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Feasibility of Charcoal and Used Engine Oil as an Alternativ

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Venise Cruz

on 4 July 2014

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Transcript of Feasibility of Charcoal and Used Engine Oil as an Alternativ

Feasibility of Charcoal and Used Engine Oil as an Alternative Whiteboard Marker Ink

Abstract
This study was conducted in order to determine the feasibility of charcoal and used engine oil as an alternative raw material for whiteboard marker ink production. The methods used in this study involve the pulverization of charcoal, which served as the main pigment source, and the filtration of the used engine oil that served as the vehicle of the ink. Also, an oil-miscible solvent was added to the ink solution to reduce its viscosity. Different formulations were determine and experimented by mixing all ingredients such as charcoal, used engine oil and the oil-miscible solvent. The different prepared ink formulations were tested on a whiteboard using empty whiteboard cartridges. The two experimented marker inks had different color intensity with each other and with the commercialized ink. The research findings showed that charcoal, used engine oil and cooking oil can be used as an alternative whiteboard marker ink.

Research Methodology
This experiment on creating “ALTERNATIVE WHITEBOARD MARKER INK” involves three parts of methods. First is the gathering of materials. Second is the making of the actual procedure itself and third, the transferring of the product to the refillable marker.

The materials needed in conducting the procedures are: 36ml used engine oil, 12ml charcoal, 11ml cooking oil, 3 measuring cups, mortar and pestle, wooden or any steel stirrer, medicine dropper, container with a capacity of 40ml and an empty refillable marker.

For the procedure, the charcoal was pounded into its finest pieces. The used engine oil, pounded charcoal, and cooking oil were mixed in a container based on the given measurements in each set-up shown in Fig. 1. After the solution mixed up, the researcher transferred the product into a refillable marker container using the medicine dropper. The results were observed and recorded.

Results and Discussion
Introduction
The advancement of teaching is not only shown by the development and usage of multimedia such as the projector and other devices, as the standard of teaching is through writing on the board and discussing what you’ve written to the students. Because the chalk has proven to have some bad effects to the health especially to those with a weak respiratory system, it was replaced with another erasable and effective writing tool, the whiteboard marker, but this efficiency is exchanged with a not so affordable price.
The purpose of this study is to prove whether or not charcoal and used engine oil could be used as an alternative to the whiteboard marker ink, thereby, producing a much more affordable yet similar one.
Background of the Study
Demands for whiteboard markers have risen ever since schools replaced their blackboards to whiteboards and chalks to whiteboard markers, which are easy to use and erase. Sometimes, students are required to bring their own whiteboard markers that is why the researchers chose this project in order to find an alternative way to produce whiteboard markers since commercialized whiteboard markers are expensive. The researchers also aim to help students acquire a less expensive whiteboard marker ink that could make a difference in their expenses for their school supplies.
Most of the students don’t have a whiteboard marker because they say that it’s costly. As a student researcher, we have researched about the materials that can be an alternative to produce a whiteboard marker ink. We found out that charcoal and used engine oil can be alternative materials to make a whiteboard marker ink. Charcoal being the pigment contains the chemical that can make our study possible enough. Whiteboard marker or dry-erase marker uses an erasable ink, made to be used on a slick, non-porous writing surface, for temporary writing, whiteboards.
Statement of the Problem
Being resourceful is very important to subdue the economic crisis we’re facing as of today. Now, our school is not anymore using green boards and chalks, instead we have the whiteboard or glass boards, the researchers sought to answer this problem:
Hypothesis
Alternative: Charcoal and used engine oil could create an alternative whiteboard marker ink.
Null: Charcoal and used engine oil could not create an alternative whiteboard ink.

