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Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Transcript of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Kiersten Sales, Brandi Lackey,
Kayce Lai, Mia Deleon
Period 7 Stylistic Devices Vocabulary Key Quotations Themes Point of View Tone Characters Plot Chapter 7: Incident at the Window Setting Elements of the Story Chapter 5: Incident of the Letter The setting is at the back entrance to Dr. Jekyll's laboratory, the same place where Mr. Hyde enters the laboratory in the first chapter.
It is cool and damp with "a full premature twilight." The setting of premature twilight means that the night and darkness is coming quicker than normal. The darkness that is advancing prematurely could be foreshadowing to the scary incident that Utterson and Enfield experience at Jekyll's window
The setting of the door behind Jekyll's house is a symbol of the dark side of Jekyll's life because that is the door that Hyde goes in and out of to hide from society.
Before Utterson finds Jekyll at the window, the author illusrates the bright sky which is Dr. Jekyll's hope and happiness, but also carries the burden of Mr. Hyde who holds Jekyll back leaving him trapped, onlooking what he could enjoy. This is a contrast between light and dark. The light side being Jekyll and the dark side being Hyde. Mr. Utterson:
Is worried for Dr. Jekyll’s well-being
Is basically everyones lawyer The story is told from the point of view of John Utterson, a lawyer and friend to the brilliant scientist, Dr. Henry Jekyll.
We get the story this way because it draws out the suspense, and the mystery, and the shocking nature.
We watch him speculate about Dr. Jekyll and try to unravel the mystery, but he’s not overcome by strong emotions all the time. He’s an average fellow who cares about his friend’s well-being, and isn’t going to project many of his own opinions onto the story he unravels – which makes him a good and trustful narrator. Mysterious/serious
Stevenson’s ability to use expressive language is written in a factual way.
The original title and chapter headings contribute to the secretive and serious tone. Throughout this section, the theme of duality of humans begins to play out with Dr. Jekyll. We begin to suspect that there is a relationship between Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, and it becomes more apparent that these two characters portray different aspects of a personality. Perhaps, it may even be suspected that Dr. Jekyll is the angel, and Mr. Hyde is the devil.
This section also describes the struggle between good and evil. Though it is not confirmed the relationship between Jekyll and Hyde, if Jekyll is good and Hyde is evil, then it can be assumed that the good is overcoming bad when Dr. Jekyll begins to be happy again. It is in the end of chapter 7 that we see that the good is beginning to weaken when Dr. Jekyll weakens. The author, Robert Louis Stevenson, uses a lot of figurative language, vivid description, and imagery in this section. In the beginning of chapter 5, he uses a lot of description and imagery to describe Dr. Jekyll’s house as being dingy and dark. He foreshadows the relationship between Jekyll and Hyde when Mr. Guest verifies their same handwriting. Also it is foreshadowed when Dr. Jekyll begins to freak out on Enfield and Utterson at the end of chapter 7. Stevenson depicts a lot of suspense by using a dark tone and descriptive and long sentence structures. His style is complex, yet realistic. carbuncles(n) - deep red gems
Stevenson’s sentence: “The fog still slept on the wing above the drowned city, where the lamps glimmered like carbuncles...” "I swear to God I will never set eyes on him again. I bind my honour to you that I am done with him in this world. It is all at an end. And indeed he does not want my help; you do not know him as I do; he is safe, he is quite safe; mark my words, he will never more be heard of." Chapter 5
“‘Well, sir,’ returned the clerk, ‘there’s a rather singular resemblance; the two hands are in many points identical: only differently sloped.” Chapter 5
"Some day, Utterson, after I am dead, you may perhaps come to learn the right and wrong of this. I cannot tell you." Chapter 6
“But Lanyon’s face changed, and he held up a trembling hand.’I wish to see or hear no more of Dr. Jekyll,” he said in a loud, unsteady voice. ‘I am quite done with that person; and I beg that you will spare me any allusion to one whom I regard as dead.’” Chapter 6
“But the words were hardly uttered, before the smile was struck out of his face and succeeded by an expression of such abject terror and despair, as froze the very blood of the two gentlemen below. They saw it but for a glimpse for the window was instantly thrust down; but that glimpse had been sufficient, and they turned and left the court without a word.” Chapter 7
“They were both pale; and there was an answering horror in their eyes.” Chapter 7 The setting starts off in Dr. Jekyll's cabinet
The bars on the windows can help build upon the motif of silence since bars are normally used to keep things from coming in and out and can also be used to symbolize all the secrets that are meant to be kept in
Utterson and Jekyll are in Jekyll's laboratory. This laboratory is symbolic of Hyde because of the eerie feeling that readers get from this scene
The setting then moves to Mr. Utterson's home, where suspicion arises due to the two handwritings being seen as similar once studied by Mr. Guest.
Was extremely sick, then swears that he will never be in contact with Mr. Hyde.
Gets better, then he becomes social again (throws dinner parties, etc.)
Becomes anti-social soon after and acts weirdly. Mr. Hyde:
Becomes dormant after the death of Sir Danvers Carew.
