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Collective Rights - Lori

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Lori Hofstede

on 5 February 2013

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Transcript of Collective Rights - Lori

Why do some groups have collective rights and not others? The Canadian government has given collective rights to a variety of different groups in Canada. The groups that are given these rights all have a collective identity and have been greatly involved in Canada’s past. The aboriginal people are given collective rights because they were the first people to establish in Canada and they have impacted the way we are today. Permanent treaties and other historical agreements have made the aboriginals give up many things to help benefit our country, the government has recognized that and given them their rights in return for what has happened in the past. Collective rights are given to Francophone and Anglophones because French and English are the official languages of Canada. The majority of people in Canada speak these languages and are able to be included in their collective rights. Collective identity groups in Canada other than the ones listed above are not given these rights, either because there aren’t enough people included in them or because they haven’t been involved as much with the history and founding of Canada. What legislation
establishes the
collective rights of
groups in Canada? What are Collective Rights? Collective rights are rights given by the Canadian government to specific groups in Canada. These rights are a result of many legislation that have been passed in history. In Canada we have certain groups who are recognized to have a collective identity and these are the groups that are given collective rights. A group of people with a common culture or the same first language are considered to have a collective identity. These groups include the aboriginal peoples which are the First nations, the Metis and the Inuit, and the language groups which include the Francophones and the Anglophones. How do the collective rights of Canadians show justice, mercy, and humility? How do collective rights, in the past and today,
define who we are as Canadians? Collective rights are what make Canada unique from other countries. These rights allow our society to include many different collective identities and they represent our relationship between us as Canadians and the government. In the past there have been many legislation that have formed the collective rights that are still in place today. Without collective rights, the different culture groups like the aboriginals and the language groups would not be the same as they are now because they would have been assimilated or changed from the way they were. Why are collective rights
important to all Canadians? All Canadians benefit from collective rights in one way or another. These rights were given to the specific groups in order to preserve cultures and languages that are present in Canada today. Without collective rights we wouldn’t have the diversity that we have in Canada that makes us such an unique country. Minority groups are able to keep their ways without being assimilated into another culture. Collective Rights Justice Mercy Humility Legislation that relate to the
First Nations Indian Act - Affirmed collective rights of the First Nations and was made by the government without the consent of the First Nations. This act was a way for the government to assimilate the First nations but it has been revised many times to get to where it is today.
The Numbered Treaties - Historic agreements that were made to avoid war and try to make the future of the First Nations better. These treaties were permanent and they illustrated the rights given to the First Nations at the time.
Modern Treaties - One modern agreement was the Nisga’a Final Agreement (2000) in which the Nisga’a nation got more than 1900 square kilometers of land in BC and the right to govern themselves
Canada’s Constitution - Section 35 they are recognized as one of Canada’s Aboriginal peoples and their previous rights are affirmed Legislation that relate to the Metis Manitoba Act - Established Manitoba as a bilingual province, gave rights for education to Protestants and Catholics, and land rights were given to the Metis
Modern Treaties - The Sahtu Dene and Metis Comprehensive Land Claim Agreement (1994) was a modern treaty that gave the Inuit (and the Sahtu Dene) 41 437 square kilometers of land in the Northwest Territories and an agreement was made for then to govern themselves
Canada’s Constitution - Section 35 includes the Metis as one of Canada’s Aboriginal peoples and it set out their rights in Canada Legislation that relate
to the Inuit Modern Treaties - The Nunavut Land Claims Agreement (1993) confirmed the Inuit title to more than 350 000 square kilometers of land in Nunavut
Canada’s Constitution - they get all the rights of Canada’s aboriginal peoples because they were included in that category Legislation that relate to the
Francophones and Anglophones Charter Rights- Official Bilingualism (sections 16-20) sets out that French and English are the official languages of Canada
-Minority Language Education Rights (section 23) says that any minority population that speaks English or French that is acceptable in size has the right to be publicly funded
Historic Agreements -The British North America Act (1867) established Canada to be bilingual and it guaranteed public schools for Protestant (English) in Quebec and and Catholic (French) in the rest of Canada
-Quebec Act (1774) and Official Languages Act (1969) are also historic agreements that relate the the collective language rights of Francophone and Anglophones
Canada’s Constitution- recognizes French and English as the official languages of Canada and both languages have equal status under the Constitution The Canadian government made collective rights based on many different legislation and have kept historical agreements so that the previous arrangements where not just put aside
In the past the government has treated different groups like the First Nations unfairly in some of the historical treaties. For example in the Indian Act they made laws that involved the First Nations without their consent
Collective rights preserve valuable cultures in Canada that would have otherwise been changed so it shows justice in making sure that Canada stays as diverse a country as possible Mercy was shown when the government allowed the Metis to be included as one of Canada's aboriginal people's under the constitution and offered them the option of being involved with their rights
The Canadian government has given specific rights to benefit some people who they have treated badly in the past. For example the First Nations have been treated unfairly and been taken advantage of in history, but now they have rights set in place to make their lives easier and give opportunities for their culture to flourish
Official language minorities have been given education rights that the government has fully paid for to help preserve their language Humility is shown through how the government has given collective rights to many different types of people in Canada. The government has given rights to groups that they have had conflict with in the past, they might not think that these specific groups deserve collective rights because of what happened in history but they still offer them rights. For example, in history the First Nations and the government have gotten into a variety of conflicts that had to do with the making of treaties but the government has humbled themselves and given rights to these people today to keep equality in
our country.
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