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Syria

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by

Melody Lesperance

on 14 October 2014

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Transcript of Syria

A Closer Look at Syria
Syria
Hemisphere-
Northern
Continent-
Asia
Syria's Flag
Syria's Location
by Melody Lesperance
World Cultures-
Mr.Gingrich
Period 1

America
Population -
313.9 million
Population-

22.4 Million
Compare & Contrast
Syria & America
*For every
1
Syrian, there are
14
Americans
Syria Population Density
America Population Density
Land Area-
3.794 million sq miles
Land Area-

71,998 sq miles
Main Exports-

crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, wheat
Export Partners-
Iraq 55.9%, Saudi Arabia 9.3%, Kuwait 6.1%, UAE 5.3%, Lebanon 4.2% (2012)
Literacy Rate-
Total Population:

84.1%
Male:

90.3%
Female:

77.7% (2011 est.)
Main Ethnic Groups-
Arab-

90.3%
Kurds, Armenians, and other-

9.7%
Main Religions-

Sunni Muslim (Islam - official) 74%, other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%, Christian (various denominations) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo)
Main Languages-

Arabic (official), Kurdish, Armenian, Aramaic, Circassian (widely understood); French, English (somewhat understood)
Internet Users-
23 out of 100 (people)
Type of Government-
Republic under an authoritarian regime
Main Exports-
agricultural products (soybeans, fruit, corn) 9.2%, industrial supplies (organic chemicals) 26.8%, capital goods (transistors, aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers, telecommunications equipment) 49.0%, consumer goods (automobiles, medicines) 15.0%
Export Partners-
Canada 18.9%, Mexico 14%, China 7.2%, Japan 4.5% (2012)
Literacy Rates-

Total population:
99%
Male:
99%
Female:
99%
Main Ethnic Groups-
White
79.96%
,
Black
12.85%
,
Asian
4.43%
,
Amerindian and Alaska native
0.97%
,
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander
0.18%
, two or more races
1.61
%
Main Religions-
Protestant
51.3%
,
Roman Catholic
23.9%
,
Mormon
1.7%
,
other Christian
1.6%
,
Jewish
1.7%
,
Buddhist
0.7%
,
Muslim
0.6%
,
other or unspecified
2.5%
,
unaffiliated
12.1%
,
none
4%

Main Languages-
English

82.1%
,
Spanish

10.7%
,
Indo-European

3.8%
,
Asian and Pacific island

2.7%
,
other

0.7%
Number of Internet Users-
81 out of 100 people have availability to the internet
Type of Government-

Democracy

General Location -
Middle East
Geography
Turkey
Jordan
Saudi Arabia
Yemen
Oman
Lebanon
Israel
Iran
Iraq
Egypt
Sudan
Ethiopia
Somalia
Pakistan
Afghanistan
Turkmenistan
Neighboring Countries
Capital City-
Damascus
Damscus
Political Map
Physical Map
Major Bodies of Water
-Mediteranean Sea
-Tigris & Euphrates River
-Lake al-Assad
-Khabar River
Tigris River
Euphrates River
Lake al-Assad
Khabar River
Mediterranean Sea
Population
Age Distribution-
0-14 years: 33.9% (male 3,900,073/female 3,707,117)
15-24 years: 20.8% (male 2,387,006/female 2,285,496)
25-54 years: 36.9% (male 4,214,621/female 4,075,181)
55-64 years: 4.6% (male 504,422/female 517,413)
65 years and over: 3.9% (male 395,806/female 470,201)
Urban Population-
56.1% of total population (2011)
Rate of urbanization-
2.36% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
School Life Expectancy-

Total:
11 years
Male:
12 years
Female:
11 years (2007)
Government & Economy
Ruler of Syria-

President Bashar al-Assad
Reflective Question:
How did al-Assad come to power?
-10 days after his father (President of Syria) died, al-Assad was voted into power to serve a 7 year term as president. He had no intention of entering politics.


