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The Slave Trade

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Jenny Virgo

on 12 March 2014

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Transcript of The Slave Trade

The Slave Trade
How Did The Slave Trade Start?
To keep large acres of land running, such as farms, the white land owners from Europe, which soon after included land owners from America, the Caribbean, and South America, needed slaves from Africa to do the work needed to make white people rich.
Why Was It So Profitable?
The slave trade was profitable foreveryone,
the Europeans didn’t have to do any work and
because the slaves didn’t get paid. Countries
would often
trade things like rum and weapons in return for
slaves. Every one involved profited from
the slave
trade except for the slaves.

Slave traders
made an estimated
$32 Billion dollars.

How Were The Slaves Captured?
Slaves would be captured and put into temporary jails called Barracoons. Once enough slaves were captured, they would be took to permanent jails along the coast where they would be put on a ship to be transported to Britain.

How Did The British Benefit From The Slave Trade?
Because of the slave trade, Britain made
huge profits. British people would
buy slaves from tribes in Africa for
a low price and sell them to rich
people in Europe for double or
triple the price.

African slaves on a British slave ship
How Were The Slaves Treated?
African families would be taken from their homes and moved on to a cramped slave ship.
They were then sold and made to work for up to 18 hours a day in bad conditions.
They had little food and no health care and often slept on the floor or in a hammock.
Slaves cooking and sleeping in a hut
Slaves being captured
America-England
Tobacco,
Fish,
Rum
England-
America
Manufactured Goods
Slaves,
Rum
America-
Africa
Africa-
West Indies
Slaves
West Indies-
America
Sugar
What Were The Slave Ships Like?
Slave ships were big and could carry as many as 200 to 400 slaves on them at one time. It was estimated that 20,000,000 slaves were transported from Africa on ships.
Slave Ships were packed with men women and children in every space fillable. The space was damp and smelly and if one person got sick so would the rest of the slaves.
Boys on a Slave Ship
How slaves were 'packed'
Slaves being put below deck
When Was Slavery Stopped?
Slavery was officially stopped in America on Janurary 1st 1863 because Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation.
The Triangular Trade
The Triangular Trade was between America, Europe, England, Africa and The West Indies.
This source shows that slave trading was very popular and people were willing to pay large amounts of money for slaves.
This source shows that British people didn't supply good accommodation to the slaves so the British didn't have to pay for more resources.
This source shows that the slaves slept in badly made huts and stables, so the slaves could have caught fatal diseases. They would have got ill and infected other slaves.
This source shows that slaves were taken
from their homes, and pulled by having iron neck
rings put on them then put into Barracoons.
Iron Neck Ring
These sources shows that
slaves were tightly packed
and had terrible conditions
How Did Britain Become Involved In The Slave Trade?
The British economy needed help and slave trade was 100% profitable

Why did Britain Become Involved In The Slave Trade?
The British became involved in the slave trade because black men and women were stronger and more well built to do the work needed to make white land owners rich.
These sources show that only rich and wealthy people could afford to buy slaves.
These Primary sources are reliable because they are drawings of African slaves being sold at the time of the slave trade.
Who Captured The Slaves?
Mostly Britons captured the slaves and transported them to America,
But some tribes in Africa fought and kidnapped each other to sell to Britons.
Sometimes being given away as a slave would be a punishment for a crime, other tribes people would sell their wives and children in order to get money, weapons or resources.
A tribe
capturing
another
tribe
This source
shows
that most tribes
would
fight to be the
best,

