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Human Rights

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by

Anne Lin

on 7 May 2014

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Transcript of Human Rights

Croatia
Croatia
Formula One boss Ecclestone faces bribery charges in a Germany Trial
Germany
In both of the articles, the government officials did not let people appeal to their cases that are allowed anywhere else in the world. Additionally, in one of the articles, Saeed Abedini, was literally arrested due to his religion as Christianity. That is an unfair arrest that is not allowing his effort to appeal. In the other article talk about an Iranian- American scholar, Kian Tajbakhsh, who was arrested for going against the government. However, evidence of him not being active politically for two years already. This proves that this arrest is unfair and violated the human rights.
Iran
A Horror Story of True-Life Anti-Semitism in france

France
Human Rights
Arbitrary Arrest and Unfair Trials
Injustice
The police officers arrested a 16-years-old boy because of his stand on the case of the death of a club manager, in the Gansu Province. The 16-year-old, Yang Zhong, had gone against the investigators that were in charge of the murder case. He then, was arrested because of his speech. This did not only violated his freedom of speech, but also violated how he was treated guilty without any evidence.

China
NGO: Non Governmental Organization
Egypt
Dr. Yusuf Al-Qaradawi, President of the International Union of Muslim Scholars
According to the article "Muslim scholars slam arbitrary arrests and torture in Egypt," people in Egypt have been under the threat of arbitrary arrests. A journalist, Abdullah Al-Shami, was imprisoned for 250 days. Mohammed Salah Sultan was incarcerated for eight months and has many health problems. He weighs 40 kilograms, only about 90 pounds. This is happening even today, in the year of 2014.

Source: https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/news/africa/11051-muslim-scholars-slam-arbitrary-arrests-and-torture-in-egypt
Libya
"Prisoners"
According to the article "Libya: Stop Arbitrary Arrests of Black Africans," people have been arrested in Tripoli, Libya's capital, for their skin color. The detention centers they were held in were not great either. Families were separated in transfers. Armed men took people off the streets with no grounds for arrests.


Source: http://www.hrw.org/news/2011/09/04/libya-stop-arbitrary-arrests-black-africans
Ghana
Ghana is dried of Justice
According to the article"Excessive Delay of Cases: A Violation Of The Right To Fair Trial," justice in Ghana has been being delayed constantly. Trials have been delayed for up to 10 years. The Judicial Service denies accusations of inaction, all the meanwhile blaming Attorney-General's department. The A-G department, however, blames to police for being slow on tickets. Each segment of the criminal justice sector is irresponsible.

Source: http://www.modernghana.com/news/461272/1/excessive-delay-of-cases-a-violation-of-the-right-.html
United Nations; What are they doing?
Videos:
Article 9
Article 10
Article 11
Article 12
Fair trials International:

There are things like pre-trial detention; it is use to urge suspect to claim guilty. However, this is an extreme contradiction to the human rights. Suspects cannot be in detention like this, unless there are enough evidences proven guilty. If not, then the suspect should not be forced into detention. "22 NGOs from countries across Europe have called on the European Union to take action on the problem of excessive pre-trial detention." They had a letter sent to the Vice President of the European Commission, Fair Trials, expressing about their concern related to the pre-trial detention that violated the Human Rights. "The letter also calls on the Commission to address pre-trial detention within its next work programme (2014-20)."
Source: http://www.fairtrials.org/press/european-ngos-back-action-on-detention/

Amnesty International:

Unfair trails have led to the arbitrary arrests and imprisonments of 491 people in Egypt. These trials were not impartial, as the judge carried out the verdict without even reviewing evidence. All of these people will face life sentence. 37 people are confirmed to be sent to death. Amnesty International works against these unfair trials and arbitrary arrests. They report their findings and inform the world of these occurrences.
Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2013/09/24/world/asia/crackdown-on-dissent-in-china-meets-online-backlash-after-boys-arrest.html?_r=1&
The United nations has a rapporteur who checks up on the judicial systems of countries. He or she reports to the U.N. on their findings. The rapporteur identifies attacks made on the judicial system and records them as well. He or she also gives advice on how to improve the judicial system of that country. They also study to learn more about how they can help judicial systems.
Norbert Zongo finally starts getting his right for justice
According to the document "Burkina Faso / Norbert Zongo Case," Burkina Faso did not act with due diligence in finding the assassins of Norbert Zongo. As a result of this delayed justice, they victims' families suffer from the denial of justice. The African court reminded the authorities of this failure. This is a victory for human rights defenders, who have been fighting for justice for Norbert Zongo for the past 16 years.

