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Cool Jazz

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by

Vicky Kuo

on 10 April 2014

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Transcript of Cool Jazz

Cool Jazz
History of Cool Jazz
- Emerged from bebop in late 1940s and early 1950s
- Associated with West Coast Jazz
- Leaders of the cool jazz era:
Lester Young - tenor sax
Stan Getz - tenor sax
Lennie Tristano - piano
Miles Davis- trumpet
Characteristics
simpler, softer and more melodic
relaxed tempos
stable dynamics
emphasis on counter melodies
sophisticated harmonies
some groups were influenced by classical music
explored polyphonic textures and imitation
more use of unusual time signatures
non conventional ensembles were more accepted

Tone Colour
Instrumentation
Trumpet, Alto Sax, Baritone Sax, Trombone, French Horn, Tuba, Double Bass, Piano, Drumkit

Describing the tone colour
Not brassy
Smooth
Gentle and soft
Warm

Dynamics and Expressive Techniques
Dynamics
Swelling dynamics
Decrescendos at the end of phrases

Expressive Techniques
Legato
Accents
Pizzicato – bass
Brushes

Structure
- Head
- Alto Sax Solo
- Head
- Alto Sax Solo
- Bari Sax Solo
- key change minor
- head
Moon Dreams
As recorded by Miles Davis
music by Chummy MacGregor
Arranged by Gil Evans
Score Analysis

Characteristics Typical of the Jazz Genre
- improvisation
- the 'swing feel' - syncopation
- multiple rhythms and melodies
- notes of the blues scale
- basic jazz instrumentation
Tempo, Time Signature, Rhythm, Texture
- slow and quite steady
- 4/4
- melodies are swung and syncopated
- the texture:
head is polyphonic and during solos is frequently homophonic
Summary of Cool characteristics in Moon Dreams
relaxed, steady tempo
lyrical melody line
complex, interesting harmonies
instrumentation
polyphonic textures
laid back, warm
Full transcript