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k lee

on 7 April 2015

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Transcript of Map

Who is in this V&P space
We operate in a space made up of:
a. demand-side (non-profits which need volunteer time and funds). These have "umbrella bodies" / regulators eg NCSS, Charities Unit
b. supply-side (givers of time and money eg individual and corporate givers, grantmakers, informal groups)
c. intermediaries which serve the above

The borders are porous eg a government agency may supply and engage volunteers too.
3. Health, 128 (6%)
Cluster/Hospital Funds 18
Community/Chronic Sick Hospital 4
Day Rehabilitation Centre 4
Diseases/Illnesses Support Group 33
Home Care 2
Hospice 3
Hospital/Statutory Board 1
Nursing Home 11
Other Community-based Services 2
Palliative Home Care 2
Health Professional Group 11
Renal Dialysis 2
TCM Clinic 11
Trust/Research Funds 5
Others 26
1. Religious & others 1,273 (59%)

Religious: 1,071
Others: 202
animal welfare 11 (eg SPCA)
children/youth 24 (eg NYC*)
environment 19 (eg SEC)
humanitarian aid 3 (eg Mercy Relief)
self-help groups 6 (eg CDAC)
think tanks 15 (eg SIIA**)
general charitable purposes 112 (eg NVPC)
2. Social and welfare 362 (17%)
children/youth 79
disability (children) 10
disability (adult) 26
eldercare 46
family 43
support groups 27 (eg Helping Hand),
community 195 (eg AWWA)
Supply, demand, intermediaries
V&P Map
Demand side
Charities: 2,142
Includes 599 IPCs, mostly social and welfare, health
Total charity receipts: $12.6b
Almost half (48%) of receipts are from govt grants.
Donations form the smallest part of receipts (18%)
Commissioner of Charities Annual Report for YE 31 Dec 2013
Charity Portal
NVPC research as indicated
Donations are highest for "religious and others" followed by "social & welfare"
We know who the charities* are, how much money they have in general and how the money is split.
We also know how many volunteers there are in total, but not how the volunteers are split.

Compare what is covered in COC report, Code of Governance and what charities report on financials vs information available on volunteerism.

*Besides charities, there are also societies, most of which don't have charity status. There are over 7,800 societies. ROS. Retrieved Aug 21, 2014 from https://app.ros.gov.sg/ui/Index/SearchSociety.aspx
A charity listed in one sub-sector may be listed in another, eg AWWA is listed in community and disability (children)
Percentages do not add up to 100% because of rounding
5. Education, 122 (6%)
6. Community, 88 (4%)
7. Sports, 64 (3%)
IPC issues
Advisory services: marketing, finance, legal etc for NPOs
Conjunct Consulting
provide expertise of professionals and tertiary students in strategy, operations management and impact measures. conjunctconsulting.org/
(NVPC grantee)
gives access to services such as accounting, marketing and public relations etc. through voluntering by professionals and associations www.empact.sg/
(NVPC grantee)
Creatives For Causes
provide charities with pro-bono promotional communication services by matching them to suitable volunteers. www.creativesforcauses.com/
Law Society of Singapore
Pro-Bono Services Office Project Law Help match qualifying organisations with law firms to provide free non-litigation commercial legal services. probono.lawsociety.org.sg/
(NVPC grantee)
enables student leaders to create and implement community empowerment projects under guidance of academic advisors and business experts. enactus.org/
(NVPC grantee)
mobilizes people around the world to help social entrepreneurs to tackle challenges in their business which solve social and environmental issues. beta.makesense.org/
If we exclude religious charities, the biggest sector is social and welfare
*Also Federation of Youth Clubs
**LKYSPP, CSDA not listed here
No. of charities: 2,163
No. of charities in sub-sectors may not add up due to multiple counting eg a charity may be listed in more than one subsector
Source: Charity Portal, 20 Aug 14
Historical & Cultural Conversion 21
Literary Arts 3
Music & Orchestras 21
Professional, Contemporary & Ethnic 13
Theatre & Dramatic Arts 33
Traditional Ethnic Performing Arts 13
Training & Education 17
Visual Arts 16
Others 11
4. Arts & heritage 126 (6%)
Local Educational Institutions/Funds 37
Foreign Educational Institutions/Funds 26
Foundations & Trusts 38
Uniformed Groups 6
Government-Aided Schools 0
Independent Schools 0
Others 15
South West 18
North West 15
Central 24
North East 18
South East 13
NSAs 54
Non-NSAs 9 (eg Sports School)
Disability Sports 1
Competitive Sports 1
Mind Sports 0
Trust Funds 0
Youth Sports 1
Others 1
Many of these are CCC welfare funds. CDCs are part of "People's Association Network"
Volunteer management: top issues were lack of commitment from
volunteers, limited resources for a designated volunteer coordinator
Fundraising: most issues faced relate to internal capacity and knowledge (eg lack knowledge on sources of potential donors), followed by issues with donors (eg donor fatigue, restriction on use of funds).
Public sector
Policy maker, boundary spanner (eg supply, demand)
Biggest funder (half of charity receipts)
Largest employer (139,000 officers in 16 Ministries, over 50 Stat Boards)
Contact Singapore. Retrieved Aug 21, 2014 from https://www.contactsingapore.sg/key_industries/civil_public_service/
Private sector
Supply side
No. of business entities (companies, sole-proprietors etc): over 438,000
ACRA. Retrieved Aug 21, 2014 from https://www.acra.gov.sg/Live_entities_May2014.aspx
Singapore Chinese Chamber of Commerce & Industry > 4,000 corporate members and 151 trade association members, representing over 40,000 companies including MNCs, GLCs, SMEs
SBF >21,000 companies
SGX <500 Singapore companies
ASME 6,500
Social issues
Private sector issues
Overall corporate giving incidence is 29% *
Among top 10% companies, 2/3 respondents gave but more could be given; 3/5 givers gave <0.5% of pre-tax profits. Median donations in cash: $12,000 in 2011. Among non-givers, resource constraints was top reason for not giving. 3/5 respondents didn't have formalised giving practices**
Among some big givers, mismatch in expectations; NPOs most prefer cash donations as most preferred type of corporate giving but employee volunteering is the most preferred type of giving by corporations. Need to match corporates and NPOs to bridge the gaps. Also, corporations which have just started on corporate giving need more guidance to develop a long-term corporate giving strategy aligned with corporate vision***
*Sample size >2,000. NVPC State of Giving (2005) (data is dated). Cf 43% of Singapore businesses donated money to community causes/charities. Sample: 50 Singapore mid-market business leaders. Grant Thornton (2014)
**NVPC Corporate Giving Survey (2012). Sample size: 123
***NVPC Expectation Gaps in Corporate Giving (2014) (qualitative study, small sample: 20 corp, 20 non profits)
1/3 volunteer, jump in occasional (1/2 to 3/4) vs regular volunteers
9/10 donate, mean $305 ie <$1 per day. Lower income give higher proportion of income
95% of current volunteers donate vs 86% of non volunteers. Former give almost 2x more (mean amount) than latter
20 grantmakers per million people in Singapore (US has 11x more)
Grants made as % of GDP comparable to US, UK (0.25%)
Public sector issues
Quality, extent of volunteering (refer awards)
NVPC IGS (2012)
COC Annual Report YE Dec 2013
Individual giving issues
Most employees would participate in volunteering activities if employers organised them but only 1 in 4 employees said their employers had organised such activities in the past 12 months.
Most donors usually decided which organisations to donate to only when asked. Donors who decide in advance which organisations to donate to gave on average 2.5x the amount given by those who decide only when asked (Mean $531 vs $210)
Most people agreed NPOs play a major role in making our communities better places to live in but only half agreed that NPOs manage volunteers and donated funds properly. Those who agreed gave more time and money
How to increase donation amounts: more information about how donations are used, more information about the organisation receiving money
NVPC State of Giving 2005 (data is dated)
Grantmaking issues
No. of grantmakers low
Most grant applications unable to meet grantmaking guidelines
NVPC IGS (2012, 2006)
NVPC State of Giving 2005 (data is dated)
V&P related

