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Timeline From 1881-1901
Transcript of Timeline From 1881-1901
By Hayley May
In the late 19th century there was a feeling that Australia had come of age as a nation of people with common interests.
Road To Federation
At this time there were six separate colonies acting independently with different laws, defence forces, railways and taxes.
Women were pushing for the right to vote.
Australia was known overseas for its bush legends.
Artists were also becoming famous for their poetry, music and art reflecting this culture of bush lore.
Our Emerging Identity
The Victorian Committee reported that a 'federal union' would be in the interests of all the growing colonies. However, there was not enough interest in or enthusiasm for taking positive steps towards bringing the colonies together.
The Australian Federation Conference recommends a national convention be held to draft a constitution for the commonwealth of Australia.
The six colonial premiers established the Australian Federal Council to try to set up uniform trade, immigration and defence laws.
Who were the six colonial premiers?
The six colonial premiers were John Colton SA, Alexander Stuart NSW, James Service VIC, Mitchell James WA, Samuel Giffiths QLD and Adye Dougles TAS.
Henry Parkes, the Premier of New South Wales, made a speech at the New South Wales country town of Tenterfield, calling on the colonial premiers to devise a constitution for the federation of the Australian colonies.
Sir Henry Parkes, premier of New South Wales, urges the colonies to federate.
The first National Australasian Convention is held in Sydney and drafts a constitution.
The People of Corowa a border town on the Murray River were tired of paying taxes each time they crossed into NSW or VIC. They were strongly behind the push for federation to avoid the taxes.
Andrew Clark drafts the first constitution.
The six colonial premiers met in Hobart and accepted the recommendations of the Corowa Conference.
The National Australasian Convention met in Adelaide to adopt a constitution based on the draft constitution prepared at the 1891 National Australasia Convention.
The National Australasian Convention met in Sydney to continue the work begun in Adelaide in March.
There was a depression and it had slowed up federation and the plan was put on hold.
All the people of Corowa got together at the end of 1893 to organise a conference for federation.
Dr John Quick put forward an idea that the people should have a say and it was 100% accepted.
What was the ANA?
The ANA was a group of young boys called the Australian
Natives Acociation. Alfred Deakin was part of the ANA.
In past years Katherine Spence pushed for women to have the right to vote.
In 1894 Charles Kingston gave women the right to vote and for the first ever time in the Western World women were allowed to run for parliament.
Alfred Deakin drafts a constitution in Sydney.
The National Australasian Convention continued its constitution that was begun in Adelaide in 1897. General agreement was reached.
What were referendems?
A referendum is a vote on a political question referred by a government to the people. Electors vote by writing 'yes' or 'no' in the box opposite each question.
The colonial premiers met in Melbourne and made changes to the constitution agreed to at the National Australasian Convention Melbourne, in particular to the location of a new national capital city.
The British Parliament passed the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900.
Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed (officially announced). In accord with the Australian Constitution.
The first federal election was held in accordance with the rules of the Australian Constitution.
The Australian Federal Parliament was opened at the Exhibition Building in Melbourne by the Duke of York, representing Queen Victoria, the British Monarch.
Women got the right to vote
Charles Conder and his paintings
Some 0f Charles Conders paintings include:
Stockyard near Jamberoo
Who is Charles Conder and what did he do?
Charles Edward Conder was an English-born painter, lithographer and designer. He emigrated to Australia and was a key figure in the Heidelberg School, arguably the beginning of a distinctively Australian tradition in Western art.
Arthur Streeton and his paintings
Who is Arthur Streeton and what did he do?
Sir Arthur Ernest Streeton was an Australian landscape painter and leading member of the Heidelberg School, also known as Australian Impressionism. In 1882, Streeton commenced art studies at the National Gallery School.
Some of Arthur Streetons Paintings include:
The purple moon's transparent light
John Russel and his paintings
Who is John Russel and what did he do?
John Peter Russell was an Australian impressionist painter. Russell was a man of means and established an artists' colony.
Some of John Russels paintings include:
Bay of Roses
Cliffs at Falaise
Banjo Patterson and his poems
Who is Banjo Paterson and what did he do?
Andrew Barton "Banjo" Paterson was an Australian bush poet, journalist and author. He wrote many ballads and poems about Australian life, focusing particularly on the outback areas, including the district around Binalong, New South Wales, where he spent much of his childhood. Paterson's more notable poems include "Waltzing Matilda", "The Man from Snowy River" and "Clancy of the Overflow".
Some of Banjo Paterson's poems include:
Song of the Future
The Weather Prophet
Sunrise on the Coast
At the Melting of the Snow
The Old Australian Ways
A Singer of the Bush
The Wind's Message
Henry Lawson and his Poems
Who is Henry Lawson and what did he do?
Henry Lawson was an Australian writer and poet. Along with Banjo Paterson, Lawson is among the best-known Australian poets and fiction writers of the colonial period and is often called Australia's "greatest short story writer". He was the son of the poet, publisher and feminist Louisa Lawson.
Some of Henry Lawsons' poems include:
Andy's Gone With Cattle
Faces In The Street
A Prouder Man Than You
Who is Henry Parkes?
Sir Henry Parkes, was an Australian politician and businessman who served as a Premier of New South Wales. He has been referred to as the "Father of Federation", as he was one of the most influential advocates of the Federation of Australia.
Who are suffragettes?
Suffragettes were members of a women's organization. Suffragist is a more general term for members of suffrage movements, if radical or conservative, male or female.