This is a primary
source. It is
reliable as it is an image
that dates back to the
time of the event. It is
more reliable than if it
were an interpretation
of what happened.
What Were The Pushishments?
What Did The Slaves Have To Work As?
Usual punishments for slaves were whipping, beating with a stick, breaking bones or an iron crook around the neck.
Extract from James
Ramsey's journal,
a doctor on sugar
plantations,
'The ordinary punishments for slaves, for the common signs of neglect, absence from work, eating the sugarcane and theft are cart whipping, beating with stick: sometimes to the breaking of bones, the chain, and iron crook about the neck, a ring around the ankle and confinement in the dungeon. There have been instances of splitting ears, breaking of limbs so as to make amputation necessary, beating out of eyes.'
This source shows us that
masters had very different ways of punishing their slaves.
This Primary source tells us that punishments now and then were very different.
This is a reliable source because it was from James Ramseys diary and not a 21st century textbook.
Thomas
Johnson, a
famous slave
trader
with whip
and cane
Slaves worked in fields, they plowed plants and chopped cotton and took care of the vegetable gardens. The female slaves could have also become maids who would have to look after the masters children, and take care of his wife if she became ill.
Slaves did every
job except the
jobs that
were to do with power.
Slavery In The 21st
Century
This is a secondary source
because it is an estimate
made by scientists.
However, it is reliable as they would
have had to research the topic to
make an educated guess.
This is a reliable
source because
it tells us what it
was like
to be on a slave
ship and not
just a guess from
scientists.
This is a
Primary
source
because it is
a drawing of
slaves on a
slave ship in
1807
This Primary source is reliable because it tells us how terribly the slaves were kept and how they were treated.
This Primary source is reliable because it is from the Eastern Connecticut State University, also because it is an original artifact. This source shows us that slaves were treated badly.
These are reliable sources because
they were drawn at the time of
the slave trade.
These are Primary sources.
This source shows that 27 million people are still being held aginst their will in some parts of the world.
This Secondary source is reliable because the news report tells us what happens to slaves in the 21st century. Also, they would have had to thoroughly research the topic to make this news report. It has the benefit of hindsight.
Slavery was stopped
in Britain and the
West Indie son the 28th
of August 1833
when parliament
banned it
throughout Britain.
Slaves being 'thrown out' after slavery was stopped
This source
is also reliable
because it
was from
the BBC Scotland
Learning
website.
News
report from Mauritiana
Resistance And Rebellion
Slave owners complaind that slaves were very lazy, and sometimes refused to do work. Slaves would sometimes start a rebellion against their owners and attempt to poison the animals, crops and sometimes the land owner and his family.
In 1839 slaves took over the La'Amistad: it was scheduled to take slaves and other valubles to the USA, the slaves killed the captain, the cook and three crew members keeping two white crew members alive to navigate the ship back to Africa.
The origin of the scource is unknown, however, it looks as though it could be a painting from a museum.
This story is now made into a film
This picture is from a book called 'The Help' based on a true story.
Famous Faces From the Slave Trade
THOMAS CLARKSON
OLAUDAU EQUIANO
TOUSSAINT L'OUVERTUE
HANNAH MORE
GRANVILLE SHARP
JAMES STEPHEN
JOSIAH WEDGWOOD
WILLIAM WILBERFORCE
Thomas Clarkson spent his whole adult life working to abolish the slave trade.
He was born on 28th of March 1760 and was the founder and lead campainer of 'The Abolishment Project' which worked towards stopping the slave trade and equal rights for black and white people.
Olaudau born on 31 of March 1745, was captured as a slave and sold to an English family who then renamed him Gustavus Vassa, whilst being held as a slave he wrote his autobiography in 1786 'The Life of Olaudau Equiano'
Toussaint had a massive affect on the slave trade in the British Empire, born on the 20th of May 1743, he started his career as a military general in 1791 as the leader of the slave rebellion, he proposed to the white slave owners that if they stopped using the whip and give them one day a week were they didn't have to work they would return to work. When the white owners refused the offer he raided the barns and hut that the slaves were in and freed them as part as the slave rebellion.
Hannah More born on the 2nd of February was an English poet who wrote about the slave trade to encourage women to join the 'Abolishment Project' set up by Thomas Clarkson. In 1788 she wrote 'Slavery - A Poem'
I see, by more than fancy mirrow shrewn,
The burning village, and the blazing town,
See dire victim torn from
social life,
The shrieking babe the agonizing wife!
She wretch forlorn!
Is dragg'd by hostile hands,
