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Grade 8 Geography Project

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Jessica Chen

on 28 January 2014

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Transcript of Grade 8 Geography Project

Australia has a labor force of 12.15 million people. 3.6 of them work in agriculture, 21% work in industry and 75% work in services.
How and why does the location of each country effect how developed they are?
Which one out of the countries is the best suited place to live?
Grade 8 Geography Project
By: Jessica, Julianna & Jody
Locations
What is a developed country?
To explain what a developed country is, we will be using gross domestic product (GDP). This just means the value of all goods and services made within a year (from that country). Countries with higher GDP are doing better than countries with lower GDP. Which means places with higher GDP are doing better.

Another way to determine if the country is developed is the HDI (Human development index). This is a measure of Life expectancy, Literacy rate and Living standards put into one.
These are the 4 countries we are comparing.
Europe
South America
Oceania
Asia
Who did what:
Titles (slide 1 & 2) ~Jessica
Location (slide 3) ~ Julianna & Jessica
What is a developed country (slide 4) ~ Jody
Gross domestic product (slide 5) - Jody
How does location effect how developed... (slide 6) ~Julianna
Poverty (slide 7) ~Jessica
Labor force (slide 8-9) ~Jessica
Population (slide 10-12) ~ Jessica
Environmental current issues (slide 13) ~Jody
Internet and mobiles (slide 14) ~Jody
Imports and exports (slide 15) ~Julianna
The 3 L's/HDI (slide 16-19) ~Julianna
Natural resources (slide 20) ~Julianna
What factors make a good place to live? (slide 21) - Jessica & Jody & Julianna
Which one out of the 4 countries is the best place to live? (slide 22) - Jessica & Jody & Julianna
Who did what (slide 23) ~ Julianna
Who did what paragraph (slide 24) - Jessica & Jody & Julianna
Resources (slide 25-26) - Julianna

Poverty
Population
Environmental current issues

Brazil's environmental current issues: Deforestation in Amazon Basin, Endanger animals and species in that area, there is illegal wide like trade, air and water pollution, land desegregation caused by improper mining activities; wetland degradation; severe oil spills
Internet and mobiles
Australia's internet and mobile users:
Internet: 15.81 million (2009)
Mobile: 24.4 million (2012)

Japan's internet and mobile users:
Internet: 99.182 million
Mobile: 138.363 million

France's internet and mobile users:
Internet: 45.262 million
Mobile: 62. 28 million

Brazil's internet and mobile users:
Internet: 75.982 million
Mobile: 248.324 million
Resources:
Information :
Pearson Human Geography 8 textbook by Dennis DesRivieres
France in our World by Camilla de la Bedoyere
Australia in our World by Aleta Moriarty
Brazil in our World by Edward Parker
http://listdose.com/top-10-common-natural-disasters-that-affect-people/ (Example of natural disasters)
http://listverse.com/2007/10/20/top-10-natural-disasters/ (Examples of natural disasters)
http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0934746.html ( life expectancy)
http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-wrold-factbook/
http://www.indexmundi.com/australia/population.html
http://www.indexmundi.com/brazil/population.html
http://www.indexmundi.com/france/population.html
http://www.indexmundi.com/japan/population.html
http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/datablog/2013/mar/14/un-human-development-index-2013-data

Resources:
Pictures
http://www.explorecrete.com/crete-maps/images/europe.gif (Map of Europe)
http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-Kg2vMQeUP_E/Tt9-CGrtdqI/AAAAAAAACqQ/Wb_dEMCCaTM/s1600/south-america-political-map-simple.jpg (Map of South America)
http://mapsof.net/map/map-of-oceania#.Usr5TBwaCsY (Map of Oceania)
http://mapsof.net/uploads/static-maps/map_of_asia.png (Map of Asia)
http://kidspro.blogspot.ca/2011/04/do-kids-need-cell-phone.html (kid talking on phone)
world maps are from Pearson Human Geography 8 textbook By Dennis DesRivieres

