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Claire Achilles

on 18 May 2015

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Transcript of NUTRITION - Group 2

Tree nuts are a species of seed from plants and come from a wide variety of different botanical families such as rosacea (almonds), anacardiaceae (cashews) and proteaceae (macadamia nuts). Peanut (arachis hypogaea) is a member of the legume (bean) family. Other members of this family include soya beans, lentils and garden peas (Allergy UK, 2012).

Peanuts and tree nuts are among the food allergens most often linked to anaphylaxis, a life threatening reaction that impairs breathing and can send the body into shock. Symptoms include diarrhea, nausea, shortness of breath, swelling of the throat and abdominal pain. The only treatment is to avoid tree nuts and peanuts as well as their products and administer epinephrine (adrenaline) (American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, 2014).

There are two kinds of shellfish: crustacea (such as shrimp, crab and lobster) and molluscs (such as clams, mussels, oysters and scallops). Reactions to crustacean shellfish tend to be particularly severe and the allergy usually lasts a lifetime (FARE, 2015). In comparison to other allergies, shellfish allergies tend to be different. For example, allergic reactions to shellfish are unforeseeable; sometimes occurring long after a person has ingested the allergen and has no other symptoms. Moreover, allergic reactions to shellfish often become more serious with each exposure. The only treatment for this allergy is to avoid eating shellfish or molluscs and, if necessary, to administer epinephrine (Kerr, 2012).
Food allergy and food intolerance are often confused because symptoms of food intolerance periodically resemble those of food allergy. However, food intolerance does not cause serious allergic reactions (such as anaphylaxis) and does not involve the immune system (Better Health Channel, 2015).
Planning your meals for the week is important in order to stick to a budget at the supermarket, and also for your diet.
Food for Thought
In today’s society, nutrition and diet are a hot topic. 'Fad diets’ promoting
fast weight loss are widely circulated through the internet, in magazines
and even through social media. The ‘sales pitch’ of a fad diet can make
weight loss and dieting appear easy, although in truth they are often difficult to sustain and far from healthy. These diets are often endorsed by celebrities, making them seem more glamorous however there are many dangers associated with fad dieting. It is important to nourish the body, despite the desire to rapidly lose weight.
There are numerous reasons a person will diet, although for many people in the world, it is important they follow a specific diet or meal plan due to certain medical conditions. For example people who suffer from any particular illness (eg; liver problems, diabetes, high cholesterol etc) will often be advised by a medical practitioner to follow a specially designed meal plan which outlines foods they can eat and the ones to avoid. This advice is not given lightly and is intended to improve the health of people who suffer from these conditions, ensuring their illness does not worsen.
Of course it is important to enjoy what you put into your body, however it is recommended that humans consume a wide variety of nutrient rich foods to maintain a balanced diet. This ensures we meet our body’s daily requirements of adequate nutrients for energy, general health and well-being. Consuming a sensible and balanced diet can help us to achieve optimal health throughout life (NHMRC, 19 May 2014).
Limited space in the kitchen? Many appliances are multi-use; one in particular is a rice cooker. It is perfect for cooking vegetables, pasta, rice, cakes, eggs or boiling water. The removable bowl is useful to prepare a salad or to premix ingredients.
Prepping your meals is a great way to portion control, stop yourself from overeating or snacking and to save time. Small containers or freezer lock bags are great for portioning your dinners or snacks.

Freeze leftover meals:
Cook in bulk - you can freeze the
leftovers into individual portions or
create something entirely new. Pie makers or muffin trays are great for reinventing meals!
Glass is a safer alternative for storing food. Some plastics contain bisphenol – A, commonly referred to as BPA, which is a chemical linked to various cancers and other health issues. (Ansel, 2008). Glass can be stored in the freezer, microwaved and is dishwasher safe.

1. Accuracy of spelling and grammar on each website
2. Presence of date stamps and/or recent updates to information
3. Professional and consistent page design (graphics, logos and colour)
4. Author credentials verified and contact information accessible
5. Ranking in search engine (Google)
Make healthy choices poster.jpg

Definition of Nutrition – ‘the process of nourishing or being nourished’ (Dictionary.com).

The human body is an amazing machine which relies on the foods we eat to ensure it is nourished and performs at its best. In order to achieve this, it is recommended we eat a balanced diet of lean meats and fish, fruit and vegetables, whole grains, cereals, reduced fat dairy, legumes, nuts and seeds as well as healthy fats and oils. We should also drink at least 8 glasses of water each day to hydrate our bodies and brain (Australian Government National Health and Medical Research Council, 2014).
Eating for Health
‘Let food by thy medicine and medicine be thy food’, Hippocrates -
father of medicine (Fitzgerald, 2011). Food as medicine has been
around for centuries within all cultures. Nature provides a wide variety
of super foods to improve our health such as:
Garlic - widely used as a cold and flu remedy,
Tomatoes – packed with the antioxidant lycopene, believed to prevent some cancers,
Blueberries – loaded with phytonutrients to neutralise free radicals in the body,
Kale – phytonutrients that trigger the liver to produce enzymes which neutralise cancer causing substances (Health.com, 2015).
Interest in food labels is growing in today’s society as making healthy choices is becoming big business. Clever marketing strategies are used by companies to get the edge within the buyer market, portraying themselves as the ‘healthier choice’ over their competition. Labels are monitored by Food Standards Australia and New Zealand to ensure companies follow strict guidelines and disclosure about their product ingredients and health claims.