Source:http://www.fidh.org/en/africa/burkina-faso/15142-burkina-faso-norbert-zongo-case-the-african-court-recognizes-the
Burkina Faso
Israel
“Israel subjecting Palestinian children to ‘spiral of injustice’ ”The Palestinian children were accused of being terrorists without any sort of evidence. This violated the human rights of how one would always be innocent until enough evidence are given to prove guilty. For example, Hamza K, 15, was arrested while she was still in bed. The soldiers charged into her room, pointing guns at her. Another example was the situation of Husam S, 15, who was arrested and forced to sign papers stating that he threw stones. (In reality, he did not even know what he was forced to sign). These are examples of Israeli soldiers going against the Human Rights by declaring Palestinian children guilty without supporting evidence.
The Working Group on Arbitrary Detention replaced the former Commission on Human Rights. It was established in 1991. The mandate was extended in 1997, and again in 2013.

(a) To investigate cases of deprivation of liberty imposed arbitrarily or otherwise inconsistently with the relevant international standards set forth in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights or in the relevant international legal instruments accepted by the States concerned;
(b) To seek and receive information from Governments and intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, and receive information from the individuals concerned, their families or their representatives;
(c) To act on information submitted to its attention regarding alleged cases of arbitrary detention by sending urgent appeals and communications to concerned Governments to clarify and to bring to their attention these cases;
(d) To conduct field missions upon the invitation of Government, in order to understand better the situations prevailing in countries, as well as the underlying reasons for instances of arbitrary deprivation of liberty;
(e) To formulate deliberations on issues of a general nature in order to assist States to prevent and guard against the practice of arbitrary deprivation of liberty and to facilitate consideration of future cases;
(f) To present an annual report to the Human Rights Council presenting its activities, findings, conclusions and recommendations.

During a country visit in China, such recommendations were given:

(a) Incorporate expressly in the Criminal Procedure Law a provision
stating that under the Law a person is presumed innocent until proved guilty
by a court or tribunal at the end of a trial;
(b) Define the crime of “endangering national security” in precise
terms, keeping in mind article 3 of the Criminal Procedure Law;
(c) Incorporate in the criminal law an exception to the effect that
the law will not regard as criminal any peaceful activity in the exercise of
the fundamental rights guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights;
(d) Establish a permanent independent tribunal for or associate a
judge with all proceedings under which the authorities may commit a person to
re-education through labor, in order to obviate the possibility of any
criticism that the present procedure is not entirely in conformity with
international standards for a fair trial as reflected in international legal
instruments, especially the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Source: http://www.ohchr.org/EN/Issues/Detention/Pages/Visits.aspx

Source: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/jun/26/israel-palestinian-children-injustice
The soldiers questioning the children
Source: http://www.nytimes.com/2009/10/24/opinion/24sat2.html?_r=0
http://www.worldmag.com/2013/08injustice_in_iran_for_american_pastor
Summaries
By: Anne Lin, Marcus Wong, and Raquel Saunders
The U.S and Iran going against each other
Guilty until proved Innocent Should be the Presumption for Politicians
The Croatian population was "shaken when another portion of corruption scandal at the highest political levels."
It was a bad tragedy that had shaken France. In January 2006, just a few week after a fight/riot had become. Ilan Halimi, a 23 year old was kidnapped by "Gang of Barbarians". This was do to the fact that he was not a person that this gang had liked.
"The 83 year old denies charges of bribery and abetting breach of trust in relation to a $44 million payment he made to former German banker.''
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