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US History Standard One

This standard covers the colonization of Viriginia, cultivation of tobacco, class distinctions, and the rise of slavery.
by

Gwen Kaminsky

on 31 August 2011

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Transcript of US History Standard One

Describe European settlement in North America during the 17th Century.
Virginia New England Mid-Atlantic Colonies Quebec Impact of Location and Place Virginia Company Tobacco cultivation Relations with Native Americans House of Burgesses Bacon's Rebellion First permanent English colony in North America at Jamestown. Business venture of Virginia Company, an English firm that planned to make moeny by sending people to America to find gold and other valuable natural resources and then ship the resources back to England. Established legislative assembly. Legislative assembly that was similar to England's Parliament. First European-type legislative body in the New World. No gold, but English workers learned how to grow tobacco. Tobacco became a major cash crop and important source of wealth. Helped to develop major social and economic divisions between those who owned land and those who did not. Labor-intensive work; economy became dependent on SLAVERY. Virginia's rich soil, temperate climate, coastal harbors, and river systems aided the colony's growth, especially the Jamestown settlement. Easy access to commercial waterways allowed colonists to export tobacco and other natural resources to England, as well as to import much-needed manufactured goods from English markets. The trans-Atlantic trade made it possible for the colony to prosper and expand. Native Americans had lived for centuries on the land the English settlers called Virginia. Powhatan was chief of four of the tribes and father of Pocahantas. Soon after the English settlers arrived, they forced the Native Americans off their own land so it could be used by the settlers for agricultural purposes, especially to grow tobacco. Their actions caused many Native Americans to flee the region and seek new places to live. All colonists did not own land. Poor English and slave colonists staged an uprising against the governor and his landowning supporters. In what is called Bacon's Rebellion, the landless rebels wanted harsher action against the Native Americans so more land would be available to the colonists. The rebellion was put down and the Virginia House of Burgesses passed laws to regulate slavery so poor white colonists would no longer side with slaves against rich white colonists. New England
Puritans
Dissent Among the Puritans
King Phillip's War Salem Witch Trials
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