Objectives
To promote recycling by recreating materials through used engine oil and charcoal
Significance of the Study
The importance of this study is that, through making this, we can promote recycling and reusing of wastes just like what we will be doing to the used engine oil and charcoal. We would also be able to promote the importance of finding alternatives to products, such as the saving of money. Most of all, with the success of this project, we may be able to motivate other people to do the same, that people may be able to see what we can do with waste products and that they may be provided with knowledge that they can make something out of those trashes, and therefore, be able to save our surroundings.
Scope and Limitations
Our study will only deal with the benefits of making an alternative to a whiteboard marker ink and its effectiveness as compared to the commercial whiteboard marker ink. It would be limited to the contents of our investigatory project which are charcoal, used engine oil and cooking oil, the advantages and disadvantages of the product, and its similarities and differences to the commercialized whiteboard marker ink.
The making of the product should range only from 2-3 hours, and the budget allotment would only be Php 17.00 since all the equipment and materials were reused.

Review of Related Literature
In the ancient times, people have used their own ways of writing, coming informs of carving, using colored liquids such as oil, and even making use of improvised sticks and stones. The most common evidence of this is the hieroglyphics found inscribed in caves. After a while, these people felt a need for change and improvement, so they have tried several ways to create something that they could write with more efficiently and effectively. The people’s growing curiosity about these things eventually motivated them to the advancement and modernization that we are still experiencing today.
Now, in modern times, we have all sorts of writing materials such as mechanical pencils, colored markers and different kinds of pens. But the one we are focusing one is the whiteboard marker, a marker that can be erased with just simple wiping, causing it to be the most favorable writing tool for teaching alongside with chalk, but, it also has it’s disadvantage such as its affordability as the whiteboard marker ink is expensive. So in this study, we have come up with a simple, cheap alternative to the whiteboard marker ink.
The review of the literature for this study focuses on procedures used for proving the feasibility of Charcoal and Used Engine Oil as an alternative whiteboard marker ink and what similarities and differences between the two has. The review focuses on identifying the advantages and disadvantages, if any, of making an alternative whiteboard marker ink out of the said materials.

Findings
Analysis of Data
In Set-Up A, which has 30mL used engine oil, 6mL of charcoal, and 5mL of cooking oil, had the darkest color produced but less smooth. In Set-Up B, which has equal amount of used engine oil, charcoal, cooking oil, had a lighter color but smoother than set-up A.
Surely, the amount of used engine oil affects the color for all of the experimental set-ups.
The researcher wrote on a whiteboard using the different experimental set-ups and a commercialized product to test their intensity level.

Conclusion
This Research Paper shows how you can produce an alternative whiteboard marker ink out of charcoal, used engine oil, and cooking oil within at most 2 days. The amount of used engine oil affects the intensity of color and as well as the quality of the end product. The less used engine oil is applied, the less intense the color will get. Aside from that, the benefits to be gained by conducting the research are far beneficiary by the citizens of the countries all throughout the world in terms of recycling. This only proves that charcoal, a light black residue consisting of carbon and any remaining ash, can be used to create an alternative whiteboard marker ink as the latter can be classified as carbon inks.
Recommendations
The researchers would like to recommend using a smaller amount of cooking oil. This way, the ink will not scatter on the whiteboard and the color will be darker. The researchers would also like to recommend searching for another component which could make the whiteboard marker ink darker and last longer. Lastly, others who would like to pursue the study of this project or perform it should make the experiment earlier to find out how long the ink will take.
Appendix
Sources
Castillo, Faith-Angela. “SCIENCE”
http://www.studymode.com/essays/Science-38790724.html September 2013
“Charcoal”
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charcoal, 21 August 2013.
Dela Cruz, Jeric C, De Vera, Jissele F., and Dela Roma, John Carlo D. http://region3.dost.gov.ph/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=117:feasibility-of-charcoal-and-used-engine-oil-as-alternative-materials-for-the-production-of-whiteboard-marker-ink&catid=15:chemistry&Itemid=45 September 2008
“Using charcoal efficiently”
http://www.fao.org/docrep/X5328E/x5328e0b.htm 01 February 2010

by: Venise Cruz | Cirila Sahagun | Michelle Valero
Is it possible to create an alternative whiteboard marker ink if charcoal and used engine oil was used?
To produce a less expensive whiteboard marker ink
To see the difference between the commercialized whiteboard marker inks and the produced whiteboard marker inks.
To still make use of used engine oil from cars and use other materials that are commonly seen around the house.
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