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Research Paper Outline

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by

Adam Engdale

on 6 November 2013

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Transcript of Research Paper Outline

Section 1
Thesis
Section 2
Section 3
Topic Sentence
Evidence
Conculsion
Evidence
Analysis
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Evidence
Conculsion
Evidence
Analysis
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Evidence
Conculsion
Evidence
Analysis
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Evidence
Conculsion
Evidence
Analysis
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Evidence
Conculsion
Evidence
Analysis
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Evidence
Conculsion
Evidence
Analysis
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Evidence
Conculsion
Evidence
Analysis
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Evidence
Conculsion
Evidence
Analysis
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Evidence
Conculsion
Evidence
Analysis
Analysis
For a variety of a reasons the reading rates of boys lag behind girls of the same age, and this difference in reading rates is damaging to men, women, and our educational system.
Educational testing shows a wide gap between girls and boys in the area of reading, and this gap has long term consequences for society at large.
There are a number of potential causes for this gender gap in reading.
Going forward this gap in reading ability must be addressed, and there are a number of potential ways of addressing it.
On state standardized test such as NAEP scores show that boys on average score 10% lower on reading assessments than girls.
Standardized testing throughout the United States has shown a gap in reading levels of boys and girls.
These scores occur regardless of Socio-Economic status, Racial Background, Region that they live in etc.
This gap grows wider with time. 4th grade compared to 8th grade.
The gap in the reading ablility as seen on these types of tests is only one place that this gap in ability can be seen. It can also be seen in the difference in how many boys vs. girls are referred for Special Education.
The number of boys referred for special education far exceed the number of girls.
The numbers of girls and boys referred to special education.
The reasons why people are refereed to special education. The difference between real needs for special education and low abilities.
Special educations role in the educational system.
This gap in ability, as well as this perception as needing special assistance often leads to a higher rate of disciple referrals.
The rates of disciple referrals are often related to the ability of students and the way the students are perceived.
Statistics disciple referrals connected to reading ability. I.E. Grades and test scores.
Statistics of disciple referrals connected to Special Ed referrals.
These connections between ability and behavior in school, ultimately between behavior in school and lives students will lead beyond school, make these issues of the gender gap in reading all the more important today.
Statistics of disciple referrals connected to future outcomes in life. I.E. Suspensions related to graduation rates.
One cause associated with the difference in male and female reading rates is lack of reading role models.
Children need to see people that can identify with, people they see as similar to them, to establish patterns of expected behavior.
Statistics on who children see reading.
Perceptions about reading as a gendered activity.
If boys never see adult men reading for pleasure then it is likely that they will also not see themselves reading for pleasure. This point of view is furthered by the number of boys that do associated reading as an activity for "girls". Still this is not the only reason that could lead to this gender gap.
Another common reason cited for the difference in male in female reading rates is the perception of reading as a isolated and sedentary activity.
Statistics of males talking to friends about books.
Why would men and women be different in reading if it was a isolated or sedentary activity? Why would women be less social or active?
While this idea may have faults, it is possible the boys perception of reading, not only as something that is not masculine but something that is not active and social may contribute to why they choose not to read. Still there is at least one other major factor to explore: School.
Despite their best intentions schools may have an unintentional negative affect on if boy choose to continue to read.
Boys reading interests
Boy perception of what counts as reading (reinforced by schools)
Reading curriculum in schools
The way schools have taught in the past and books that have been chosen may need to be reevaluated going forward if they truly want to affect the difference in men's and women's reading abilities.
A case for choice.
One way of addressing this problem is using boys' book groups.
These groups create a social, active, fun atmosphere connected with reading, and provide male reading role models.
Data connected to perception of reading and boys in book groups to boys outside of book groups.
Of course these book groups can not get to every boy who needs help reading, so other solutions also need to be in place.
Parents need to be a part of this solution as well, which means that they need to be taught about this difference in reading rates and the importance of encouraging their children of either gender to read.
Importance of reading to kids
Literacy rich environments
One cause associated with the difference in male and female reading rates is lack of reading role models.
Schools may need to reevaluate what they teach and how they teach it to better reach all students, not just boys.
Integration of technology
Change in types of books being taught.
Going forward, if schools are to help all students learn they may need to reconsider how they teach, considering first the students then the curriculum.
Greater student choice for what they read.
SSRI
Talking to kids about reading
Attention Getter
Thesis
Organization
Summary Sentence
Evidence
Analysis
Evidence
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Summary Sentence
Evidence
Analysis
Evidence
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Summary Sentence
Evidence
Analysis
Evidence
Analysis
Topic Sentence
Tie Together Information in one package
Create a sense of closure
Clincher
Get your readers attention
Why does it matter?
How is your paper organized?
What else is out there? What else would you do? What are the loose ends?
Connect your sections
Clincher
Why do guys (in general) lag behind women in their reading skills?
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