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INDIVIDUALIZED TEACHING STRATEGIES

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Rizzah Jhoii Magno

on 12 September 2012

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Transcript of INDIVIDUALIZED TEACHING STRATEGIES

INDIVIDUALIZED TEACHING STRATEGIES INDIVIDUALIZED INSTRUCTION •Is an approach to the Teaching-Learning process whose effectiveness is universally recognized and accepted . It is the answer to the perennial quest for a “tailor-planned” mode of instruction. It involves a number of steps: 1.)Assessment of the student’s background, needs and interests.
2.)Selection of appropriate subject matter
3.)Determining the teaching strategies to meet the needs and interests
4.)Constant monitoring of progress
5.)Undertaking revisions/alternatives wherever needed
6.)Comprehensive evaluation, including qualitative and quantitative records. EFFECTIVENESS 1.)It is success-guaranteed since the interests, needs and abilities of the student are carefully considered in planning the learning ability.
2.)The student is not bored with too easy tasks nor appear lost with too difficult procedures.
3.)Competition does not exist. The student’s progress is commensurate to his abilities.
4.)Promotes strong retention of learning compared to a class-directed instruction.
5.)It becomes easy to adjust planned program of activities whenever and wherever necessary since only an individual and not the whole class will be affected.
6.)The teacher acts as a true facilitator, constantly assisting each student as urgency arises. She can easily pinpoint problems and guide in overcoming difficulties.
7.)Discipline problems brought about by boredom and frustrations are eliminated.
8.)The student learns to be more responsible and is ready to suggest alternative activities to suit his needs.
9.)Evaluation takes the form of actual accounts of individual achievements. DISADVANTAGES GUIDELINES 1.)Parents must be informed about this mode of instruction since their cooperation will be needed in soliciting background information.

2.)As in other student-centered strategies an abundant supply of varied materials must be available so as not to cause unnecessary snag in their individual choice of activities. 3.)Some sources of needed information are hereby suggested:

a.)School health records
b.)Parents and other family members
c.)Diagnostic tests
d.)Medical records from family doctor
e.)Student interviews
f.)Observations at formal and informal settings

4.)The following tests will reveal important information for pre-assessment.

a.)Diagnostic tests
b.)Interest inventories
c.)Achievement records from previous years 5.)A careful record of each student’s accomplishments must be kept in individual files which are available for constant review,

6.)The student must be involved in planning the learning activity, as in defining the objectives, the materials to be used, the time allowed for completion and the procedure to be followed.

7.)Both teacher and student must agree on the criteria to be considered in evaluating performance. A variety of evaluation techniques may be used in order to arrive at a complete record of individualized learning ability.

8.)Individualized instruction will work well with other teaching strategies like interest centers, student research and independent study. JOURNAL WRITING -A journal is a record, chronology or register of events, memories and daily happenings. In teaching it is a record of what transpires during a learning activity.

EFFECTIVENESS 1.Studies show that successful students are those who wrote their goals and ambitions and through the years articulated such visions.

2.It is useful tool to help the students reflect on their experience, both for assessing progress and for further improvement.

3.Through journals, they can explore their own identities by way of assessing self-awareness, self-actualization and self-acceptance.

4.They learn more of their strength and weakness and accordingly decide on further improving ones work and study habits.

POINTERS /
SUGGESTIONS CONTENTS OF JOURNALS 1.)STUDENTS’ JOURNAL On-the-spot observations
Interpretations made
Inferences/ conclusions
arrrived at about the lesson
New ideas learned
Stress and possible cause
Expression of own strength
Humor
Short stories
resolutions made Anecdotes
Inventions appreciated
own ambitions
instant feelings of joy and elation
disappointments/frustrations
sustained fun and enjoyment
expression of own weakness
imagination and creative thoughts
self-confidence developed
interesting episodes PROBLEM
SOLVING It consists of step-by-step methodology of finding a solution or answer to a problem.

Is a Teaching Strategy that employs the scientific method in searching for information. SCIENTIFIC METHOD 1.Sensing and defining the problem.

2.Formulating Hypothesis.

3.Testing the likely hypothesis (by observing, conducting and experiment, collecting and organizing data through normative surveys.)

4.Analysis, Interpretation and
Evaluation of Evidences.

5.Formulating Conclusion. EFFECTIVENESS LIMITATIONS AND
DISADVANTAGES 1.It is time-consuming.

2.The focus on the problem may arouse negative reactions.

3.This strategy is best employed with more mature individuals.

4.Evaluation of results may be difficult. POINTERS / GUIDELINES 1. It needs a number of exercises, especially in collecting and recording of data before a clear interpretation may surface.

MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCE-BASED
TEACHING STRATEGIES It bears important implications in planning learning activities. THE 8 INTELLIGENCES 1.Verbal-Linguistic
2.Logical-Mathematical
3.Spatial
4.Bodily – Kinesthetic
5.Musical
6.Interpersonal
7.Intrapersonal
8.Naturalistic - Provide channels through which the teachers and the students could get to know each other better. Used as a pedagogical tool, it consists of a day-to-day record of learning activities through which the students can determine their own progress. 5.Journals provide concrete records where they could monitor their own learning.

6.It serves as a bridge between the teacher and the students.

7.It provides venue through which the teachers can evaluate their students’ attitudes towards work, also how the students can in turn determine how their teachers feel about their work.

8.It helps them bring back memories they treasure, the happy and unhappy moments they shared while learning together. 4. The student must feel the need to find an answer or solution.

2. Orderliness and careful step-by-step procedure must be stressed otherwise repetitions or missed step may occur.

3. The problem to be investigated must be within the maturity and skill level of the individual. 5. Sufficient resources must be available.

6. Monitoring and guidance must be provided during the activity to be sure of the right direction to take. “All students can learn and succeed, but not all on the same day in the same way.” - William G. Spady Offer relatively simple and accessible methods to understand and explain people's preferred ways to learn and develop.
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