Natural Resources
Imports and Exports
The location of each country can affect how developed it is because you need natural resources to have a successful country. You use these resources to produce goods and utilities to sell and to use to improve your production, country, and income. The location also matters because there could be a habit of natural disasters that occur in that area. And the natural disasters cause a lot of damage to your land and buildings. Also it will take a huge amount of money to repair all of the damages that happen due to the disasters.
The 3 L's
How does the location effect how developed a country is?
Labor Force
Natural resources like:
minerals
fresh water supply
fossil fuels
trees (forest)
soil
renewable resources
plants


France has a labor force of 29.78 million people. 3.8% of them work in agriculture, 24.3% work in industry and 71.8% in services.
Japan has a labor force of 65.55 million people. 3.9% of them wok in agriculture, 26.2% work in industry and 69.8% in services.
Brazil has a labor force of 106.3 million people. 15.7 of them work in agriculture, 13.3% work in industry and 74% in services.
Australia's environmental current issues: Soil erosion from overgrazing, Urbanization and poor farming practices
Japan's environmental current issues: Air pollution from power plant emissions result in acid rain, Acidification of lakes and reservoirs degrading water quality and threatening aquatic life, Largest consumers of fish and tropical timber - contributing to depletion of these resources
France's environmental current issues: Some forest damages from acid rain, acid pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions, water pollution from urban wastes, agriculture runoff
Population-Density
France has a population of 65.7 million and an area of 674,843 km2
Australia has a population of 22.2 million and an area of 7,692,024 km2
Brazil has a population of 198.7 million and an area 8,515,767 km2
Japan has a population of 127.6 million and an area of 377,944 km2
In these 4 countries, Brazil has the greatest amount of land (8 515 767 km2) and also the largest population (198.7million). Japan has the second greatest population (127.6 million), buts its land size is the smallest (377 944 km2). Australia has the second greatest amount of land (7 692 024 km2) but has the smallest population (22.2 million). France, with a population of 65.7 million and an area of 674 843 km2 has the third largest amount of land and also the third greatest population.
Japan's density of 337 people per km2 is considered to a high density-this great of a population density may cause problems when it comes to the availability of food and/or jobs.
Australia (with 3 people per km2) and Brazil (with 23 people per km2) have what's considered a low population density-this could mean that many parts of the land are uninhabitable which will than cause most of the population to cluster together in the habitable parts.
France has a moderate density-97 people per km. It's in the middle-not too many people but also not too little.
Natural disasters
landslides
avalanche
drought
wildfire
flood
tsunami
volcanic eruption
tornado




earthquake
Hurricane
typhoons
extreme temperatures
Global living standards
What factors make a good place to live?
Global literacy
Global Life expectancy:
Which one out of the 4 countries is the best place to live?
Population-Change
Labor Force
Australia has approx. 12.15 million people working and 10.05 million people not working. 55% of Australia's total population is working and the other 45% isn't. 3.6% (approx. 0.44 million) of the people work in Agriculture, 21% (approx. 2.55 million) working in Industry, and 75% (approx. 9.11 million) work in Services.
Japan has approx. 65.55 million people working and 62.05 million people not working. 51% of Japan's total population is working and 49% aren't. 3.9% (approx. 2.56 million) people work in Agriculture, 26.2% (approx. 17.17 million) in Industry and 69.8% (approx. 45.75 million) work in Services.
France has approx. 29.78 million people working and 35.92 people not working. 45% of the total population is working and 55% aren't. 3.8% (approx. 2.49 million) people work in Agriculture, 24.3% (approx. 7.24 million) in Industry, and 71.8% (approx. 21.38 million) work in Services.
Brazil has approx. 106.3 million people working and 92.9 million not working. 53% of the total population is working and 47% of the population isn't. 15.7% (approx. 16.69 million) people work in Agriculture, 13.3% (approx. 14.14 million) work in Industry and 74% (approx. 78.66 million) work in Services.
France:coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsnic, potash, feldspar, fluorspor, gypsum, timber, fish, gold deposits, petroleum, icadlin, niobium, tantalum, clay

Japan:coal, liquified natural gas, oil, negligible mineral resources, fish

Brazil:bauxite, gold, iron ore, manganese, nickel, platinum, tin, rare earth elements, uranium, petroleum, hydro power, timber, diamonds, copper, asbestos

