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Transcript of 1984
Applicable Literary Theories
Archetypal Literary Theory (Irony and Satire):
Big Brother (The Party)
1984 - George Orwell
Applicable Literary Theories
Ideological superstructure of this society is determined by materials, and the class consciousness comes from Oceania's means of material production.
Hierarchy maintained through primitive technology
"If the machines were used deliberately for that end, hunger, overwork, dirt, literacy, and disease could be eliminated within a few generations." (Orwell 113)
Takes place in the country of Oceania
In the year 1984 (would have been the future when the novel was published in 1949)
Constantly at war with new enemies. Resulting in poor living conditions (rations, poverty)
The concept of privacy is obsolete
Official language of Oceania. Specifically engineered to remove the
ex. The word "bad" cannot be used, only "ungood"
The society of 1984 is dystopic, ruled by an overbearing government, censored in everything they do
All of the thinking done by Big Brother and his party
INGSOC (newspeak for "English socialism")
INGSOC social class system
The power to hold two completely contradictory beliefs in one's mind simultaneously, and accept both of them.
A vast system of pipes, which tubes of documents can be inserted
Once a document enters this system the information is wiped
The Party uses methods like this to control the output of knowledge and history within Oceania.
A person which the government dubs are a "law breaker"
Erased from society, physically and through the alteration of citizens memories
False information controls the minds of citizens
Party uses propaganda as a powerful weapon
"Doublethink" a newspeak word created by the party INGSOC and is the ability to hold two contradictory opinions at the same time without noticing the contradiction, a mind trick which causes the people to be more subject to change, and disregard the fact they are oppressed
Example: "WAR IS PEACE, FREEDOM IS SLAVERY, IGNORANCE IS STRENGTH"
party uses these slogans to control the minds of citizens
"To know and not to know, to be conscious of complete truthfulness while telling completely constructed lies...knowing them to be contradictory but believing both of them, to use logic against logic."
To Demonstrate the True Power and Influence the Party has....
We invite you to join a daily ritual performed here in Oceania. Insure your telescreens are tuned on and are at full volume.
We Interrupt Your Daily Programming to Bring You: Two Minute Hate
It is your right to boo, hiss and curse. Release any negative emotions.
Oppression & Revolution
The society of Oceania is oppressed by Big Brother and The Party, and does not allow rights of freedom of speech, thought, or emotion
Loss of privacy
"Power is tearing human minds to pieces and putting them together again in new shape of your own choosing" (Orwell 266)
"Doublethink means the power of holding two contradictory beliefs in ones mind simultaneously, and accepting both of them" (Orwell 214)
Application to Pop Culture:
Post 9/11: Our Government
The tragedy of 9/11 caused modern day political systems to reevaluate the potential of threats residing within their homeland-boarders
Fear fueled methods of gaining extensive information, hence NSA established
Removal of privacy as "protection" caused a spike drastic surveillance measures
Access to internet searches and screening of telephone calls without warrant
Panic and paranoia mimicked by Orwell's fictional society
Michael Brown Case
Represents an blatant imbalance of power between social and political hierarchies
Ties between the physical brutality Winston faces by O'Brian, a person he was supposedly meant to trust
Deconstruction of protests in Ferguson Missouri, hence removing rights & freedoms- as seen in 1984
Always under threat
Bourgeoisie Vs. Proletariat
Lack of freedom
"they'll shoot me i dont care theyll shoot me in the back of the neck i dont care down with big brother they always shoot you in the back of the neck i dont care down with big brother"
Everyone of Oceania loves Big Brother, while Winston hates him
Understands the corruption around him, while everyone else is ignorant to it
Does Not Triumph
Through brainwashing and torture, ends as an oblivious member of society
Any hope for revolution must come from the proletariat class people
"If there was hope, it MUST lie in the proles, because only there in those swarming disregarded masses, 85 per cent of the population of Oceania, could the force to destroy the Party ever be generated." (Orwell 1.7,1)
The party cannot be destroyed from within as Winston soon discovers, and even the Brotherhood lacks the power to defeat the mighty thought police.
The Proles in Oceania constitute the vast majority of the population
Portrayed as a very uneducated, unmotivated group of people
Emmanuel Goldstein the leader of the brotherhood, ex-leader of The Party totally disregards the Proles, saying they are destined to remain powerless
"But the proles, if only they could somehow become conscious of their own strength, would have no need to conspire." (1.7.2)
Post 9/11, the US government lead using fear
Elements of truth and realism
Could happen, but has not yet. Holds a What If?
The Bourgeoisie consists of the inner party members and the few wealthy outer party members
They follow and promote Big Brother and the Party, and create laws and regulations enforced by the thought police
keeps the outer party members under very close surveillance through the telescreens
live in relatively spacious conditions, and have access to servants who are usually prisoners of war
Examples: O'Brien, Big Brother
"an instance of unorthodox or controversial thinking, considered as a criminal offense or as socially unacceptable."
Are we there yet?
Important Images: The Thoughts of Winston Smith
Important Images: A Glace of Oceania
Important Images: "The Book" to Guide the Rebellion?