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C4I Kick off meeting Barcelona

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Roman Jaborkhel

on 16 January 2015

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Transcript of C4I Kick off meeting Barcelona

LUBLIN
Fact and figures:
capital of Lublin Voivodeship
350 000 inhabitants - largest city in the Eastern Poland
nearly 100 000 students attending 5 public universities and a number of private higher learning institutions
regional centre for education, culture, and bussiness
Current population diversity:
vast majority of ethnic Poles
small communities of national, ethnic and faith minorities - Ukrainians, Roma, Jews, Orthodox, Protestant, Muslims
growing influx of migrants/guest workers/refugees: Ukrainian, Belarussian, Armenian, Chechen, Georgian, African, Arabic, Vietnamese etc
growing foreign students community - mainly coming from USA, Taiwan, Norway, North Africa, Ukraine, Belarus

Available official statistics:
recent national census of 2011 for the Lubelskie Region: -1% of population foreign born, 0,1 % non polish citizenship
2531 officially registered foreign residents in Lublin (02.2013)
2000 foreign university/college students (2012)
2352 work permit issued in 2012 for citizens of countries embraced by the "neighbourhood" employment policy regulation (citizens of Belarus, Russia, Moldova, Georgia, Ukraine)
around 300 refugees in 2 detention centres
unknown number of illegal migrants (mainly grey labour market) - only 248 applications received during 2011 abolition action in Lubelskie Region
Challenges/obstacles/threats:

external:

no precise or relevant statistics and data available regarding immigration (e.g. recent census of 2011 showed only 2700 people of foreign citizenship and 22700 foreign born in the whole Lubelskie region, many different data collected against different criteria)
Polish integration policy on state level still work in progress,
many gaps (e.g. integration programs confined to refugees only, legislation in place but weak access to information on rights and obligation,)
low intercultural awareness among citizens/public services
low intercultural education and prejudice prevention
immigration not high on the agenda of public matter
Shengen border hindering neighbourhood relations
Research projects
"Lublin is Friendly"- survey on foreign students
The objective of this project was three-pronged:
evaluation the quality of life of foreign students in Lublin.
assesment of their needs.
asses the level of interaction with the city and participation in the city’s social and cultural offer life
The survey covered over 270 participants. It also involved open meetings held with representatives from NGOs and cultural institutions with the foreign students community
Sociological research ordered by municipality
on perception on multiculturalism and presence of foreigners in Lublin
Survey conducted on sample of about 1400 residents as a part of large
research project on general participation of Lublin residents in culture.

results:
cultural diversity seen as enriching factor
foreigners welcome
relatively good knowledge on events related to minorities/migrants
Before W.W.II Poland was one of the most ethnically diverse countries in Europe
Historical context:
Multicultural traditions
Nowadays Lublin is rediscovering its multicultural heritage. City wants to benefit once again from cultural diversity and become an attractive place for people from all over the world
Lublin Diversity policy

Cultural diversity and openness is one of the central elements to the new Lublin 2020 Strategy.
It is based on the premise that as the "city of inspiration" Lublin accepts, fosters and takes advantage of cultural diversity .


Recommended activities:
Promoting tolerance and diversity in every aspect of the activities of citizens and institutions
Developing overall policy for diversity management
Support programs and assistance for foreigners (refugees, foreign residents) and national minorities
Intercultural Cities

Council of Europe Intercultural Cities program started in 2008 became a starting point for revising Lublin's sociocultural landscape through intercultural lens.
It helped us to make inventory of city's cultural diversity and initiatives referring to it. City Office brought different stakeholders together for the first time to start mutual cooperation between city and representatives of different minorities/migrant communities.

The engagement of the city with the intercultural agenda has triggered a strong awareness of the value of diversity and the need to foster internationalization and open-mindedness.
Multicultural Lublin Festival

Annual cultural event involving representatives of ethnic and religious minorities, refugees, immigrants.
Project consist of artistic presentations, workshops, exhibitions, and meetings presenting contemporary cultural diversity of Lublin.
The event is accompanied by discussion panels with city authorities, religious leaders, and various stakeholders involved in intercultural dialogue.
Organized by the Centre for Culture in cooperation with minority/immigrant organizations. First edition took place in 2008
Sample projects and activities
In Lublin people of different origins had settled since middle ages. The largest minority group that made up more than 1/3 of the city population were Jews. Lublin had been one of the most important European centres for Jewish culture.
Intercultural Lublin

"Tchechen Stars" an folk ensamble composed of refugee children residing in Lublin
Ecumenical mass
Welcome to Lublin

Project run by Homo Faber Association, co-financed by European Fund for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals.
Main goal of the project is to provide comprehensive assistance to foreigners coming to Lublin to study and work in order to make them feel welcome and comfortable as they arrive.