Australia:bauxite, coal, iron ore, copper, tin, gold, sliver, uranium, nickel, tungsten, rare earth elements, minerals sand, lead, zinc, diamonds, petroleum.
Australia's poverty is N/A.
Japan's poverty is 16% of the population-that's approx. 20.41million people.
France's poverty is 7.8% of the population-that's approx. 5.12 million people.
Brazil's poverty is 21% of the population-that's approx. 42.52 million people.
Poverty=People who live on less than $2 a day.
All of the things we compared before can be factors of a good place to live. For example: Population.You wouldn't want to live in a place that's too crowded or has too little people. Also the Environment is a big factor because we get Natural Resources from it and the Environment can hugely affect a country (environment current resources). Next up is GDP, this can be a factor because it can explain how developed a country is (for internet and poverty). Imports and Exports increases and decreases the GDP and it affects how much each human can spend. Living Standards, Literacy and Life Expectancy, are a huge factor because they explain how good a living being can live in each country. HDI (Human Development Index) which is a measurement of the 3 L's. The HDI ranks each country so you can easily compare which country's better.
Map of global employment
Map of global population densities
Chart of France population change
Chart of Brazil population change
Chart of Japan population change
Chart of Australia population change
Who did what:

Jessica did poverty, population, labor force, and the titles. Jody did GDP,what is a developed country, internet and mobiles, environmental current issues. And Julianna did the 3 L's, natural resources, imports and export, how and why does the location effect how developed a country is, HDI and resources/who did what. Together Jessica and Julianna worked on location. And as a three we worked on What factors make a good place to live? and Which one out of the 4 countries is the best place to live?
Brazil
Japan
Australia
France
Literacy: Age 15 and over can read and write

Brazil: Total population: 90.4% (2010)
- Male: 90.1%
- Female: 90.7%

Japan: Total population: 99% (2002)
- Male: 99%
- Female: 99%

France: Total population: 99% (2003)
- Male: 99%
- Female: 99%

Australia: Total population: 99% (2003)
- Male: 99%
- Female: 99%

Global map of literacy rate (%)
Map from Pearson Human Geography 8 tetxbook by Dennis DesRivieres pg 54
Gross Domestic products ( GDP )
Information from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
Japan: $5.96 Trillion (USD)


France: $2.613 trillion (USD)

The literacy rate of a country is important because if children have a good education they can be a better employee for their future jobs. As you know the income of the industries effect that certain country's GDP. So the Literacy rate effects the GDP of a country.
France
Brazil
Australia
Japan
People have the life expectancy of:
Japan: 82 years
Brazil: 72 years
France: 81 years
Australia: 81 years

Numbers are rounded from website
Having a good life expectancy shows that a country has a good health care system. It also shows that the country is developed enough to provide the money and research to health care.
Map of global life expectancy. Map from Pearson Human Geography 8 textbook by Dennis DesRivieres pg: 53
Brazil
France
Japan
Australia
So above, I've listed the environmental current issues that happen in our comparing countries. You would want to live in a place with little current issues. Places like Australia don't have much current issues. So, you would say that Australia is really developed since they don't have that many issues. The only issues they have are soul erosion, urbanization and poor farming practices. It is located in Oceania, which looks to be really developed. Let's now look at Brazil, since it looks like there are some things Brazil needs to fix, it may not be as developed as Australia, same goes to France and Japan. Also since these countries are located in different areas, the environmental current issues are different.
So, lets talk tech. Internet and Mobiles are a must have for most people. So, as you can see Brazil has the most mobile users (248.324 million users), while on the other hand, Australia has about only 24.4 million. So you can see by the numbers that Brazil has the most developed "tech" countries (with the countries were comparing). This may have an advantage with how developed they are because, if they have the technology to become more developed, then they could!
Kid talking on phone
GDP Per Capita: (gross domestic product per person)
Australia - $42,000 (2012 est.)
Brazil - $11,700 (2012 est.)
France - $35,300 (2012 est.)
Japan - $35,900 (2012 est.)

