Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Rise of West+Guilded Age

No description

Mark Twain Carroll

on 23 October 2018

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Rise of West+Guilded Age

1865-1900 Post War America: The Rise of the West+Guilded Age Transcontinental Railroad 1861-1869 -people continued to move west in search of opportunity during and after the Civil War
-moving west became easier, faster, and safer with the building of the Transcontinental RR
-started being build in 1861...but stared moving quick in 1865
-Central Pacific Co. started in Sacramento, CA...Union Pacific Co. started in Omaha, NE=1775 miles
-Union Pacific employees were:
-Central Pacific used mostly... Chinese Workers -13,000 Chinese would work on the RR
-10% would die
-7 reason the Chinese were not accepted by Americans
7. Connection Complete -May 10, 1869=Union+Central RR meet
-3 effects of the Transcontinental RR


3. Age of the Cowboy---1855-1890 -cowboys were responsible for driving longhorn cattle in Texas up to RR stations in Kansas
-shipped cattle in refrigerated RR cars
-40,000 cowboys at the height of the cattle drive
-ranchers+cowboys made millions=longhorns worth $40 each

-average age of cowboy was 24 yrs old
-30% were black or Mexican
-few owned horses or guns
-used horses owned by the ranchers who employed them Life of a Cowboy -2 main responsibilities were round-ups+drives
-round-ups were gathering of all the cattle the belonged to a particular rancher
-ALL the cattle lived on open plains...no fences
-recognized cattle by brands

-drives were moving the cattle up to RR stations in Kansas
-spent 18 hrs a day, 7 days a week on their horse during a drive
-cowboys were responsible for guarding+rounding up the herd, branding the cattle, breaking horses Cowboy Dangers -4 main hazards to a cowboy



4. Homestead Act---1862 -used to encourage settlement in the west
-buy at least 50 acres of land...live on the land for 5 years and improve it=160 acres for free
-homesteaders went west by the tens of thousands

-4 inventions made farming the west possible




-farmers began to destroy the open range Range Wars -Farmers vs Ranchers
-cowboys cut barbed wire+shoot farmers
-poison animal wells
-both sides hired gunmen
-range wars raged for 20 years
-winner would eventually be... Wild West -west was mostly lawless and was a haven for outlaws and robbers
-Henry McCarthy=
-killed 12 people, shot by US Marshal Pat Garrett

-Martha Jane Canarray=
-robbed banks across the west, arrested and jailed

-Robert Parker= Henry Longabaugh=
-train robbers, led the Hole in the Wall Gang, killed in Bolivia while on the run Jesse James -born in Missouri, served in CS army
-Jesse+his brother Frank rob $1.2 million in banks+trains
-Frank settles down and becomes a farmer in 1882
-Jesse gets married and has 2 kids
-murdered by Robert Ford Lawmen -US Marshals were used to curtail lawlessness
-Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday, William "Buffalo Bill" Cody

-James "Wild Bill" Hickock
-fast, accurate shooter
-expert gambler
-killed at shootout in Deadwood, AZ in 1876

-William "Bat" Masterson
-1860-69=Pony Express rider+buffalo hunter
-1870's=US Army scout
-lawman on the side
-died in 1917 Indian Wars---1865-1890 -1,062 fights between NA tribes+US Army
-Plains Indians needed buffalo to survive
-1800=60,000,000 buffalo
-1900=700 buffalo
-buffalo hides used for factory belts

-NA use all parts of the buffalo
-hides=teepees, clothes, moccasins
-chips=baby powder
-tendons=bow strings
MEAT -many former enemy NA tribes allied with each other to fight the whites
-2 fiercest tribes were Apaches+Sioux

-Apache were led by Chief Geronimo
-using only 36 men, stacked US army posts for 10 years
-eventually forced to make peace when US Army started massacring Apache civilians

-Sioux led by Chief Sitting Bull and Crazy Horse
-largest victory at Battle of Little Bighorn
-136 Sioux killed
-all 258 US members of 7th Cavalry killed Indian Massacres -brutal treatment of NA civilians would eventually force their surrender
-Sand Creek-Nov 1864
-28 warriors and 110 women and children of the Cheyenne tribe killed by US cavalry

-Wounded Knee-Dec 1890
-US cavalry kills 90 Sioux warrior and 300 women+children

-massacres like this force the NA tribes to surrender their land and move onto reservations
-end of Native Americans relevance in US history Guilded Age -1880s-1890s
-rise of American industrial power
-no laws preventing monopolies allowed industrial titans to become the wealthiest people in world history

Titans of Industry

-steel+iron...$330 million=
-oil...$1.5 billion=
-rail+shipping= American Inventors -Elisha Otis=

-Thomas Edison=

-Alexander Bell=

-George Eastman= Labor Problems -increase in industry made for a massive increase in wealth
-thousands of people moved off farms into cities
-immigrants swarmed cities by the tens of thousands
-unions struggled to fight for the rights of workers
-children were exploited the most

-1911...Triangle Shirt Fire
-146 girls died, Triangle Shirt Co. forced to pay $75 per life
-led to stricter safety regulations Immigration -largest American immigration movement in history occurred between 1870-1900
-most European immigrants landed in New York, stopped ________________ first
-mostly Italian+Eastern European
-all immigrants recieved a medical inspection...98% passed
-clerks would often change immigrant names
-lucky immigrants had relatives waiting for them
-little money, most spoke no English
-it would usually take 3 generations for an immigrant family to "Americanize" Urbanization -as industry grew, Americans left farms for the city in search of work
-cities struggled to cope with swelling populations
-pollution+crime were serious problems
-immigrants and poor lived in tenement housing, up to a dozen people sharing a single rooms
-took the work of reformers to battle urban problems

-Carnegie+Otis were also responsible for urban growth
-cities grew up...not out Progressive Era -progressives were similar to reformers
-battled societal ills plauging the country

-Upton Sinclair=author of "The Jungle"
-leads to creation of FDA

-Booker T. Washington=founded Tuskegee Inst, all black vocational school
-W.E.B DuBois=first black man to graduate from Harvard
-founded NAACP in 1909, worked for immediate end of segregation Progressive Presidents -presidents who supported the societal change stemming from the Progressive Era were known as Progressive Presidents
-3 of them

-these presidents oversaw the passing of prohibition, women's suffrage, industrial growth, the boom of the city, and a strong foreign policy Teddy Roosevelt -born in New York in 1858
-most popular president since G Wash
-youngest, elected at age 43
-had severe asthma, overcame it when he took up boxing at age 20
-served in the Spanish-American War, founded own cavalry unit called the Rough Riders
-mid 20's went west and worked as a cowboy for 2 years
-fell in love with the west
-pushed for the national protection of parks such as Yellowstone, Yosemite, and the Grand Canyon
-created 50 wildlife refugees and 18 national monuments
-commissioned the building of the Panama Canal
-supported Progressive labor laws
-helped pass a minimum wage law, limited the workday to 8 hours, and ended child labor
-left the presidency at age 50
Full transcript