Community Foundation of Singapore
connects donors and beneficiaries; facilitate grant-making by ensuring donors’ charitable interests are matched to causes close to their hearts. www.cfs.org.sg
Employee Engagement Programs, in support of business’ core objectives, are customized volunteerism packages that engage company staff and meet a social need. www.citycare.org.sg (NVPC grantee)
or Managing & Organising Volunteer Efforts is a group of active practitioners of volunteer management who have come together to further the development of their practice into a profession. www.move.org.sg (NVPC partner)
is a free online fundraising platform for all charities. www.giveasia.org/
Singapore Kindness Movement
(SKM) wants to encourage everyone to start, show and share kindness. kindness.sg
Intermediary issues
There are more than 10 service providers which serve charities.
Most service providers are small and most help charities in areas other than V&P, ie there are few service providers that exist to grow giving
There are far more companies and individuals than there are non-profits; again, few service providers exist to help companies and individuals grow giving
NVPC Social Health Project (2013)
NVPC Survey of IPCs* (2006)
*287 respondents
Governance / leadership
Shared Services For Charities
independently reviews charities for better governance and organisational excellence. www.sscharities.com/
Centre for Non-Profit Leadership
(CNPL) helps non-profit sector create a leadership pipeline and build effective boards. www.cnpl.org.sg/
(formerly Mentoring Partnership International,
NVPC grantee)
Sector administrator
Some issues fall clearly within defined sectors, eg health or social service. Others are less obvious; housing, income security and individual well-being may be rooted in education and social service concerns.

Public sector agencies look into these issues; there are also volunteer and philanthropic (V&P) efforts to address these issues.
Knowledge gap: what sector administrators do in relation to V&P
Alternative way to cluster sectors
1. Religious
2. Social service, education, health, youth
3. Self-help, grassroots
4. Arts, environment, sports
5. Overseas
Volunteering preferences
1. Formal volunteering
2. Informal volunteering
3. Occasional
4. Regular (weekly, monthly)

Volunteer work categories
1. Direct service with beneficiaries: human services, education related, health related
2. Fundraising, vol mgt
3. Performing (arts, heritage, sports)
4. Animal care, green efforts
5. Indirect service (capability building): professional, managerial services, boards and committees, skilled trades, property-related
6. General services and admin; may be direct or indirect

Adapted from IGS
Full transcript