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Civil Rights Movement Prezi
Transcript of Civil Rights Movement Prezi
The civil rights movement was the political
movement for equality before the law
occurring between approximately 1950-1980.
In many situations it took the form of campaigns
of civil resistance aimed at achieving change by
nonviolent forms of resistance. In some
situations it was followed,by civil
unrest and armed rebellion. The process was long and tenuous and many of these movements did not fully achieve their goals.Although the efforts of these movements did lead to improvements in the legal rights of previously oppressed groups of people.
MLK and other Civil Rights
Movement Leaders Pictured at the
Lincoln Memorial, Aug.28,1963.
August 28th,1963 is the day
Martin Luther King gave his
famous "I Have a Dream" speech. (:
From the Beginning
From the Beginning...
Dred Scott was a slave who unsuccessfully sued for his, his wife's, and his two daughters' freedom. He sued his slave owner, who had had slaves in states where slavery was illegal. The United States Supreme Court decided 7–2 against Scott, finding that neither he nor any other person of African ancestry could claim citizenship in the United States. Basically saying African Americans weren't citizens.
This Supreme Court Case upheld the constitutionality of state laws requiring racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal". Plessy was 7/8ths white and 1/8th black. But under law, he was considered African American. He boarded a "white's only" train. Plessy was arrested for violating the "Separate Car Act"
State and Local Laws in the United States enacted between 1876 and 1965. They enforced segregation in all public facilities in Southern states of the former Confederacy, with, starting in 1890, a "separate but equal" status for African Americans. These included social, educational and economic injustice. Blacks had curfews, different schools, different banks, jobs, etc;
Dred Scott v.Standford 
The Ratifying of Jim Crow Laws
Plessy v. Ferguson
13th Amendment banning slavery.
W. E. B. Du Bois's article The Talented Tenth published, as well as his seminal work The Souls of Black Folk.
Washington was an African-American educator, author, orator, and advisor to Republican presidents. He was the dominant leader in the African-American community in the United States from 1890 to 1915. He supported 'seperate but equal', believed in slow change, and agreed with segregation, he just wanted to make sure it was really equal.
Booker T. Washington's autobiography Up from Slavery is published.
DuBois was an American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, author and editor. After graduating from Harvard, where he was the first African American to earn a doctorate, he became a professor of history, sociology and economics at Atlanta University. DuBois was one of the co-founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in 1909. He focused more on education and demanded fast change. Washington's foil.
Talented Tenth: if 10% of blacks were educated, they were to become leaders and teach the other 90%.
Newly elected president Woodrow Wilson orders physical re-segregation of federal workplaces and employment after nearly 50 years of integrated facilities.
In Guinn v. United States, the Supreme Court rules against grandfather clauses used to deny blacks the vote.
Bessie Coleman becomes the first African American to earn a pilot's license.
August 8 – 35,000 Ku Klux Klan members march in Washington, D.C.
March 25– Scottsboro Boys arrested(Nine young black boys accused of rape; TKAM).
President Franklin Delano Roosevelt issues Executive Order 8802, the "Fair Employment Act", to require equal treatment and training of all employees by defense contractors.
President Harry S. Truman issues Executive Order 9981 ordering the end of segregation in the Armed Forces.
McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents the Supreme Court rules that a public institution of higher learning could not provide different treatment to a student solely because of his race.
Henderson v. United States the Supreme Court abolishes segregation in railroad dining cars.
Sweatt v. Painter the Supreme Court rules that a separate-but-equal Texas law school was actually unequal, partly in that it deprived black students from the collegiality of future white lawyers.
The United States Army high command announces it will desegregate the Army.
The home of NAACP activists Harry and Harriette Moore in Mims, Florida, is bombed by KKK group; both die of injuries.
The Supreme Court rules against the "separate but equal" doctrine in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans. and in Bolling v. Sharpe, thus overturning Plessy v. Ferguson.
In Montgomery, Alabama, 23 black children are prevented from attending all-white elementary schools, defying the recent Supreme Court ruling.
The Supreme Court rules in "Brown II" that desegregation must occur with "all deliberate speed".
Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat on a bus, starting the Montgomery Bus Boycott.Nine months after 15-year-old high school student Claudette Colvin refused to give up her seat. Colvin's was the legal case which eventually ended the practice in Montgomery.
Dr. King sentenced to fine or jail for calling Montgomery bus boycott, suspended pending appeal.
Supreme Court turns down Alabama laws of segregating buses; banning Jim Crow in bus travel among the states.
Civil Rights Act of 1957 signed by President Eisenhower.
Bethel Baptist Church in Birmingham is bombed by Ku Klux Klan members.
Dr. King speaks for the integration of schools at a rally of 26,000 at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, DC.\
Felton Turner of Houston is beaten and hanged upside-down in a tree, initials KKK carved on his chest.
Civil Rights Act of 1960 signed by President Dwight D. Eisenhower.
MLK Jr. meets Senator John F. Kennedy
MLK Jr. and fifty others arrested at sit-in at Atlanta’s Rich’s Department Store and MLK’s earlier probation revoked; he is transferred to Reidsville State Prison.
First group of Freedom Riders go into Alabama; bus is burned.
MLK Jr., the Freedom Riders, and congregation of 1,500 at Rev. Ralph Abernathy’s First Baptist Church in Montgomery are besieged by mob of segregationists; Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy sends federal marshals to protect them.
All interstate buses required to display a certificate that reads: “Seating aboard this vehicle is without regard to race, color, creed, or national origin." 
MLK Jr. Is arrested a day after arriving in Alabama
Incoming Alabama governor George Wallace calls for "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever" in his inaugural address.
MLK Jr's Letter from Birmingham Jail is completed.
Birmingham's juvenile court is inundated with African-American children and teenagers arrested after James Bevel launches his "D-Day" youth march, which spans three days to become the Children's Crusade.
President John F. Kennedy makes his historic civil rights speech, promising a bill to Congress the next week. About civil rights for "Negroes", in his speech he asks for "the kind of equality of treatment which we would want for ourselves."
NAACP worker Medgar Evers is murdered in Jackson, Mississippi. (His killer is convicted in 1994.)
March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom is held. Dr. Martin Luther King gives his "I Have a Dream" speech.
Civil Rights Act of 1964 is signed, banning discrimination based on "race, color, religion, sex or national origin" in employment practices and public accommodations
Dr. Martin Luther King is awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, the youngest person so honored
A peaceful protest march in Selma leads to Jimmie Lee Jackson being shot to death by Alabama state trooper James Bonard Fowler, who in 2007 is indicted for his murder.
Malcolm X is shot to death in Manhattan, New York, probably by three members of the Nation of Islam.
Dr. Martin Luther King is shot and killed in Memphis, Tennessee by James Earl Ray.
First interracial kiss on American television, between Nichelle Nichols and William Shatner on Star Trek.