One of the common tricks of nutrition labels are
multiple servings or dual labels.
These confuse consumers into thinking products may be a more healthier option as the nutrition label is broken down into lesser quantities based on one serve. This is generally the first section people tend to read, often missing the contents of the entire product (Australian Government National Health and Medical Research Council, 2014).
What's in a label?
Nutrition is the mechanism of taking in food necessary for one’s health and using it for growth, metabolism, and repair (The American Heritage Medical Dictionary, 2007). Demonstrated in this presentation is a brief overview of general nutrition, allergies, diet and meal preparation for beginners. Online sources used to research the information range from government websites, health studies and informational blogs. These were comprehensively evaluated to determine credibility by incorporating strategies from Metzger's Framework, more specifically the following five criteria: (Metzger, 2007).
Group 2 - QLD Team - Assessment 2a
Thanks for watching our Prezi!
Hives on the back are a common allergy symptom
Steamed live prawns
Mixed nuts in a can
Shopping list
Jars, (Dailyburn.com, 2015)
Lamingtons made in a rice cooker
Rice cooker
Dual column nutrition label.jpg
Hippocrates ruben.jpg
Claire Achilles
Deanne Pitt
Renee Murray
Sibylle Frey
Allergy or intolerance?
Tree nuts and peanut allergies
Shellfish allergies
Healthy budget shopping ideas
Prepping meals
Weight Loss and Fad Diets
Dieting for Medical Reasons
Dietary habits - do's and don’ts
APA Reference List
Allergy UK. (2012). Peanut and Tree Nut Allergy. Retrieved April 18, 2015, from

Ansel, K. (2008). Q. Are plastics safe? Eating well. Retrieved May 6, 2015, from

Australian Government National Health and Medical Research Council. (2014). Healthy eating on a budget. Eat for Health. Retrieved April 27, 2015, from

Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2015). Risk Factors Nutrition. Retrieved May 6, 2015, from

American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. (2014). Tree Nut Allergy. Retrieved April 16, 2015, from

Australian Government National Health and Medical Research Council. (2014). How to understand food labels. Retrieved May 11, 2015, from

Belly-body-calories-diet-exercise-2354 (n.d.). [Online image]. Retrieved May 11, 2015, from

Better Health Channel. (2015). Food allergy and intolerance. Retrieved April 17, 2015, from

Brand, G. (2007, June 25). BikurimS.jpg [Online image]. Retrieved May 11, 2015, from

Dailyburn.com. (2015) Jars [Online image] retrieved May 6, 2015, from

Nutrition. (n.d.). Dictionary.com. Retrieved April 20, 2015, from

FARE Food Allergy Research and Education. (2015). Shellfish. Retrieved April 19, 2015, from

Health Magazine. (n.d.). Superfoods you need now. Retrieved May 11, 2015, from

Hives on the back are a common allergy symptom (n.d.). [Online image]. Retrieved May 3, 2015, from

Fitzgerald, P. (2011, November 17). HuffPost Healthy Living.
Let Food by thy Medicine: Top 10 healing foods of the decade.
Retrieved May 11, 2015, from

Kerr, M. (2012, May 4). Shellfish Allergies. Retrieved May 3, 2015, from

Luke, G. (2013). The epic tale of freezer meals & shopping list. The shabby creek cottage. Retrieved May 6, 2015, from

Make healthy choices poster.jpg. (1987) [Online image]. Retrieved May 11, 2015, from

Mixed nuts from a can (n.d.). [Online image]. Retrieved May 1, 2015, from

NHMRC. (2014, 19 May). Nutrition. Retrieved May 4, 2015, from

Orlov, A. (2015). 12 Brilliant meal prep ideas to free up your time. Daily burn. Retrieved April 19, 2015, from

Roy, H., Brantley, P., & Heymsfield, S. (2010/2011). Fad Diets Defined Pennington Nutrition Series No 89. Retrieved April 25, 2015, from

State Government of Victoria. (2015, 9 February). Weight loss and fad diets. Retrieved May 4, 2015, from

Steamed live prawns (n.d.). [Online image]. Retrieved May 3, 2015, from

Wikipedia. (2015, 15 April). Diets followed for medical reasons. Retrieved April 25, 2015, from

17_article_header.jpg (n.d.). [Online image]. Retrieved May 11, 2015, from

Unless otherwise indicated, photographs included were created by Murray, R. (2015). Shopping list [image] ©Swinburne Online

Unless otherwise indicated, photographs included were created by Murray, R. (2015). Lamingtons made in a rice cooker [photograph] ©Swinburne Online

Unless otherwise indicated, photographs included were created by Murray, R. (2015). Rice cooker [photograph] ©Swinburne Online
There is a plethora of advice online about nutrition do’s and don’ts, although deciphering fact from fiction can be a challenge! We hope our presentation on Nutrition has assisted you in sourcing out credible information and resources. Remember to keep your diet simple - eating fresh and natural ingredients which have had minimal ‘handling’ or additives not only promote health and wellbeing, minimise allergies and maintain a healthy body weight; they are also healthier for your budget too.
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