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04.09 The Birth of New Ideas: Objectives
Transcript of 04.09 The Birth of New Ideas: Objectives
The Renaissance was a cultural rebirth that started in Florence Italy, and its legacy was the outstanding artwork it created. The Mona Lisa, created by Leonardo da Vinci is the most famous painting in the world to this day. It was created from 1503–1517 during the Renaissance era and is now behind a bulletproof case in Paris' Louvre museum. The painting represents the beautiful art created in that era.
Florence played a big role in the Renaissance, because it is where it all began, it was the ''birthplace'' of the Renaissance. Florence was especially wealthy at that time and had the most influental people in society and politics. It also had a strong economy, so the city quickly thrived.
Portuguese sailors were traveling in search of trading partners, new goods, and new trade routes, and discovering the coasts of Africa, Asia and Brazil. That era became known as the Age of Discovery. Christopher Columbus went on voyages in an attempt to find a trade route to Asia, but instead he reached the Caribbean islands that are now the Bahamas. The discovery of the Americas helped add places to maps. The explorations also resulted in many new goods found on the other land that they could sell in their own country.
The city of Lisbon was important in the Age of Exploration because it was the starting place for sailors that went on voyages to find a route to Asia. They wanted to find that route by sailing south around Africa. Also, Lisbon's harbor quickly became one of the busiest harbors in Europe because of the new spices brought back from the Americas and were prized commodities in the India-Europe trade.
The Reformation was the greatest religious movement for Christ since the early church. It started On 31 October 1517, in Wittenberg Germany, when Luther nailed his 95 theses against the selling of indulgences on the door of the All Saints' the Castle Church. The Reformation had far-reaching political, economic and social effects. It affected the modern view of politics and law.
Wittenberg was the most important source of inspiration for the Reformation. Today it is the German city most associated with Martin Luther. It has many important sites like ''Luther House'', the house where Luther and his family lived, or the Castle Church, that launched the Reformation. There is also a ''City Church'' where Luther preached the Reformation. All of the main important events started out there.
The Counter-reformation was the period of Catholic revival that was initiated in response to the Reformation. Its goal was to establish more religious schools and for everything to be under control of the church/religion. It resulted in a more strict control of the Catholic faith, that prevented further reformist movements from happening within. This movement happened within the Roman Catholic church.
Rome was important to the counter-reformation because the movement began within the Roman Catholic church. It was also a birthplace for the Roman Inquisition that was established in 1541 by Pope Paul in order to suppress Lutheranism in Italy.