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Views Towards Abortion- TOK

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Melisa Turkay

on 29 November 2012

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Transcript of Views Towards Abortion- TOK

ABORTION WHY THIS ISSUE 1. There is no right or wrong answer
2. Different cultures have different
perspectives
3. Different religions approach it
differently
4. It has become a currently debated
issue in our country, TURKEY KNOWLEDGE ISSUE The knowledge issue that goes along
with our topic is :
- To what extent can a religion or
government impose it's own values on an individual RELIGION AND ABORTION 1 ISLAM AND ABORTION PROHIBITS ABORTION
“Who so ever separated the life of soul, it is as though he has separated the life of all people. Who so ever has killed a soul, it is as though he has murdered all the man kind.” Kuran 5:32 The Islam religion also states that the parents that are scared that they will not be economically enough for their child, they should trust Allah to guide them through.
“Kill not your offspring for fear of poverty; ıt is we who provide for them and for you. Surely killing them is a great sin.” Kuran 17:32. " 2 CHRISTIANITY AND ABORTION PROHIBITS ABORTION
“Before I formed you in the womb, I knew you, before you were born I set you apart” Jeremiah 1:5 God has a plan for every human being even before they are born.

Once Christians establish that the foetus is a human being, the sanctity of life teachings all apply: “In the image of God” – Genesis 1:26 “Do not kill” – Exodus 20:13”You yourselves are God's temple” - 1 Corinthians 3:16 ALLOWS ABORTION
“If some men are fighting and hurt a pregnant woman so that she loses her child, but she is not injured in any other way, the one who hurt her is to be fined whatever amount the womans husband demands and the court allows. But if the woman herself is injured, the punishment shall be life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth.” Exodus 21:22-25This suggests that causing the death of an unborn child is not as serious as killing someone who is already born. 3 JUDAISM AND ABORTION Judaism does not forbid abortion, but it does not permit abortion on demand. Abortion is only permitted for serious reasons. Judaism expects every case to be considered on its own merits and the decision to be taken after consultation with a rabbi competent to give advice on such matters.

Strict Judaism permits abortion only in cases where continuing the pregnancy would put the mother's life in serious danger.According to the Mishnah (Sanhedrin 4:5):“Whoever destroys one life is as if he destroyed a whole world, and whoever preserves a life is as if he preserved the whole world.” 4 BUDDHISM AND ABORTION Buddhists believe that life should not be destroyed. They regard causing death as morally wrong, only if the death is caused deliberately.
Buddhism believes in rebirth and teaches that individual human life begins at conception. Buddhists faces a difficulty where an abortion is medically necessary to save the life of the mother and so a life will be lost whether there is or isn't an abortion. In such cases the moral status of an abortion will depend on the intentions of those carrying it out. According to the teachings of Buddha, five conditions must be present to constitute an act of killing.
- the killer, must know or be aware that it is a living being
-you must have the intention to kill it
-there must be an effort to kill the being
-must be killed as the result. Abortion Prohibited Not Prohibited All on legal request. To save a women's life. In case of rape or incest. Economical and social reasons For maternal health, mental health, and in cases of fetal impairment. USA
CANADA
PORTUGAL
SPAIN
FRANCE
TURKEY
SOUTH AFRICA ITALY
GERMANY
ROMANIA
GREECE
UKRAINE
RUSSIA
BULGARIA IRAN
AFGHANISTAN
IRAQ
SYRIA CHAD
SUDAN PAKISTAN
INDIA COLOMBIA
GUATEMALA
ARGENTINA MEXICO
NICARAGUA AUSTRALIA- differs
by region. Not Set 1. expulsion from the uterus of the products of conception before the fetus is viable.
2. premature stoppage of a natural or a pathological process.
artificial abortion- induced a.
complete abortion- one in which all the products of conception are expelled from the uterus and identified.
habitual abortion- spontaneous abortion occurring in three or more successive pregnancies, at about the same level of development.
incomplete abortion- that with retention of parts of the products of conception.
induced abortion- that brought on intentionally by medication or instrumentation.
inevitable abortion- a condition in which vaginal bleeding has been profuse and the cervix has become dilated, and abortion will invariably occur.
infected abortion- that associated with infection of the genital tract.
missed abortion retention in the uterus of an abortus that has been dead for at least eight weeks.
septic abortion- that associated with serious infection of the uterus leading to generalized infection.
spontaneous abortion- that occurring naturally.
therapeutic abortion- that induced for medical considerations.
threatened abortion- a condition in which vaginal bleeding is less than in inevitable abortion and the cervix is not dilated, and abortion may or may not occur. Abortion /Abor·tion/ (ah-bor´shun) The controversy over the practice of abortion in Turkey is the latest development reflecting the division between the ruling conservative Justice and Development Party and its opponents in the country.

Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's statement defining abortion as "murder" on May 25 ignited discussion on the issue.

Erdogan further elaborated his stance in the following days, saying that his government was preparing a bill prohibiting abortion after the foetus is four weeks old.

The prime minister, who has frequently called on families to have at least three children, also stated that the widespread practice of cesarean section was "an operation to hinder his country’s population".

He also made an analogy between the 'Uludere incident' and abortion with the words, "Every abortion is an Uludere (incident)."

The 'Uludere incident' involved the killing of 34 Kurdish civilian smugglers by a military air strike near the Iraqi-Turkish border last December.

Recep Akdag, the health minister and Ayhan Sefer Üstün, the chairman of parliament's human rights commission, took Erdogan's discourse a step further by saying that rape victims should not have abortion as "the state would take care of their babies if necessary". Abortion has been legal in Turkey since 1983 and the practice is allowed until the fetus is ten weeks old. At 14.8 abortions per 1,000 women in 2008, the country still trails far behind average global UN figures of 28 per 1,000 in the world. WHAT IS GOING ON IN OUR COUNTRY,
TURKEY DIFFERENT OPINIONS FROM OUR COUNTRY Aysegul Ulgen, 43, hairdresser: According to our religion, abortion can be practiced only if the child damages the mother's health. Apart from this, abortion should not be implemented even if there is a possibility of disability. State is doing this to protect women. Fulya Hisarlioglu, 30, PhD candidate: There is an obvious serious danger (with the ban). A project of creating a nation through women's body is underway. It is a sign of conservatism. Zehra Ozer, 74, housewife: As a person who was treated for uterine cancer, abortion should definitely be banned. It is unthinkable to make an exception for women raped. They should be cautious. Why don't we get raped? Idil Tarim, 53, interior architect: Maternal deaths decreased thanks to abortion. Women can choose not to give birth as a result of health issues, rape and other hardships. Zehra H, 56, florist: I am the mother of three children. I had an abortion before as we could not take care of more. We grew our children on the streets. You cannot take care of children without money. Emdiye Cakmak, 55, housewife: I live in a rural area and I had three abortions. It should not be banned. There are people with ten children who cannot even afford to buy shoes for their children. Is this good? Asli Alemdar, 37, housewife: Abortion is murder and should be prohibited. ALLOWS ABORTION IN SUCH CASES
“Islam allows abortion to save the life of the mother because it sees this as the 'lesser of two evils' and there is a general principle in Muslim law of choosing the lesser of two evils.Abortion is regarded as a lesser evil in this case because:”
-the mother is the 'originator' of the fetus
-the mother's life is well-established
-the mother has with duties and responsibilities
-the mother is part of a family
-allowing the mother to die would also kill the fetus in most cases BACK TO OUR KNOWLEDGE ISSUE RELATED WAYS OF KNOWING Factors that might effect deciding on abortion:

Classical induction: (for abortion)
-A friend of someone regrets having an abortion.
-Another friend regrets having an abortion.
-3rd friend regrets having an abortion.

Nth friend regrets having an abortion.
Therefore women who have abortions, regret their decision. Statistics:
Statistics enables correlations to be drawn
between things that are observed in the world
and possible factors that contribute to their occurrence.
e.g ...% of women who have abortions face no problems
...% of women who have abortions seek counseling. COMMENTING ON THE VIDEOS
- Argumentum ad miseracordiam: For persuasion they have referred to the appeal of pity. (Images, situations)

-Oversimplification of the issue. Hasty generalizations.

-Both videos are in a scale of black or white
(However the issue of abortions can not be classified as right or wrong. Emotion
The relationship between the emotions and our cognitive (intellectual) apparatus- that is what we know, think, believe, desire, value- is really important.

-How a person's view might change after seeing the baby.
-The support they receive.
-The advise they get.
-Their previous knowledge.
-How strongly they are tied to a specific
belief. Reasoning
It is the process of selecting, compiling, including, comparing, contrasting, classifying, naming, counting, estimating, and calculating.

Reasoning is closely related to emotion, sense perception, and language. And in the case of abortion, emotion majorly.

-Weighing the reasons, and conditions for or against an abortion.
-Pros vs. cons. The knowledge issue that goes along
with our topic was :
- To what extent can a religion or
government impose it's own values on an individual
Full transcript