Information from https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
Global map of living standards. Map from Pearson Human Geography 8 textbook by Dennis DesRivieres pg: 55
GDP per captia can show living standards because it can allow people to pay for their basic needs and the economic performance can improve public services. And with a bigger GDP rate (per captia) it shows ow developed a place is.
Map of world oil trade flow. ( example of imports and exports)
Map from Pearson Human Geography 8 textbook by Dennis DesRivieres pg: 121
Ok, so GDP means, the value of all goods and services made within a year (from that country). This effects how developed a country is because you need a good GDP to be developed. If you have a low one, it means you really aren't doing so well. Since Japan is located in Asia, it should be a really developed region. So, Japan is really doing well in making goods/services, that also could lead to the fact its really developed.









Countries export goods to other countries to make money and countries and import goods from other countries to get the goods they need\want. But to make money you need to export more than you import from other countries. The better balance a country has the more income they make. (Surplus) And with the bigger income it can allow the country to become more developed.
Information from:https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/
HDI (Human Development Index)
Ideas came from Pearson Human Geography 8 textbook by Dennis DesRivieres pg: 53

http://www.theguardian.com/global-development/datablog/2013/mar/14/un-human-development-index-2013-data
https://docs.google.com/a/agnesmacphailps.ca/spreadsheet/pub?key=0AhORuxOwZhGydExmNFA3ai1XcWktUXpxeDNwMnlCX0E&output=html
Australia: $1.52 trillion (USD)


Brazil: $2.33 trillion (USD) and $12,000 (per capita)
Info: 2013 statistics
Australia: 0.938 Rank number: 2
Japan: 0.912 Rank number: 10
France: 0.893 Rank number: 20
Brazil: 0.730 Rank number: 85



The higher the rank the better (developed) the country is
Information from:
Map of global HDI ranks. Map from Pearson Human Geography 8 textbook by Dennis DesRivieres pg 56
The more natural resources or valuable resources a country has, the more money they can make make by exporting them. And with that money the can become more developed.
Information from:http://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-wrold-factbook/ and Brazil in our World by Edward Parker
GDP (gross domestic product): The value of all goods and services produced in a country in 1 year

Living standards:the amount of goods and services people can purchase
Definition from textbook
Life expectancy is the average number of years a person can expect to live. Life expectancy includes safe water and food supplies. Countries with good medical technology and a good health care system have low infant deaths and a long life average. So places with a higher life expectancy is more developed.
France has the least amount of people living under $2 a day while Brazil got the greatest amount of people. The percentage of their population living under $2 a day show how likely it is for you to get a job there. Places with a higher percentage don't have enough jobs for most of their population, while places with a lower percentage may have more jobs available compared to countries with a higher percentage.
Human Development Index is a comparison of countries that measures health, education, and wealth of each nations citizens. (life expectancy, living standards, literacy) A country would want a high HDI score because it shows that your country is doing well. And with a higher score people would want to live there than in places with a lower score.
Australia got the highest HDI score while Brazil got the lowest score
Japan has the longest life expectancy while Brazil has the lowest
Brazil had the the lowest literacy rate while the others are tied for the most
There are a lot of ways to determined if a place is better than another. And people have their own opinions. So wherever you decide is the best place to live is totally up to you but in our opinion, out of the 4 countries we compared we believe that either France and/or Australia are the best places to live. Out of the 4 countries Australia had the 2nd highest HDI rank out of a world comparison. And France; out of the world comparisons, is ranked 20th. Australia's trade balance is a surplus while France's trade balance is a deficit . France's population isn't too dense neither is it too sparse. Australia's population density may be low but its because parts of Australia are uninhabitable. Most of the population gathers together in a couple of cities, so there will be plenty of people around you if you choose to live there. Both France and Australia have literacy rates of 99%, this means they both have decent education and the children will be able to read and write. Also both France and Australia have the high life expectancy of about 81 years. And for living standards they have the a high GDP per captia. These are a few examples of factors that can effect your opinion.
France, Brazil and Australia's population are steadily increasing. This makes it easier to predict how many people there are going to be in the future and this way it won't cause a dramatic change to availability of jobs or housing. While Japan on the other hand has a population that is not predictable. It increased drastically from 2000 till 2004 than it started decreasing from 2006 till 2009 than it increased again. This may increase the cost of a place to live and decrease the availability of jobs-which will than increases the poverty rate.
This is an example of imports and exports. As you can see the part where the arrows starts is where the oil is being exported and where the arrow goes is where the oil is imported.
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