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What is nationalism?

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by

Lavinia Manea

on 15 February 2014

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Transcript of What is nationalism?

What is nationalism?
not
but
So...
WHEN?
key moment 1
key moment 3
1648
1886/7
KEY FEATURES

international system (public) law
sovereignty

territorial integrity

non-intervention

self-determination
supranational
working language?
16th century
nationalised
17th century
Latin! (of course)
professors?
working language?
RELEVANCE?
key moment 2
1789
3 key moments
HOW?
complexity
ambiguity
diversity
and now?
WHAT?
(types of nationalism)
CONSTANT features
sovereignty
VARIABLE features
glorious past
universal value
history
religion
economy
"area of civilisation"
social attitude
ideology
Again... WHAT?
ACTIVE nationalism & PASSIVE nationalism

3 DIMENSIONS
personal identity
ethic community
political community
CONSTANT
independence

&
pride
VARIABLE
history
economy
cultural claims & superiority
social attitude
(expression of nationalism)
EXPRESSION
enthusiastic or apathetic
personal
collective (political)
responsibility & solidarity
Introduction to...
Lavinia Manea
Marije Arentze

Content Managers
EBM Lublin
What to expect?
basic input
theory with examples & reflections
INTERACTIVITY ! (YES, please!)
CONTENT?
Basic questions
WHEN?
HOW?
(evolution)
(chronological positioning)
WHAT?
(alone and compared)

who?
why?
toolkit
Connection between nationalism and...
racism/fascism/nazism?
ethnocentrism?
patriotism?
jingoism?
xenophobia?
CONCLUSION?
What is a NATION?
Two different views
19th century (mass media)
as old as mankind
COMPROMISE
short history but long memory
NATIONALISM
NATIONAL THOUGHT
narrow: political programme
broad: evolution of nationalism
vs.
UK?

Italy?
France?
Germany?
Relevance?
civil rights, human dignity
equality,
liberty
(example?)
(example?)
nationalism of "nationalists"
mass media
from national thought to nationalism
diversification
CIVIC
ETHNIC
NATIONALISM
democracy
human rights
rule of law
race
language
culture
history
EXAMPLES?
Homogenuous nation?
"For a nation is it important to remember a lot but also to forget a lot". (Ernest Renan)
Poles?
Nation vs State?
“Nationalism is a belief that my nation is better than any other and people who are born in it are only because of this fact different.”
“I feel that the term Nationalism is used to describe people who are not in favour of European integration and can clearly see borders between every country. Those people are in favour of everyone belonging to their own country, instead of belonging to Europe.”

“I think that Nationalism can be seen as a way of group-formation and as a desire of people to belong somewhere, in this increasingly global and interconnected world.”
“For me Nationalism is some kind of egoism. If you are a nationalist you act and think first in the benefit for your own country or culture.”
“My point of view is that nationalism is the devotion to one’s own culture that in an excessive way can be harmful.”
“Nationalism is a sense of belonging, in this case to a region. Defending your ideas, values and habits of your place, your identity.”
“Nationalism is a way people people give meaning to their existence by saying: This is who I am, this is the right thing to do.”
“Nationalism is outlining the exceptionalism of your own nation in a very bold way.”
“I find nationalism rather hard to define as the concept is not limited to nations. It exists for any polity, even cities or the EU. “
“Nationalism is the attachment to national symbols.”
USE OF INFORMATION?
DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
EXPLANATION?
soft nationalism?
symptom of nationalism, universal value of culture
ethnic nationalism on the edge
birth - exclusive
choice - inclusive
patriotism gone wrong
In fear, fight, anger, pity and generally with everything that means pleasure or pain, there is a "too little" and a "too much" an neither is good.
But to have all these feelings when one should, about what and against whom one should, in the way one should, is a true virtue.
Aristotle
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