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Transcript of Media
design by Dóri Sirály for Prezi
Mikayla, Hannah, Lauren, Andrew
We encounter media, the communication of ideas, each day through television, cell phones, and the Internet.
Youth spend seven or more hours each day with media, more time than with any other activity, except for sleeping (Strasburger et al. 75)
Depending on its use, media can powerfully benefit or harm society in regards to its health, violence, body image, substance abuse, and global awareness
Violence & Aggression
Ads, magazines, music videos and TV shows portray women as skinny and attractive
Causes individuals compare themselves to the models and actors in the media
Women try to become thinner and look "sexier" (Heubeck).
Men may develop excessive exercise or dieting habits (Heubeck).
Because the "ideal body" is unachievable for most people, individuals may have feelings of self-hatred, depression, and helplessness. This constant need to be perfect can also cause eating disorders (About-Face).
A study "...found that a steady 60 percent of programs across twenty-six channels contain some physical aggression."
Children's programming contains the most violence.
"Researchers found that TV programs focused on appearance are swaying the self-esteem of girls as young as five" (Heubeck).
"Media exposure has been found to constrain young women’s conceptions of femininity by putting appearance and physical attractiveness at the center of women’s values" (About-Face).
People are focusing on themselves and their looks rather than God and His plan for them. The considerable unhappiness women have with their bodies, expresses discontent towards God's creation.
Dove, a beauty product company, is trying to promote body positivity through the media.
"We are on a mission to help the next generation of women develop a positive relationship with the way they look - helping them raise their self-esteem and realize their full potential" (Dove).
Media can harm children's physical and mental development:
Violent and noneducational television programming leads to attention deficit disorder and lack of self-control (Kirkorian et al. 45)
Media use contributes to obesity (Ford-Jones and Nieman 301)
When children watch television and play video games, they read, practice hobbies, do schoolwork, and sleep less (Strasburger et al. 757)
Media can occasionally benefit mental health:
Television programs such as
teach children problem-solving skills (Kirkorian et al. 47)
Social aggression isolates and excludes children and adolescents in school.
This behavior is more typical of girls than it is boys and can begin as early as preschool.
"One study found incidents of relational aggression in 92 percent of television programs popular with teens."
"In the United States, more than $22 billion is spent marketing and advertising drugs...and many research studies have shown that it has significant impact on adolescent use." (Strasburger et al. 761)
Parents are a large role model for their children. They take the things parents say to heart. Therefore, parents should be careful not to set a bad example for their children (Heubuck).
"When parents learn firsthand how their daughters perceive celebrities, it can lead to a lesson in media literacy" (Heubuck).
If a child develops an eating disorder or a mental health problem, it proves very hard for the parents to watch their loved one go through so much pain (Mirror-Mirror).
Media divides family relationships:
Television viewing reduces children's time with their family members (Ford-Jones and Nieman 301)
Instead of guiding their children, parents allow the media to educate their kids
Media's negative health effects on adolescents prevent the adolescents from becoming active, productive citizens
Meanwhile, educational media teaches children task persistence and rule obedience (Kirkorian et al. 45), social skills vital to becoming an effective member of society
Music videos, songs, and movies which portray substance abuse encourage the viewers to use drugs and alcohol.
These are sins that dishonor God, tearing us away from Him.
We need to be sure to monitor all that we take in from the media and pop culture. Whether we realize it or not, media can influence not only on ourselves but also those around us both positively and negatively.
Children learn how to behave in social and relational situations by mimicking what they watch on TV and see at home. They may become desensitized and unsympathetic to violence they see throughout life.
Excessive violence may also induce a fear of "ever-present" danger.
"By the age of eighteen, the average adolescent will have seen an estimated 200,000 acts of violence on television alone" (Strasburger et al, 758).
Witnesses to the movie theater shooting in Aurora, Colorado described the shooter, James Holmes "...as wearing a gas mask that concealed much of his face and head" (Pearson). He described himself as the Joker from the Batman movies.
Television shows like
teach children valuable lessons about cooperation, kindness, and harmony (Ford-Jones and Nieman 301).
Through media, "children and teenagers can learn antiviolence attitudes, empathy, tolerance toward people of other races and ethnicities, and respect for their elders" (Strasburger et al. 762).
News provides the individual with instantaneous information about others around the world
Alcohol and drugs can be very addictive substances, and these addictions can lead to problems within the family.
It can cause problems regarding finances, violence, and emotional trauma (Lameman).
Music portrays alcohol and drug use as "normal" activities, encouraging students to partake
When students participate in substance abuse, it causes a decline in grades (CDC)
Violence in Television Programs
Since it offers limitless information from across the globe, the Internet is valuable tool for academic research (Ford-Jones 304)
Schools use news reports, videos, documentaries, and music to teach the students about other cultures and nations
When the media encourages adolescents to learn about other people, adolescents learn to appreciate all people as God's unique creation
Instantaneous sharing of information through social media allows for quick and powerful witnessing to unbelievers and encouraging to believers
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. “Fact Sheets - Underage Drinking.” 26 Dec.
2013. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. N.d. 18 Feb. 2014
Ford-Jones, Anthony and Peter Nieman. Paediatrics and Child Health 8.5 (2003): 301-306.
16 Feb. 2014 <<http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2792691/>>.
Heubeck, Elizabeth. “Helping Girls With Body Image.” WebMD. 18 Feb. 2014
Kirkorian, Heather L., et al. “Media and Young Children’s Learning.” The Future of
Children: Princeton-Brookings 18.1 (2008): 39-53. 15 Feb. 2014
Lameman, Beth Aileen. “Effects of Substance Abuse on Families.” Chicago Tribune 2014. 19
Feb. 2014 <<http://www.chicagotribune.com/
“Our Vision.” Dove. 2014. 19 Feb. 2014 <<http://www.dove.us/Our-Mission/Girls-Self-
Pearson, Michael. “Gunman Turns 'Batman' Screening into Real-Life 'Horror Film.'”
CNN 20 July 2012. 19 Feb. 2014 <<http://www.cnn.com/2012/07/20/us/
“Self-esteem and Mental Health.” About-Face. N.d. 19 Feb. 2014 <<http://www.about-
Strasburger, Victor C., et al. “Health Effects of Media on Children and Adolescents.”
Pediatrics 125.4 (2010): 756-764. 16 Feb. 2014 <<http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/
Thompson, Colleen. “How Eating Disorders Affect Family.” Mirror Mirror. N.d. 19 Feb. 2014
Wilson, Barbara J. “Media and Children's Aggression, Fear, and Altruism.” The Future of
Children: Princeton-Brookings 18.1 (2008): n. pag. 19 Feb. 2014