Briefly seen by Utterson and Enfield at the window. Mr. Lanyon:
Becomes deathly ill
Secludes himself from everyone
Passes away soon after Mr. Guest:
Discovers that the handwriting of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde were written by the same hand. Mr. Enfield:
Accompanies Utterson for a walk and briefly sees Hyde and Jekyll at the window. The setting begins at Dr. Jekyll’s house for a dinner party.
The setting then moves to Dr. Lanyon’s home. Coincidently, after Lanyon and Jekyll's fight, both of them become ill.
Dr. Lanyon dies and in "the door of his business room, and sitting there by the light of a melancholy candle, drew out and set before him an envelope addressed by the hand and sealed with the seal of his dead friends".
This can be used to show the motif silence and how it is broken when faced with death. Mr. Utterson, as well as the reader, becomes anxious and very curious to see what Dr. Henry Jekyll's secret is. Chapter 6: Remarkable Incident of Dr Lanyon Question Number One: Who is Mr. Guest? Mr. Guest was Mr. Utterson's head clerk. He was also a handwriting expert. •cupola (n)- a rounded roof or ceiling
Stevenson’s sentence: “...the floor strewn with crates and littered with packing straw, and the light falling dimly through the foggy cupola.” •qualm (n) - a sudden feeling of sickness
Stevenson’s sentence: “The doctor seemed seized with a qualm of faintness; he shut his mouth tight and nodded.” Chapter Five- Incident of the Letter
Vocabulary Question Number Two: Why does Mr. Utterson in Chapter 5 believe that Dr. Jekyll forged the letter from Mr. Hyde? Mr. Utterson believes that Dr. Jekyll forged the letter from Mr. Hyde because Mr. Guest discovered that Mr. Hyde’s writing strongly resembled Dr. Jekyll’s writing. Question Number Three: What do Mr. Utterson and Mr. Enfield see on their weekly walk? Mr. Utterson and Mr. Enfield passed by Mr. Hyde's door, and decided to try to see Dr.Jekyll. Then then saw Jekyll sitting in the window and they conversed for a few minutes. They then asked Jekyll to come down and converse, but he said he could not come down, and he did not want to invite them up. He then agreed with Mr. Utterson to converse from where they positioned. All of a sudden Jekyll’s face got "an expression of abject terror and despair."Mr. Utterson and Mr. Enfield left the courtyard. They were pale and had a look of horror in their eyes. Question Number Four: What change does Utterson notice in Dr. Jekyll after Mr. Hyde’s disappearance? Dr. Jekyll becomes well and happy, throws dinner parties and engages in charitable works. Question Number Five: What does the letter from Dr. Lanyon have in common with Dr. Jekyll’s will? They both refer to the possible disappearance of Jekyll. ruminated (v) - meditated or reflected
Stevenson’s sentence: “Utterson ruminated awhile; he was surprised at his friend’s selfishness, and yet relieved by it.” sedulously (adv) - diligently
Stevenson’s sentence: “..and the clerk laid the two sheets of paper alongside and sudulously compared their contents.” Chapter 6: Remarkable Incident of Dr. Lanyon amities (n) - friendships
Stevenson’s sentence: “Utterson was amazed; the dark influence of Hades had been withdrawn; the doctor had returned to his old task and amities;..." inscrutable (adj) -mysterious, unable to be understood knowledge
Stevenson’s sentence: “...perhaps, in his heart, he desired to speak with Poole upon the door-step and surrounded by the air and sounds of the open city, rather than to be admitted into that house of voluntary bondage, and to sit and speak with its inscrutable recluse." stringent (adj) - strict
Stevenson’s sentence: “...but professional honor and faith to his dead friend were stringent obligations; and the packet slept in the inmost corner of his private safe.” Chapter 7: Incident at the Window abject (adj) - miserable, wretched
Stevenson’s sentence: “But the words were hardly uttered, before the smile was struck out of his face and succeeded by an expression of such abject terror and despair, as froze the very blood of the two gentlemen below.” disconsolate (adj) - cheerless
Stevenson’s sentence: “...and sitting close beside it, taking the air with an infinite sadness of mien, like some disconsolate prisoner, Utterson saw Dr. Jekyll.” Chapter 5: The chapter title “The Incident of the Letter” gives clues as to what the chapter is about. At this time in the novel, it is unexpected that the letter by Hyde and invitation by Jekyll had the same handwriting. The suspense in the beginning of the chapter leads to the final realization at the end that Utterson has—Henry Jekyll forged for a murderer.
Chapter 6: “The Remarkable Incident of Doctor Lanyon” clues in that Dr. Lanyon is involved and that something might happen to him. In this chapter, Dr. Jekyll seems to be improving, becoming happy and throwing dinner parties, while Mr. Hyde seems to be missing. It seemingly becomes suspicious that soon after Dr. Jekyll is ill, Dr. Lanyon is confined to his bed. Though it was suspected that something happen to Dr. Lanyon, it is thoroughly unexpected that he dies, leaving Utterson with a letter that mentions Dr. Jekyll.
Chapter 7: Chapter 7, “The Incident at the Window,” is a vague title that hints at a window, but does not give anything away. It creates suspense. It was on a Sunday that Utterson and Enfield were out for a walk, which is expected. However, in this chapter, they chance upon Dr. Jekyll’s back door (Black Mail Door). While it goes seemingly well, it is unexpectedly a surprise when Dr. Jekyll begins to freak out after a little chat.