IC visit @ The Grodzka Gate NN Theatre Centre

Lublin for All - Introduction of inclusive diversity governance system

The project co financed by the Swiss Contribution and implemented in partnership with Swiss Canton of Neuchatel
The main objectives are:
to develop and introduce of inclusive system of diversity governance in Lublin through participation of migrant communities, ethnic minority organizations, NGO's and civil society the formulation, decision making process and implementation of the intercultural strategy for the city of Lublin using the Intercultural Cities methodology
to establish the partnership to exchange and transfer good practices in the field of intercultural integration
„Common home – Poland”- integration of foreigners with refugee status and complementary protection status through social, psychological, educational and legal assistance
“Education for Integration”

Program is run by NGO "Volunteering Center" in Lublin The ativities include:

• intercultural workshops and classes
• classes of the Polish language,
• information on Poland
• exploring Polish history and culture through cultural activities
• integration classes
• intercultural events in the public space

Thank You!
Lublin City Office
Pl. Łokietka 1
20-109 Lublin
www.lublin.eu

source: wikipedia according to Polish 1931 census
Pre-war Lublin: "The triangle of three temples"
Cultural diversity was reduced dramatically due to the tragic events of the II World War.
During the post war period communist regime introduced social unification and promoted single culture and mono ethnic notion of state .
The rich multicultural heritage of the past had been censored and forgotten
The Tzadik's Eye – an installation by Jarosław Koziara
Intercultural walk for the newcomers
Diversity policy - operational level

providing services and projects by municipal partners (social welfare service, public schools, city customer desk, employment office, cultural institutions, etc)
support and cooperation with NGO's working in the field of integration, migrants support, intercultural dialogue, human rights
participating in different projects and cooperatives as a partner
networking/good practice exchange/peer learning - Intercultural cities, Eurocities, sister cities cooperation
implementation of state programs on local level - e.g. Roma support program
The Rule of Law Foundation projects:

Legal Aid Center for Refugees
Regional Network of Immigrants Support
Migrant Rights: Nigerian-Polish Initiative
Integration of foreigners in Lublin Region

"Study in Lublin"

Project run by City Office

Comprehensive guidance on Lublin High education opportunities and orientation for foreign students

internal:

many different groups with different expectations and approach (soft needs vs hard needs)
Lublin perceived as a transit/contemporary place of stay
unreal expectations of migrants
adaptation problems/culture shock
low education of migrants
language barrier
Challenges/obstacles/threats - city level
integration work mostly dependent on grant funding
not enough cooperation between different stakeholders,
no formal representation of certain groups
potential conflict of interest between traditional minorities and new immigrants
need for more formal adoption of integration action plan
minorities/migrants not considered as an issue as far as there is no mayor social problems
intercultural dialogue confine to dish/dress/dance
right wing radicalization/populism in the time of economic downturn
lack of specialized unit within City Office
lack of system for support grass root initiatives in integration/intercultural field
opportunities

Intercultural "genius loci" - traditional hospitality and positive approach towards "strangers" by vast majority (sociological research: 2009, 2013)
political will to support diversity advantage approach
constellation of stakeholders with strong motivation, passion driven
existing initiatives, cooperatives, networks (e.g. Support Group within Lublin 4 All project, Regional Network for Support of Migrants, etc.)
"Cultures do not dialogue with each other. They compete, clash, fight, interact and mutually influence each other. More than just a dialogue, we [...] need major engagement in the build up of intercultural competences instead of identity towers. We need more opportunities for the intercultural, creative engagements (across the borders, but also in vicinity, from own neighbourhood to the national state) instead of promotional actions of national governments in the international area.”

Dragan Klaic (1950 – 2011) - culture expert, theatre scholar


"It took many years for Europeans to understand that establishing the continental federation can not only be based on „coal and steel community”. We wouldn't face such a deep crisis of multicultural society, such helplessness against wars in the former Yugoslavia, such problems with the idea of identity and community shared by successors of the French Revolution and two decades of totalitarianism, if The European Union was also perceived as a cultural project from the beginning."

Krzysztof Czyżewski - author, poet, practitioner of intercultural dialogue
Full transcript