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facts about hedgehogs

donnie daniels

on 18 March 2011

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Transcript of hedgehogs

Hedgehogs! There are about 14 species of hedgehogs - - There are 4 main groups
1)European Hedgehog
2) African white-bellied Hedgehog
3) Desert Hedgehog
4) Long-eared Hedgehog - When confronted with an interesting scent, the hedgehog will lick and bite the object, creating a scented saliva in its mouth. They will then smear this spittle along their spines. This is called "self-anointing." Scientists don't know why hedgehogs do this. - Hedgehogs that live in more temperate climates, where there is no need for hibernation or estivation, may enter hibernation when food is scarce. -The hedgehog is born with its spines lying just under the skin. The spines will "sprout" 2-3 days after they are born.
-Not many creatures prey on hedgehogs, ferrets and owls being among the few. However, adult male hedgehogs will prey on newborns, thereby forcing female hedgehogs to rigorously guard their nests -Female hedgehogs have a recommended maximum two litters a year -Hedgehogs have poor eyesight, but have a great sense of smell -The breeding season of a hedgehog is around April to September, while the main period of activity is May and June.
- The babies of a hedgehog have a high mortality rate -The babies of a hedgehog leave their mother as well as their nest when they are around 4-5 weeks old - The hedgehog species is believed to be as much as around ten million years old - Hedgehogs are frequently depicted as offerings in tomb reliefs of the Old Kingdom and, more rarely, in hunting scenes amidst larger animals in full flight. -Hedgehogs prefer to live apart from other members of their own species, however, can form a tight bond with their human counterparts - -Hedgehogs prefer controlled periods of light and darkness, as well as undisturbed periods of rest. -Hedgehogs have very sensitive senses of smell and hearing. They can even hear in the ultrasonic range.
-If necessary, a hedgehog can run over six feet per second. In fact, many hedgehogs will attempt to escape an attacker before they roll into a protective, spiny ball.
Short, prickly spines cover a hedgehog's entire back. Also known as quills, these defensive tools are really modified, hollow hairs and are not poisonous or barbed.

European Hedgehogs - It can be 7 to 12 inches long with a tail 1/2 to 2 inches long and weighs 21 to 28 ounces. - It has a normal coat and long, thick spines that are over 1 inch long - They are gray at the bottom to brownish-black on top, and the underbody fur is a yellowish-brown to dark brown in color. They have a set of long whiskers on either side of their long snout African white-bellied Hedgehog - It can be 6 inches long with only a stub of a tail - It weighs 18 to 25 ounces. They have five toes on the front feet and four toes on the back feet - - Their quills are less than 1 inch long in color, the quills are called salt and pepper - The snout is tan with the fur on the cheeks, belly and legs being white. - This is the most common color variation Desert Hedgehog - The desert hedghog is the smallest hedgehog, It is 5 1/2 to 11 inches long It weighs 10-18 ounces. - The spines can be wrinkled and the color can be dark to light colors, It can also be a mix of brown, yellow, white, and black - The rounded ears and the pointed snout are brown - The forehead and sides are white - The feet and tail are dark brown Long-eared Hedgehog.
- - It is thinner and stands higher on its legs - The snout is sharply pointed and it has large pointed ears - The back is cream-colored quills with the face being white or brownish in color - The legs and tail are white and the feet are gray-brown The belly is light brown to white - * The large ears help it to cool itself in the heat Types of hedgehogs THE END Donnie Daniels
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