Health
Life Expectancy-
Total population: 75.14 years
country comparison to the world: 97
Male: 72.74 years
Female: 77.69 years
Fertility Rate-
2.77 children born/ 1 woman
Infant Mortality Rate-
Total: 14.63 deaths/1,000 live births
Male: 16.83 deaths/1,000 live births
Female: 12.31 deaths/1,000 live births
Communications
Broadcast Media-
state-run TV and radio broadcast networks; state operates 2 TV networks and a satellite channel; roughly two-thirds of Syrian homes have a satellite dish providing access to foreign TV broadcasts; 3 state-run radio channels; first private radio station launched in 2005; private radio broadcasters prohibited from transmitting news or political content (2007)
Syria vs. United States
The literacy rates in Syria are much lower than those of the United States. The Total Literate Population in Syria is 84.1%, Male: 90.3%, Female: 77.7%. That means 84 out of 100 people are able to read and write. That's a decent amount if you're not comparing it to the US. America's Total Literate Population is 99%, Male: 99%, Female: 99%. That means 99 people out of 100 are able to read and write. Now it might not seem that different being only 15% apart, but we're not talking about 100 people, we're talking about millions of people. Something as small as 15% might not seem like much, but 15% of 22,000,000 (22 million) is 3,300,000 (3 million 3 hundred thousand) When you're comparing with millions, don't be fooled by small percents.
In Syria, the main exports are crude oil, minerals, petroleum products, fruits and vegetables, cotton fiber, textiles, clothing, meat and live animals, and wheat. In America, the main exports are agricultural products (soybeans, fruit, corn), industrial supplies (organic chemicals), capital goods (transistors, aircraft, motor vehicle parts, computers, telecommunications equipment), consumer goods (automobiles, medicines). Syria's exports are more natural and are necessities. America's exports aren't all natural or necessary, some are, but a lot of them are "wants".
Reflective Question-
How are these geographic features beneficial (or not) to the development of Syria?

Syria is located in the middle east. There are many major bodies of water in and around Syria, making it easy to import and export goods. However, something negatively impacting the development of Syria is the decrease in agricultural products. The thick forests that used to cover western Syria have been drastically reduced. As a result, soil erosion and desertification have grown. The salinity of the soil has caused a loss of more than $300 million worth of agricultural products each year. Also, the amount of pollution in coastal waters from oil spills and human waste have contaminated the inland waterways.

Syria, a Developing Country-
I would put Syria in the category of Developing Countries because it has opportunities! Syria compared to the United States might seem less developed , but just because they're not as developed as the US , doesn't mean they're not improving! I believe that Syria has potential to become a developed country some day, but as of right now, Syria is only a developing country.
Syria's Literacy rates are much higher than most middle eastern countries. Also their exports are very important because some of them are non-renewable resources.
A reason I would not consider Syria a developed country is their dept is very high $8.33 billion (31 December 2012 est.). High debt is not ok for being a developed country.
Most Surprising Statistics
The statistic that surprised me the most is the
Literacy Rates
. To me the middle east seemed to be underdeveloped so I didn't expect that many people to be literate.
What upset me most was the amount of men that are literate compared to the amount of women. 90.3% of men compared to 77.7% of women.
To me, this means women are most likely treated as lesser people than men. They don't get equal opportunities, and probably don't have many jobs for women. Women stay home to cook, clean, and take care of the children.
In America, both women and men have equal opportunities. 99% of men are literate, and 99% of women are literate. Everyone gets schooling and job opportunities.

Causes and Effects
-Less girls in school *Less women working
-Moms home taking care of children and house *Bad example for children (future)
-If more girls enter school *More jobs for women
Bibliography/ Sources
1) Country Reports
2) CIA World Factbook
3) BBC Website
4) http://www.biography.com/people/bashar-al-assad-20878575
5) http://www.studentsoftheworld.info/pageinfo_pays.php3?Pays=SYR&Opt=economy
6) http://www.unicef.org/infobycountry/syria_statistics.html
GNP per capita $1,384
GDP per capita $1,161
Syria
Full transcript