewee.
4. Work as close to the event as possible
5. Know how to take notes
6. Be familiar with the sources of information
7. Gather more information after the event.
8. Get facts and check them.
9. Be thorough. Always have more facts than you expect to use.
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