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Caley St.Clair

on 25 January 2013

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Transcript of Diabetes

Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes Type 2 Diabetes Type 1 Causes/Triggers Type 2 Causes/Triggers Type 2 Avoid/Prevent Symptoms Being very thirsty

Feeling hungry

Feeling tired or fatigued

Having blurry eyesight

Losing the feeling or feeling tingling in your feet

Losing weight without trying

Urinating more often (1st signs) Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age, but it is most often diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults.
Insulin is produced by beta cells, in the pancreas & is needed to move glucose into cells, where it is stored and later used for energy. In type 1 diabetes, beta cells produce little or no insulin.
Without enough insulin, glucose builds up in the bloodstream instead of going into the cells & the body is unable to use this glucose for energy. Symptoms Bladder, kidney, skin, or other infections that are more frequent or heal slowly
Increased thirst
Increased urination
Blurred vision
Erectile dysfunction
Pain or numbness in the feet or hands When sugar cannot enter cells, high levels of sugar build up in the blood. This is called hyperglycemia.

It usually occurs slowly over time. Most people with the disease are overweight when they are diagnosed. Increased fat makes it harder for your body to use insulin the correct way. When you have type 2 diabetes, your liver, fat, and muscle cells do not respond correctly to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. As a result, blood sugar does not get into these cells to be stored for energy.It can also develop in people who are thin, but is more commonly seen in the elderly. Family history and genes play a large role in type 2 diabetes. Low activity level, poor diet, and excess body weight around the waist increase your risk. The exact cause of type 1 diabetes is unknown. Most likely it is an autoimmune disorder. An infection or some other trigger causes the body to mistakenly attack the cells in the pancreas that make insulin. This kind of disorder can be genetic. Type 2 Treatment First you need to lower high blood sugar levels & then work to prevent problems with your blood sugar.The main treatment for type 2 diabetes is exercise and diet. Type 1 Treatment Some ways to help prevent you from getting type 2 diabetes is by keeping a healthy body weight and an active lifestyle & staying up-to-date with all your vaccinations and get a flu shot every year. Some things you should know:
How to recognize and treat low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
How to recognize and treat high blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
Diabetes meal planning
How to give insulin
How to check blood glucose and urine ketones
How to adjust insulin and food when you exercise
How to handle sick days
Where to buy diabetes supplies and how to store them Type 2
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