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Civil War

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西川 綾

on 10 November 2014

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Transcript of Civil War

The Reconstruction of the South after the Civil War
The Nation moves toward Reunion
The Reconstruction of South
Tuesday, November 11th, 2014
Aya Nishikawa
Events Leading up to the Civil War
Civil War
Southern Slave States vs. Northern Free States
Abolitionists Ideas
1860 Election
Southern States VS. Northern States
1860 Election
The Strategies in Civil War
The Important Resources, strategies, battles, and events of the Civil War
End of Reconstruction
Thank You for Watching!
~ Civil War~
Aya Nishikawa
Ms. Doremus
US History
November 5th, 2014
Events Leading up to the Civil War

The Civil War

The Reconstruction Era
South :plantation agriculture
With slavery

North : industrial economy
without slavery

Slavery separated North and South
Abolitionist movements
: wanted to end the slavery
Wilmot Proviso
- stated : slavery should be banned in the territory won from Mexico

Free Soil Party
- antislavery political parties
- stop spread of slavery

Compromise of 1850
California - free state
undid the Missouri Compromise

Popular Sovereignty
have own opportunity to decide to become slave state or free state
Abolitionist Ideas
Antislavery novel -
Uncle Tom's Cabin
Kansas Nebraska Act
created Kansas and Nebraska
Bleeding Kansas
battle between antislavery and proslavery
Dred Scott Decision
inflames the Nation
African Americans were not citizens
Lincoln Douglas Debates
John Brown Plans a Revolt
Abraham Lincoln won the election
South Carolina secede from the Union
Six other states joined South Carolina
War Begins at Fort Sumter
The Strategies used
The major battle
Main events happened

.... in Civil War
Different advantages and disadvantages = different strategies
Advantages and Disadvantages of South
Advantages :
highly committed
fines military leaders
fighting in home land
Disadvantages :
form government + direct
a war at the same time
Advantages and Disadvantages of North
Advantages :
developed / industrialized
well-organized navy
more population
Disadvantages :
less committed
only 16,000 men in army
Battle Strategies in South
North : Anaconda Plan
block southern port
control Mississippi river
South : Fight a defensive war
Robert E. Lee
wait for North to get tire
Battle Strategies in North
The Major Battle in Civil War
The Battle of Gettysburg
Gettysburg Address
Ulysses S. Grant
April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885
commanding general
five victories in three weeks
led the Union Armies to victory
18th President of the United States (1869–1877)
Events happened during Civil War
William T. Sherman
Sherman's march to the Sea
strategy : total war
destroy homes, plantations, etc.
Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House
Reconstruction - brought South back into the Union
Creation of Freedman's Bureau
aid freed slaves
reunite family separated by slavery
fair labor
Andrew Johnson became President

Lincoln assassinated

black codes
- limited the right of African Americans
13th, 14th, 15th Amendments
13th Amendment
ended slavery in South
14th Amendment
full citizenship status and rights to every person
15th Amendment
every male can vote
The Ku Klux Klan
organized secret society
used terror and violence
didn't want African Americans to vote
Congress passed laws
making it a crime to use violence to prevent people from voting
The election in 1860
Nation moves toward to Reunion
Reconstruction of South
End of Reconstruction
Speech from Lincoln toward North
to motivate North to fight South
Union's victory at Gettysburg
Lee's forces were destroyed
turning point of the Civil War
The Missouri Compromise
- Missouri enter as the Slave State
-Maine enter as the free state
Emancipation Proclamation
John Brown - white abolitionist
Date : October 16th - 18th, 1859
Location : Harpers Ferry(Virginia)
Result : United States Victory

Abraham Lincoln
Stephen A. Douglas
Both wanted to control Illinois legislature
series of 7 debates
The elections of 1874 & 1876
1874 - Republican lost control of House of Representatives
1876 - Rutherford B. Hayes won the election
Works Cited
"Battle of Gettysburg." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 31 Oct. 2014. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.
"Freedmen’s Bureau." History.com. A&E Television Networks, n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2014.
"The Gettysburg Address." History Net Where History Comes Alive World US History Online The Gettysburg Address Comments. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 Nov. 2014.
"John Brown's Raid on Harpers Ferry." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 11 July 2014. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.
"Lincoln Douglas Debate." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 10 Nov. 2014.
Lutz, Alexandra. "Civil War Begins: Northern and Southern Advantages Compared." Education Portal. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.
Lutz, Alexandra. "Life in the South After the Civil War." Education Portal. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.
"Strengths and Weaknesses: North vs. South." Ushistory.org. Independence Hall Association, n.d. Web. 08 Nov. 2014.
"Surrender at Appomattox, 1865." Surrender at Appomattox, 1865. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.
"Ulysses Simpson Grant." Bio. A&E Television Networks, 2014. Web. 09 Nov. 2014.

Radical republicans emerged
Full transcript