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Jean Bazin (1985): A chacun son Bambara

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Jonas Klee

on 14 January 2013

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Transcript of Jean Bazin (1985): A chacun son Bambara

A chacun
son Bambara Jonas Klee
12.01.2013 Method Saussure: sign = signifier + signified
Wittgenstein: The meaning of a word is its use in a language
The history of a name
Anthropology as an actor Bambara Origins Group near Dienne (Minianka?)
Pagan peasants of the south
Geographical (directional), vocational and religious aspects - relative term Towards Segu and Kaarta Breakdown of Mali and Songhai
Mercenaries from the south
States of Segu and Kaarta In Senegal Captives from about that direction (slave-trade)
Captive warriors serving in Senegal Within Kaarta and Segu Ruling elite/apparatus of domination
Bambara vs. Kagoro, Jarawa and Soninké (Kaarta)
Bambara vs. Maraka, Somònò and Fula Within the Bambara-community Bambara (free peasants) vs. Numu, Jeli etc.
Ritual masters of the soil (old lineages) “On comprend ainsi comment un mandingophone peut être amené, selon la conjoncture ou le critère retenu, à appeler tantôt des gens qui parlent la même langue que lui, tantôt des « barbares » incompréhensibles, tantôt des voisins ou des cousins, tantôt de sauvages étrangers — ce signifiant de l’altérité étant par essence relatif.” (p. 102) The invention of the ethnic group Central Mande Bambara Kaartanka Bélédougouka Ségouka Baninkoka Social subdivisions Somònò
... Maurice Delafosse 1912 Jean Bazin (1985): “C’est un texte fondateur pour toute la bambarologie à venir ; il ne constate pas, il décide ; il ne s’agit pas tant d’étudier les faits de langue que de réformer la norme du bien-parler.” (p. 114)
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