To distant tyrants sold, in distant lands,
Extract from Hannah Mores 'Slavery-A Poem'
Transmitted miseries, and successive chains,
The sole sad heritage her child obtains,
Ev'n the last wretched boon their foes deny,
To weep together, or together die,
By felon hands, by one relentless stroke,
See fond links of nature broke!
The fibers twisting round a parents heart,
Torn from their grasp, and bleeding as they part,
Hold, murderers, hold! not aggravate your distress,
Respect the passions you yourself possess
Granville Sharp, born on the 10th of November 1735, was one of the first English campainers to abolish slavery, he first took an interest in slavery when he be-freinded an African slave who had been beaten by his master. Granville then devoted his time to abolish slavery from England.
James Stephen born on the 30th of June 1758, was an English polititian associated with the abolishment act. When in 1786 in Barbados he attended a trial in which three innocent slaves were found guilty and two others were sentenced to death by being burnt at the stake, he began talking to William Wilberforce to get involved in the abolishment act.
Josiah Wedgwood was a business man in pottery.
Born in 1730 he was a well respected business man and tried to convince people that the slave trade was bad. In 1787 he became part of an abolishment commitee and gave some of his products and became a shareholder to the Sierra Leone Company which provided a temporary homes to slaves who had esaped or had been let free.
William Wilberforce born on 24th of August, was a very religious member of of parliament and was one on the polititians who signed the agreement to abolish slavery in England. He was involved in Thomas Clarksons 'The Ambolishment Project'
Thomas Clarkson once said:
'We cannot suppose therefore God had made an order of beings, with such mental qualities and powers, for the sole purpose of being used as beasts, or instruments of labour.'
This source was from the international slavery museum which means that it is reliable.
This poster shows that British traders would advertise slaves to get more buyers.
This is a Primary source because it is from 1829, also it is a reliable source because it was an actual poster used to sell slaves.
This source is from the USI: Understanding Slavery Initiative, and was made 4 years before slavery was abolished in 1833.
This is a reliable source because it is from the website 'Slave History' which centered on slavery in the 1700s and 1800s and the 21st century.
This source shows us that slaves were brutally taken randomly fom the homes and forced to go wherever their captors wanted them to.
This source also shows us that slaves only had one room to do everything such as cooking, sleeping and going to the bathroom.
Auction
Slave auctions were much like animal auctions, after they were taken out of the ship they were cleaned thoroughly with oil and put on high platforms so the every bidder could see them. They would then be poked and prodded by the bidders to see who was the fittest and most healthly. Most slaves would be terrified because of the noise and madness of the auction.
'Grab And Go'
A grab and go auction is were rich white people would pay around £50 beforehand, then slaves would be rounded up like sheep in a pen then the buyers would rush in and grab whichever slave they wanted.
Grab And Go Auction
This source shows us that auction houses were very cramped and that many rich people would turn up to by slaves.
The origin of this picture is unknown however I think that this is from a history book or
textbook.
Thanks for Watching
Quiz Answers
1. £32.000.000.000
2.
18 hours
3.
Barracoons
4.
Grab and Go
2.
18 hours
3.
Barracoons
4.
Grab and Go
5.
America, West Indies and Europe
6.
2.000.000
7.
Whipping, Beating with a stick, Breaking bones and iron crook around the neck
8.
Britons and other tribes
9.
1839
10.
Thomas Clarkson
11.
1863
byobuo
Tie-Breaker
Question
Where did the slaves sleep?
Answer:
On the floor and in a hammock.
Prize:
Galaxy Cookie Crumble (X2)
My opinon of this poster is that traders used to sell slaves as if they were products not people, I find this wrong because African people are equal to Britons.
My opinon of this is bad because they live in terrible conditions with very little and are treated worse than rats.
My opinion of the triangle trade is that if it wasn't for the advances in technology like faster ships the triangle trade would never of happened.
My opinion of Britain becoming involved in the slave trade is that Britain only became involved in the trade to get cheap labour and make money, I think that this is selfish and reckless and they had no regard to how the slaves would have felt.
I think that 21st century slavery is just as bad as 18th and 19th century slavery, I think that everyone should have freedom and rights, but in some cultures it would be socially acceptable to keep a slave and I think that is wrong and unsound.
I think that this is a very good thing that slavery was stopped, however I think that slaves should have been given money or houses instead of just being thrown out into the streets.
(PRIZES FOR WINNING
TEAM)
Full transcript